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1 Anna Mensah, et al., Weapons and Ammunition Management in Africa Insight: 2022 Update 1 (2022)

handle is hein.unl/wsadanmt0001 and id is 1 raw text is: 

Ineffective through-life management of weapons
and  ammunition   contributes to  diversion and
illicit proliferation and thus facilitates, exacerbates,
and  accelerates armed conflict, armed violence,
including gender-based  violence, and instability.
This impedes  social and economic development.
Weapons  and  ammunition  management   (WAM)  is
the oversight, accountability, and governance of
conventional arms  and  ammunition  throughout
their life cycle. UNIDIR has identified 10 key func-
tional areas for WAM, including a national coor-
dination mechanism   and  a  national legal and
regulatory framework, as well as control measures
to be taken for transfer controls, stockpile manage-
ment, marking, record-keeping, dealing with illicit
arms and ammunition,  and disposal.

This is the first annual update  by  UNIDIR  to
recognize the progress made  by 9 African states
to  strengthen their WAM policy and practice
after undertaking  a WAM   baseline assessment
using UNIDIR's methodology. The  report presents
national examples of progress in addressing gaps
and deficiencies in the 10 key functional areas for

Resource  constraints (e.g. strategic advisory, technical,
financial, operational etc)
Poor  sensitization or inadequate knowledge on the
importance  of WAM  among  high-level political stakeholders
Unstable security and political situations
Coordination challenges at the regional and subregional

nportance  of:
An  institutionalized, well-resourced, and strategically
placed robust national coordination mechanism
with an adequate  mandate
Strong political will of national WAM stakeholders and
high-level political actors
Sustained international assistance and cooperation
to facilitate capacity building and exchanges of
good  practice
Effective coordination and partnerships among WAM
An  inclusive, consultative, and participatory approach to WAM

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