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117 W. Va. L. Rev. 1365 (2014-2015)
An Analysis of the Legal and Practical Implications of the Potential Increased Participation in Jury Service by Racial Minorities in the U.S. Criminal Justice System

handle is hein.journals/wvb117 and id is 1381 raw text is: 






AN ANALYSIS OF THE LEGAL AND PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS
    OF THE POTENTIAL INCREASED PARTICIPATION IN JURY
    SERVICE BY RACIAL MINORITIES IN THE U.S. CRIMINAL
                        JUSTICE SYSTEM

                        Brian Keith Leonard*


1.    IN TRODUCTION     .................................................................................... 1366
II.   HISTORY OF RACIAL MINORITIES AND JURY SERVICE ....................... 1367
      A . Juror Q ualifications ..................................................................... 1367
      B . Jury Selection  ............................................................................... 1370
III.  LEGAL AND PRACTICAL BARRIERS FOR RACIAL AND ETHNIC
      M INORITIES TO   JURY   SERVICE ............................................................ 1372
      A.  Voter Registration   Records .......................................................... 1373
      B. Juror Q uestionnaires  ................................................................... 1374
      C. F elony C onvictions  ...................................................................... 1375
      D. Lack ofAdequate Education, Low-Income, and Poverty ............. 1377
      E. Procedural and Substantive Legal Barriers ................................ 1378
IV.   PROPOSED SOLUTIONS TO LEGAL AND PRACTICAL BARRIERS TO
      M IN ORITY  JURY   SERVICE .................................................................... 1379
      A. English Language Assistance ...................................................... 1379
      B. Limitations on Felony Convictions .............................................. 1380
      C. A lternative  Criteria  ...................................................................... 1380
      D. Increased Training and Education for Prosecutors and Other
          Officials ........................................................................................ 138 1
V.    MODEL RACIAL REALITY IN JURY SELECTION ACT (JSA) .............. 1381
      A . The A ct ......................................................................................... 13 8 1
      B. A nalysis  of   the  A ct ........................................................................ 1383
          1. E qual Protection  ..................................................................... 1383
          2. D ue  Process ............................................................................ 1385
          3. Im partial Jury  ......................................................................... 1387
VI.   EFFECTS OF INCREASED SERVICE BY ETHNIC AND RACIAL
      M IN ORITIES  ON  JURIES ........................................................................ 1391
V II. C ON CLU SION  ....................................................................................... 1395





*   J.D., LL.M., Alabama A&M University.


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