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59 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 2115 (2017-2018)
The Causes and Consequences of Gerrymandering

handle is hein.journals/wmlr59 and id is 2169 raw text is: 









THE CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF GERRYMANDERING


               NICHOLAS 0. STEPHANOPOULOS*


                          ABSTRACT

  In recent years, scholars have made great strides in measuring the
extent of partisan gerrymandering. By and large, though, they have
not yet tried to answer the questions that logically come next: What
are the causes of district plans' partisan skews? And what conse-
quences do these skews have for democratic values? Using a unique
dataset of state house and congressional plans' partisan tilts from
1972 to 2016, this Article addresses precisely these issues. It finds
that single-party control of the redistricting process dramatically
benefits the party in charge, while other mapmaking configurations
have small and inconsistent effects. It also shows that greater Black
representation and greater urbanization have a modest pro-Republi-
can impact, albeit one that fades when Democrats are responsible for
redistricting. It concludes as well that the harm of gerrymandering
is not limited to divergences between parties' seat and vote shares.
The injury extends, rather, to the distortion of the representation that
legislators provide to their constituents.


2115


   * Professor of Law and Herbert and Marjorie Fried Research Scholar, University of
Chicago Law School.

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