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7 Yale Hum. Rts. & Dev. L.J. 79 (2004)
Trade, Monitoring, and the ILO: Working to Improve Conditions in Cambodia's Garment Factories

handle is hein.journals/yhurdvl7 and id is 79 raw text is: Note From the Field
Trade, Monitoring, and the ILO: Working To
Improve Conditions in Cambodia's Garment
Kevin Kolbent
The U.S.-Cambodia Bilateral Textile Trade Agreement, signed
on January 20, 1999, was remarkable for its inclusion of a labor
standards provision that created incentives for the Cambodian
garment industry to bring itself into substantial compliance
with international labor standards and Cambodian labor law.
The labor standards provision provided the impetus for the
creation of a novel program, to be operated by the International
Labor Organization (ILO). This program combined trade-related
incentives to enforce workers' rights with an unprecedented plan
to have the ILO conduct factory-level monitoring of working
conditions. This Article examines how the program was
designed and implemented and evaluates the proposals and
conceptions that preceded the final project document. This
analysis provides a case study on how to construct and
implement future programs that combine trade and factory
monitoring to improve working conditions and enforce core
labor rights along the global supply chain.
t Incoming Assistant Professor, Rutgers Business School. B.A. 1994, Oberlin College;
M.A., J.D. 2002, University of Michigan. This article was written in large part while I was a
Senior Associate at Human Rights First (formerly the Lawyers Committee for Human Rights),
and travel funding was provided by the University of Michigan's program on Globalization,
Labor and Change. Many thanks to Robert Howse, Mark Barenberg, Christopher McCrudden,
and Laurie Berg for helpful critiques and constructive conversations during the writing and
research of this paper. Special thanks to Bama Athreya of the International Labor Rights Fund
for her insightful comments and for initially exposing me to the topic.

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