114 Yale L.J. 149 (2004-2005)
Emergency Power and the Militia Acts

handle is hein.journals/ylr114 and id is 167 raw text is: Note
Emergency Power and the Militia Acts
Stephen I. Vladeck
CONTENTS
IN TRO D U CTION   ..........................................................................................  151
I. THE FIRST MILITIA CLAUSE AND THE MILITIA ACTS ........................... 156
A. The Constitution and Emergency Power ..................................... 156
B. Calling Forth the State Militias: The 1792 and
1795  M ilitia  A cts  .......................................................................... 159
C. Calling Forth  the Federal Army: The 1807 and
18 6 1  A cts  ......................................................................................  16 3
D. Martial Law, Habeas Corpus, and the Ku Klux Klan .................. 167
II. THE MILITIA ACTS, THE COURTS, AND EMERGENCIES ....................... 169
A. Martial Law in the Early Republic: Mott and Luther .................. 170
B. Emergency Power During the Civil War ..................................... 175
1. The Militia Acts and Martial Law: Field
and  the  Trigger Problem  ....................................................... 175
2. The Importance of the Prize Cases ........................................ 177
3. Milligan and a Suggested Trigger ......................................... 180
C. The Problem of Inherent Presidential Power:
D ebs  and  N eagle  .......................................................................... 183
149

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