41 W. St. U. L. Rev. 29 (2013-2014)
Children under Pressure: the Problem of Juvenile False Confessions and Potential Solutions

handle is hein.journals/wsulr41 and id is 33 raw text is: 


                   Children Under Pressure:

   The Problem of Juvenile False Confessions and

                        Potential Solutions


                           Laurel LaMontagne*

    I. INTRODUCTION .........................................................  30
    II. THE FALSE CONFESSION ............................................ 32
       A . C lassification  ..................................................  32
       B. Proving a Confession is  False ...................................  33
  III. WHY CONFESS? ANATOMICAL CHANGES IN THE DEVELOPING BRAIN
       AND CONSEQUENT BEHAVIOR ........................................... 34
  IV. EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY STUDIES .................................. 36
  V. OUTSIDE THE LAB: Two POINTS OF VULNERABILITY IN THE
       INTERROGATION PROCESS ............................................... 39
       A. W aiver of M iranda  Rights  ......................................  39
       B . The Interrogation  ...............................................  42
  VI.  ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS ..............................................  45
       A. Deceptive Interrogation Practices and the Police Code of Ethics ..  45
       B. False Confessions and Prosecutorial Misconduct .................  48
 VII. PROCEDURAL SAFEGUARDS AND POTENTIAL REFORMS .................. 50
       A. Juvenile Interrogations Must Be Electronically Recorded .........  50
       B. Juveniles Cannot Waive Their Miranda Rights without an Attorney
          P resent ........................................................  52
       C. Miranda Warnings Must be Rewritten in Developmentally-
          Appropriate Language .......................................... 53
       D. Juveniles Cannot be Subject to the Same Coercive Interrogation
          Techniques as Adults ...........................................  54
       E. Juvenile Defense Attorneys Need the Opportunity Present Expert
          Testimony on False Confessions ................................ 55
       F. Technology Could Eventually Improve the Accuracy of Juvenile
          Interrogations  ..................................................  56
 V III. CONCLUSION .......................................................  56

       Only a child who is very hardened in false-hood, very fearful of
consequences, or else truthful, will reiterate 'it is so anyway,' even to tears in the face
of evidence he cannot rebut, while others will confess or simulate a false confession as
the easiest issue.'

* J.D. Candidate, May 2014, UCLA School of Law. I would like to thank Professor Jyoti Nanda for her
guidance on this research.
1.  Edward L. Thomdike, Notes on Child Study, 8 COLUM. U. CONTRIBUTIONS TO PHIL., PSYCHOL. &
    EDUC. 205, 322 (1901) (quoting G.S. Hall).

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