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1953 Washington Report 1 (1953)

handle is hein.tera/wingtore0005 and id is 1 raw text is: 920 Washington Building
No.    3 5                          Washington 5, D. C.      February 18, 1953
WILL TM, 1,EV' CONGRESS APPROVE PROI'OSLS TO
L ±PROU jEROCEDUMES _AND FACT LU IES
FOR HAN0DLI*'NG BUDGET?
One of the major problems confronting the 33d Congress is the
recognized necessity for Congress to recapture and exercise annual
control over i'ederal expenditurcs. FollowiinF he hearins in
September 1951 before the Joint Comidttee on Reo.uction of !'on-
essential lederal Expenditures (the Byrd Committee), this issue
of controllability has been brought clearly into focus.
An important aspect of this problem,
CONGRESSI MAIACHITERY  in the minds of many, is the improvement
IHAS !!OT KEFT PACE  of Congressional procedures and facilities
for handling the Federal budret, so that
control may be exercised intelligently. In the opinion of many
experts 1Icmbers of Congress, and the Appropriations Commnittees,
are severely handicapped under present conditions in attempting to
consider and pass judgment on the huge budget requests of the ex-
ecutive branch. Congressional machinery in recent years has not
kept pace i,,ith the groing budgets. As a House Rules Coinittee
report declared last year:
The Federal government has -rov'm so rapidly and has become
so enormous and complex that it is impossible for the Congress,
particularly in the field of appropriations, to operate efficiently
with the same machinery that was set up in the beginning of the
Republic. The tools used then are inadequate today. It is im-
possible for the Congress to operate in the atomic age .ith ox-
cart machinery.
This need for strengthening and improving the tools of
Congress to do this vital job has not gone unrecognized. During
the last Congress a larr-e number of proposals seeking to improve
this situation were introduced in both Houses.  iany have been
reintroduced in the new 83d Congress. Two, in particular, have
received sufficient support in recent years to deserve further
serious consideration. These are: S.Con.Res. 8, sponsored by
5O members of the Senate; S. 833, introduced under the joint
sponsorship of 5  Senators; H .R. 1710, a companion (but not
identical) Ilouse measure to S. G33.

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