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93 W. Va. L. Rev. 1 (1990-1991)
A Modest Proposal: A Psychotherapist-Patient Privilege for West Virginia

handle is hein.journals/wvb93 and id is 11 raw text is: West Virginia Law Review
Volume 93                               Fall 1990                              Number 1
A MODEST PROPOSAL: A PSYCHOTHERAPIST-
PATIENT. PRIVILEGE FOR WEST VIRGINIA
FRANKLIN D. CLECKLEY*
I.   INTRODUCTION         .....................................................      2
II. HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF EVIDENTIARY
PRIVILEGES ..........................................................           8
A.    Attorney-Client Privilege ......................... , .......             8
B.    Husband- Wife Communication Privilege ............                      15
C.    Physician-Patient Privilege           ..............................    21
D.    Clergy-Penitent Privilege ............... ..................            24
E.    Privileged    Communications in Federal Courts .....                    27
III.   PRIVILEGED       COMMUNICATIONS IN           WEST VIRGINIA        ........     32
A.    Attorney-Client Privilege .................................             33
B.    Husband-Wife Privilege            ..................................    34
C.    Physician-Patient Privilege           ..............................    35
D.    Clergy-Penitent Privilege .................................             36
IV. DEVELOPMENT OF PSYCHOTHERAPIST-PATIENT
PRIVILEGE      ...........................................................    37
V. PROPOSED PSYCHOTHERAPIST-PATIENT PRIVILEGE
MODEL ...............................................................         42
A.     Confidentiality     and    W. Va. Code 27-3-1           ...........    42
B.    Proposed Psychotherapist-Patient Privilege .........                    46
* Arthur B. Hodges Professor of Law, West Virginia University College of Law; A.B. 1962,
Anderson College; J.D. 1965, Indiana University at Bloomington; LL.M. 1969, Harvard University.
I would like to thank my student researchers, Patricia Hutchens and Vito Mussomeli, for their
helpful comments and assistance; and a very big thanks to Louis Palmer who actually put this article
together.

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