29 Common Market L. Rev. 1137 (1992)
Concept of Citizenship in the Treaty on European Union, The

handle is hein.kluwer/cmlr0029 and id is 1151 raw text is: Common Market Law Review 29: 1137-1169, 1992.
 1992 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.
THE CONCEPT OF CITIZENSHIP IN THE TREATY ON
EUROPEAN UNION
CARLOS CLOSA*
This article evaluates the condition of citizenship of the Union, created
by the Treaty on European Union (TEU), from a predominantly politi-
cal point of view.1 The Treaty has introduced for the first time a sys-
tematic concept of citizenship in the Community ambit, through Arti-
cles 8 to 8e Provisions creating the European Community. However,
most of the rights and characteristics attached to the concept of citizen-
ship were partially outlined within the scope of the Rome Treaties and
the Single European Act. Whilst the new concept of citizenship means
an upgrading of the condition of individuals under Community law, it
has not superseded the preponderance of the concept of nationality of
each Member State. This article contains three parts. The theoretical
basis of the concept of citizenship is examined in the introduction. The
second section describes the development of some elements of citizen-
ship from the wording of the Rome Treaties and the SEA. Finally, the
last section evaluates the concept of union citizenship enshrined by the
Maastricht Treaty.
1. Introduction
The examination of the concept of citizenship nowadays does not par-
ticularly emphasize its basic political dimension. Within the framework
of the modern State, the political subject is usually identified through
* Department of Politics, University of Hull.
1. I wish to thank Professor D.A.C. Freestone for his valuable suggestions in the re-
vision of this article, Ms. Jacqueline Shawe for her assistance, and David Ong for his
encouragement and support.
Copyright 0 2007 by Kluwer Law International. All rights reserved.
No claim asserted to original government works.

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