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12 Yale J. Health Pol'y L. & Ethics 39 (2012)
Compulsory Vaccination, the Constitution, and the Hepatitis B Mandate for Infants and Young Children

handle is hein.journals/yjhple12 and id is 43 raw text is: Compulsory Vaccination, the Constitution, and the
Hepatitis B Mandate for Infants and Young Children
Mary Holland
INTRODUCTION     ............................................................................................... 41
I. PUBLIC  H EALTH  LAW  .................................................................................... 42
A. JUDICIAL DECISIONS BEFORE JACOBSON V. MASSACHUSETTS............... 42
B. JACOBSON V. MASSACHUSETTS                        ..............................  44
1. CONSTITUTIONAL STANDARDS OF REVIEW......................... 48
2. JACOBSON'S EARLY LEGACY                        ..............................  49
3. ZUCHT V. KING: JACOBSON'S LEGACY FOR SCHOOL CHILDREN ............ 50
4. THE ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON IMMUNIZATION PRACTICES (ACIP)..... 54
5. THE NATIONAL CHILDHOOD VACCINE INJURY ACT OF 1986 (NCVIA). 55
II. THE SUPREME COURT'S PERSONAL AUTONOMY JURISPRUDENCE .......... 59
A. FORCED STERILIZATION, CONTRACEPTION AND ABORTION ......          ...... 59
B. THE RIGHT TO MAKE MEDICAL TREATMENT DECISIONS........            ....... 61
C. THE RIGHT TO AUTONOMY IN SEXUAL RELATIONS .................... 64
III. A HYPOTHETICAL CHALLENGE TO A HEPATITIS B VACCINATION
MANDATE FOR PRESCHOOL CHILDREN.......................................... 66
A. HEPATITIS B DISEASE, FEDERAL POLICY, VACCINATION MANDATES AND
PUBLIC RESPONSE                            .................................................. 67
1. THE 1982. AND 1988 ACIP RECOMMENDATIONS...................... 68
2. THE 1991 ACIP RECOMMENDATION           ........................ ...... 69
3. THE 1999 ACIP RECOMMENDATION           ........................ ...... 72
4. THE 2005 ACIP RECOMMENDATION          ....................... ....... 73
B. FINANCIAL CONSIDERATIONS IN HEPATITIS B VACCINATION MANDATES 76
* Research Scholar and Director, Graduate Legal Skills Program, NYU School of Law. I am
grateful to Heather Groves, Natalie Murphy, Michael Sexton, and Todd Rosenbaum for invaluable
research assistance. I am also grateful to Kevin Barry, Louis Conte, Louise Kuo Habakus, James
Holland, Jenny Roberts, Kim Mack Rosenberg, Juliet Stumpf, Edward Yazbak, the NYU
Lawyering Colloquium, and the Journal's peer reviewers and staff for constructive critique.

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