16 Legislative History of the Clean Air Act of 1990 Public Law 101-549 2381 (1990)

handle is hein.leghis/lecleaia0016 and id is 1 raw text is: ´╗┐GOVERNMENT & COMMERCE

Lines Drawn in Opening Round
Over Cleaning Nation's Air
Waxman promises quick action, but dispute with
Chairman Dingel could slow things down

W hile he applauded President
Bush for sending Congress a
clean air package and vowed to move
rapidly on it, Henry A. Waxman, D-
Calif., chairman of the House Energy
Committee's Health and Environment
Subcommittee, criticized the presi-
dent's plan for having serious short-
comings. And he was not alone.
As the subcommittee listened to
opening statements the week of Sept.
11, almost each member who spoke
complained about some aspect of the
president's bill (HR 3030). (Back-
ground, Weekly Report p. 1852)
Not only were lines of battle drawn
with the administration, they also were
drawn between subcommittee mem-
bers. In particular, the president's pro-
posal has set the stage for continuation
of a decade-long battle between Wax-
man, a proponent of stricter air quality
regulations, and full committee Chair-
man John D. Dingell, D-Mich., who
represents Detroit, home of major
auto manufacturers.
The two openly disagreed over
which of the bill's provisions need fix-
ing, and Dingell said he and the full
committee's ranking Republican, Nor-
man F. Lent, N.Y., may offer a substi-
tute amendment when the sub-
committee begins to mark up the bill
Sept. 19.
Action on improving the nation's
air quality has been stalled since the
late 1970s. But there is one difference
in this year's battle. The Bush admin-
istration appears ready to be an active
player in the clean air debate, after
years of indifference by the Reagan
White House.
Ukes and Dislikes
With that in mind, Waxman said
he hoped to move the bill quickly
through the subcommittee in a spirit of
compromise and accommodation. He
told the panel that it is in such a spirit
that we have chosen the president's bill
as the markup vehicle. The president
unveiled his clean air proposal July 21.
By Christine C. Lawrence

Rep. Henry A. Waxman, D-Calif.
Waxman praised Bush for the acid
rain reduction portion of his plan,
which would reduce electric utility
sulfur dioxide emissions by 9 million
tons by the year 2001. But he com-
plained that the bill was weak on con-
trols for cars, trucks and buses.
He cited Environmental Protec-
tion Agency data that such mobile
sources are responsible for roughly
half of the nation's nitrogen oxide and
hydrocarbon pollution. Waxman has
introduced his own urban smog bill
(HR 2323) with much stricter tailpipe
emission standards.
But Dingell attacked those who
called the mobile source provisions
weak and noted that HR 3030 devotes
over 50 pages to requirements impos-
ing new controls on the motor vehicle
and oil refinery industries.
He also said it was misleading for
some to suggest that increased tailpipe
controls would mean that small sta-
tionary polluters, such as bakeries, dry
cleaners and printers, would escape
emissions reductions.
In contrast to Waxman, the full
committee chairman argued that the
bill's acid rain provisions go too far. He
particularly objected to an emissions

cap that requires new  fossil fuel
plants, after the year 2000, to obtain
offsetting reductions in sulfur dioxide
emissions from existing plants. Dingell
said the cap would severely damage fu-
ture use of coal and would encourage
utilities to turn to nuclear power.
Dingell also said that HR 3030
would cost thousands of coal mining
jobs in Appalachia, creating hardship
and destitution in thet coal fields.
Agreeing with Dingell were panel
members from the Midwest, whose
states would be hit the hardest by the
president's acid rain provisions. Dem-
ocrat Terry L. Bruce and Republican
Edward Madigan, both from Illinois,
said HR 3030's provisions were forcing
one region of the country to bear more
of the cost of acid rain cleanup than
others. The president's plan would re-
quire that utilities in nine states,
mostly in the Midwest and Southeast,
pay for about half the costs of acid
rain reduction. Bruce has introduced
his own acid rain bill (HR 2909),
which he says would protect coal-min-
ing jobs and help the targeted utilities
pay for the cleanup costs.
But panel member Gerry Sikorski,
D-Minn., said he would offer an amend-
ment to ensure that total sulfur dioxide
reductions equal a firm 10 million tons
by including industrial boiler emissions.
Ron Wyden, D-Ore., added that he
would attempt to strengthen pollution
protection for national parks and to
give technical assistance to small busi-
nesses to help them comply with the
new clean air regulations.
Baucus Bill
Meanwhile, Max Baucus, D-Mont.,
chairman of Senate Environment's
Environmental Protection Subcommit-
tee, Sept. 15 unveiled legislation to
combat urban smog by setting new
schedules for U.S. cities to comply with
air quality standards for ozone and car-
bon monoxide pollution levels and to
control emissions from mobile sources.
The urban smog provisions would
set new tailpipe standards for nitrogen
oxides and hydrocarbons and would re-
quire auto manufacturers to imple-
ment by 1993 vehicle emission stan-
dards that already exist in California.
It also requires cars to meet a new
carbon dioxide standard, Baucus said.
Neither Waxman's urban smog mea-
sure nor the president's bill has a simi-
lar provision. The Baucus plan also
sets tougher standards for mobile
sources than those found in the presi-
dent's bill. The subcommittee will be-
gin hearings the week of Sept. 25. *
CQ SEPTEMBER 16, 1989 - 2381

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