3 Women Law. J. 1 (1913-1914)

handle is hein.journals/wolj3 and id is 1 raw text is: WOMEN LAWYERS' JOURNAL
Entered as Second Class Matter Feb. 1, 1912, at the Post Office at Jamaica, N. Y.,under the Act of March 3, 1879.
Vol. 3. No. 1.     Published Quarterly IAMAICA, N. Y. City, OCTOBER, 1913.   15 Cents a Copy; $1.00 a Year.

Published by the
At 519 Garfield Ave., Richmond Hill, N. Y.
The Mother-Teacher's Case.
The lawyers for Mrs. Peixotto, the New
York teacher-mother, have presented a
memorandum making the following points:
The conditions of the by-laws relative
to absence were complied with.
Precedents established by the Board of
Education run counter to recommenda-
tion of the elementary school committee.
Maternity increases efficiency  as a
Each teacher has an inalienable right
to formulate her own philosophy of life in
regard to her relations to her home and
Mrs. Edgell, the teacher who recently
asked for leave of absence in order to bear
a child, has returned to her duties as
teacher in a Brooklyn High School.
The New York Board of Education is
asking for funds to carry out admirable
plans for industrial work in pre-vocational
and continuation schools--the former for
children in elementary schools, the latter
for employees (arranged In co-operation
with employers).
New York University, with funds pro-
vided therefor by the will of the late The-
odore Greeley White, has entered upon the
work of establishing and maintaining a
city club for boys who are to be taught
therein the theory and practice of govern-
ment, as well as to be there afforded a
general club and meeting place.
Clarence D. Ashley, J. D., LL. D., Dean
of the New York University Law School,
In his report to Chancellor Brown, PhD.,
LL. D., deplores the admission to the legal
profession of so many poorly educated men,
and at the same time suggests reform in
criminal law and in the law of evidence.
Our rules of evidence, the Dean says,
should be greatly modified, if not done
away with entirely. For instance, the rule
against hearsay is subject to thirteen ex-
ceptions of a confusing nature and based
upon no underlying principle. Why not
leave the entire question to the sound dis-
cretion of the trial Judge, just as we do
that of materiality?
In criminal law, modernization, he
thinks, is still more imperative, but is not
a matter for politicians nor for commis-
sions drawing large salaries, and very few
lawyers have the necessary intellectual
equipment. He suggests that university
law schools can do no greater good than
in preparing men to carry out this idea of
modernizing legal practice.
On September 1st the equal rights
statute went into effect in New York State.
This law forbids discrimination against
any one in any place of public accommo-
dation because of race, creed or color.

In the recent election in San Francisco
the women were the moving force for mu-
nicipal ownership of trolleys. The vote
stood 15,649 to 13,720.
The executive and standing commit-
tees of the International Council of Women
met at The Hague, Holland, May 20th-
27th and presented valuable reports men-
tioned elsewhere in this issue.
The first Turkish women's paper has
been started in Constantinople. It is called
Kadinlar Dunyasi, i. e., The Ladies' World.
At the Conference of Governors which
met this August at Colorado Springs Go,-
ernor Hodge of Kansas and Governoi
Hunt of Arizona both advocated abolition
of the two-house system of legislative gov-
ernment and substitution of a single-cham-
bered legislature, subject to the Initiative,
Referendum and Recall.
The American Bar Association, which
met this year in Montreal on September 1,
2 and 3, listened to the English Chancellor
Haldane and ex-President Taft. The lat-
ter was elected President of the Associa-
tion. Many interesting reports of com-
mittees were made, among others that on
Patents,  Trademarks   and   Copyrights,
which strongly urges the creation of a single
court of last resort in patent cases, so as
to secure unity and harmony In the law,
which it seems is impossible while it is
administered as at present by nine inde-
pendent tribunals.  The Committee on
Uniform Judicial Procedure is conducting
a campaign to bring about a uniform sys-
tem of pleading and procedure on the com-
mon law side of the Federal courts.
Investigation into the charges against
Judge Lindsay of Colorado make it clear
that the attacks upon him were not only
groundless but malicious.
If we are not to have repetitions of dis-
aster on the sea as we have In the case of
factory fires on land, we must hasten the
passage of the Seamen's Bill, which, among
other things, will force vessels to carr)
the proper complement of skilled seamen.
California women are seeing to it that
in every case in court concerning a woman
or child there shall be some woman pres-
The Fourth International Congress on
School Hygiene took up the subject, sex
hygiene, on August 27th. President Eliot
advocated strongly sex study in the schools,
and Rev. Richard J. Tierney injected the
idea of religious or ethical teaching. The
latter element speaks in the title given the
school subject as it is to be introduced in
Chicago, Personal Purity. If the sub-
ject is handled from the positive side, deal-
ing with health Ideals, the results are cal-
culated to be more sane than if the nega-
tive or disease side be emphasized.

The first step of Chicago women in poli-
tics was to help take education out of poli-
tics, when they secured appropriate board
action for the retention of Mrs. Ella Flagg
Young as City Superintendent of Public
Suit has been brought in the Rhode Isl-
and courts by an ex-prisoner to recover
from  prison labor contractors wages for
his labor during Imprisonment. The basis
of the claim is unconstitutionality of the
contract system, which  meas convicts
into  slavery-that  s   w0rk  without
pay. Tbt. sutt i- li) kell by the National
Coniimitted  on  Prison  Labor.  Success
w0rld mean a b.arY' bl.ow 1.o the contract
A woman has rid Cleveland of flies. She
is Jean Dawson, Ph. D., of the department
of biology of the Normal School.
Women took a prominent part in the
recent meeting of the British Association
at Birmingham, England. For the first
time a woman, Miss Ethel Sargent, the
well-known botanist, is President of a sec-
tion, and as many as twenty papers were
presented by women. Mine. Curie, hon-
ored guest, was given an honorary doc-
torate by the University of Birmingham.
On   August  29th   the International
Congress on School Hygiene adopted reso-
lutions to petition Congress for the right
to use Uncle Sam's discarded battleships
as open air schools for tubercular children.
Dayton and Springfield, Ohio, have de-
cided for commission government, with a
trained business manager, for the adminis-
tration of the city's business.
it has fortunately been decided by the
attorney general in New York State that
the Industrial Board may direct the in-
stallation of fireproof stairways in all fac-
tories of less than five stories, under the
general rule. We are not obliged to await
the occurrance of another  Binghamton
The recent New Haven wreck has given
an imeptus to the movement for govern-
ment ownership.



News Items  .......................
Women  Inventors  ..................
Book  Reviews  .....................
Women in Legal Profession ..........
Editorials  ........................
Women Lawyers' Luncheon ..........
Changes in New York Law ............
Marriage and Divorce Laws of the Dis-
trict of Columbia ................
Ringing  in  the New  ................
Women Lawyers' Association ........
Minimum Wage in Oregon ...........
Bureau  of Legislation ...............
Wit and Humor of the Law ..........
The Lustre of Womanhood ...........
Equal Suffrage  ....................
With  the Magazines ................

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