40 W. St. U. L. Rev. 195 (2012-2013)
Corporate Civil Liability under the Alien Tort Statute: The Practical Implications from Kiobel

handle is hein.journals/wsulr40 and id is 203 raw text is: Corporate Civil Liability Under the Alien Tort
Statute: The Practical Implications From Kiobel
INTRODUCTION................................................................ 195
I. BACKGROUND ......................................................... 196
A .  The  A T S  ......................................................  196
B. Developing and Current Case Law ..............................  197
II. ELEMENTS AND KEY ISSUES TO AN ATS CLAIM AGAINST A CORPORATE
D EFENDANT  ........................................................  198
A. The Scope of the Law of Nations ...............................  198
B. Parties Who May Be Sued - State Actor v. Private Actor ........  199
C. Corporate Liability Under the Aiding and Abetting Theory ....... 200
D.  Supreme  Court Precedent.......................................  201
III. CORPORATE ATS LIABILITY IN KiOBEL ............................... 202
A .  K iobel  Review  .................................................  202
B.  Courts' Split of Authority  ......................................  204
C.  Supreme Court Hearing  Kiobel..................................  205
IV.  CORPORATE  COMPLIANCE .............................................  206
A. Integrating Due Diligence to the Code of Conduct ............... 207
B.  Activities That Raise  Red  Flags.................................  208
1.  Forced  Relocation ..........................................  208
2.  Forced  Labor  ..............................................  208
3. Engaging an Abusive Security Force ........................ 209
C. Risky Business Practice Areas and NGOs' Movements ........... 209
D.  Identifying  High-Risk  Countries.................................  210
V .  CONCLUSION  .........................................................  211
INTRODUCTION
Can a corporation be sued in federal court under the Alien Tort Statute
(ATS)1 for torts alleged to have been committed in a foreign country as a result of its
business practices? This question was presented to the U.S. Supreme Court in Kiobel
v. Royal Dutch Petroleum, on appeal from the Second Circuit Court of Appeals.2 As
of the writing of this article, the Court has yet to issue an opinion.3 But regardless of
the Court's answer, attorneys employed by multi-national corporations should
proactively address the business practices of their employers that implicate human
rights abuses. Whether a broad or narrow holding is announced, the varying labor
conditions and state activities of host countries that multi-national businesses must
engage with mean the opinion will not be one-size fits all.
1.  ATS is also known as the Alien Tort Claims Act (ATCA).
2.  Kiobel v. Royal Dutch Petroleum Co., 621 F.3d 111 (2d Cir. 2010), cert. granted, 132 S.Ct. 472
(2011).
3.  The opinion was announced on April 17, 2013.

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