94 W. Va. L. Rev. 301 (1991-1992)
Federal Prosecution of State and Local Public Officials: The Obstacles to Punishing Breaches of the Public Trust and a Proposal for Reform, Part One

handle is hein.journals/wvb94 and id is 311 raw text is: FEDERAL PROSECUTION OF STATE AND LOCAL
PUBLIC OFFICIALS: THE OBSTACLES TO
PUNISHING BREACHES OF THE PUBLIC TRUST
AND A PROPOSAL FOR REFORM, PART ONE
MICHAEL W. CAREY*
LARRY R. ELLIS**
JOSEPH F. SAVAGE, JR.***
I.   INTRODUCTION .....................................................             302
A. Limitations on State Prosecution of Public Cor-
ruption    in   West Virginia ................................           304
B. The Response of the State Government in West
Virginia to the Problem of Public Corruption ...                        311
C. Public Corruption Prosecutions From a National
Perspective ...................................................          314
II. A HISTORY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF FEDERAL INVOLVE-
MENT IN ADDRESSING THE STATE AND LOCAL CoRRup-
TION    PROBLEM .....................................................          317
III. AN OVERViEW OF FEDERAL CORRUPTION STATUTES ....                                   324
A.     The Hobbs Act ............................................              325
B.    The Mail Fraud          and    Wire Fraud       Statutes .........       326
C.     The Travel Act .............................................            327
D.     RICO     .........................................................      328
E.    Section    666 ..................................................        329
F.    Election Laws ...............................................            331
B.A., Virginia Polytechnic Institute, 1976 (with distinction); J.D., West Virginia University
College of Law, 1979; Principal Associate Deputy Attorney General and United States Attorney for
the Southern District of West Virginia.
** B.S., West Virginia University, 1974; J.D., West Virginia University College of Law, 1977;
Assistant United States Attorney for the Southern District of West Virginia.
*** B.A., Harvard, 1978 (Magna Cum Laude); J.D., University of Virginia School of Law,
1981; Assistant United States Attorney and Senior Litigation Counsel for the District of Massachusetts;
Special Assistant United States Attorney for the Southern District of West Virginia.
The views expressed in this piece are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent
the views of the U.S. Department of Justice.
The authors wish to thank Michael L. Keller, Charles T. Miller, Hunter P. Smith, Jr., Robin
Y. Justice, and Linda J. Winkel for their assistance in the preparation of this piece.

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