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1 Employment and Pay Trends: A Background Information Report 1 (1965)

handle is hein.tera/emppaytr0001 and id is 1 raw text is: 1965 -
A Background Information Report
In October 1964, according to data compiled by the Bureau of the
Census, U. S. Department of Commerce, there were 10.1 million civi'
ians employed by governments at all levels in the United States --
Federal, State, and local. About one out of seven persons in the
total labor force (excluding the armed forces) was employed by gov-
ernment; or, putting it another way, about one out of every 19 per-
sons in the United States was a civilian public employee in October,
State and local governments, including school systems, had 7.5 mil-
lion employees, with Federal civilian employment totaling about 2.5
million. 1evertheless, while in recent years State-local employment
has been increasing at a faster rate than Federal employment, for
various reasons attention has perhaps focused more sharply on the
Federal employment picture.
One obvious reason for this focus has been the emphasis placed by
President Johnson on his efforts to control Federal employment.
Both the fiscal 1965 and fiscal 1966 budget messages included spe-
cial sections on controlling Federal civilian employment -- though
the 1965 budget projected a modest reduction in employment, while
the 1966 budget presented last January proposed modest and highly
selective civilian emplonment increases.
Federal Civilian Employment Increase Projected
The modest and highly selective civilian personnel increase total-
ing 26,680 forecast in the fiscal 1966 Federal budget is the net
result of a continuing drop in civilian employment within the Depart-
ment of Defense (of 19,000) and other relatively minor reductions,
which are more than offset by substantial increases in other Federal
agencies. As the budget message points out, this net increase in
employment is in large part due to the new and expanded programs
recommended in the budget.
Table 1 summarizes the major employment increases and decreases, by
agency, as set forth in the budget document.

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