6 Woman's J. 1 (1875)

handle is hein.journals/wmjrnl6 and id is 1 raw text is: 
















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VOL. VI.                                                 BOSTON, CHICAGO AND ST. LOUIS, SATURDAY, JANUARY 9 , 1875.                                                                                         NO. 1.


THE WOMAN'S JOURNAL,

  A Weekly Newspaper, published every Saturday in
BoSToN, CiIC.AGO Rd T. LOUIsdevoted to thein-
terests of Woman-to her educational industrial, le-
gsl and political Equality and espeialy to her right
TULIA  WARD   HOWE.........
LUCY  STONE........   ..........EDITORS.
HENRY   B. BLACKWELL   .... ...
T. W. HIGGINSON   ....EDITORIAL CONTRIBUTOR.
MARY   A. LIVERMORE      1
TERus-S2.50 a year, in advance. Single copy 6 cts.
  CLUB RATEs-3  copies one year, $6.0; 10 copies
one year, $20.00.
  Specimen copies sent on receipt of two-cent stamp
for postage.
  For sale, and subscriptions received by Tt NEW
ENGLAND  NEWS  Co., 41 Court St., Boston.

          ADVERTISING RATES.
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  BUSINES  NOTICES, set uniformly In leaded non-
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  All communications for the WOxAN S JOURNAL,
  and all letters relating to its editorial management,
  must be addressed to the Editors of the WOxAN'S
  ATOUINAL.
          NEWSPAPER DECISIONS.
  t. Any person who takes a paper regularly fronm
  the post-ollice-whether directed to his name or an-
  other's, or whether lie has subscribed or not-is re-
  sponsible for the payment.
  2. It a person orders his paper discontinued, he
  must pay all arrearages, or the piublisher may con-
  tinue to send it until payment ismade,andacollectthe
  whole amount, whether the paper ais taken frourthe
  allice or not.
  3. The courts have decided that refusing to take
  newspapers and periodicals from the post-ofice, or
  removing and leaving them uncalled for, lIs prma
  ds evidence of intentional fraud.

               -POETRY.

            For the Woman's Journal.
            PERU ARUTTZ.
          BY HATTIE TYNO  GRISWOLD.
    Oh, pale young priest, whose dreamy eyes
      With more than Rembrandt splendors gleam,
    Standing beneath the tender skies
      Of fair, soft France, dreaming thy dream;
    I gae back at thee, through the years
      Glorious with many a dear-bought fame,
    And nowhere falleth tenderer tears
      Than on the page which bears thy name.
    I see thee in thy youth's first ush,
      Full of the burning dream of fame,
    Longing, adown the breathless hush
      Of coining time, to hear thy name;
    Aglow with all the maddening wine
      Which surges in the veins of youth,
      Drunk with the splendor of the fine
      Grand dreams, thou holdestfor the truth.
      Oh, matchless splendor of the dayst
      Ere yet we have unlearned our dreams;
      How, from the sunset side of life,
      The radiance on them gleams?
      I ee thee standing now amid
      The fragrance of those early hopes,
      While yet, from thy deep eyes, are hid
      Lie's addened western slopes.
      And then I watch thee, while the thought
      Of duty slowly fills thy soul,
      Till, by degrees, thy life is brought
      'Neath its divine control,
      And slowly, sadly, one by one,
      Thy dreams, thy hopes before it fall,
    'Till the one thought-work to be done
      For God and man-is all.
    Across the sea it speeds thy feet,
      Across the trackless western wild,
      Where the rude savage, stern and fleet,
      Lists to the words, so mild
      And gentle, thou dost speak;
      While others perish quick as thought,
      They seem to read, though poor and weak,
      The message thou hast brought.
    Around Superior's pictured rocks
      They gather, listening to thy words,
      While far away the battle's shocks
      Seem to recede, and chords
      Of tenderer feeling softly stir
      Within each dull and savage heart;
    Christ'i nam upon ile page they blur
      With tears from founts which rarely start.
      In lodges of each warlike race
      I see thee welcomed with great cheer,
      And many a stern and sombre face
      Lights up to see thee near.
      Through dates of rivers broad and deep,
      Wisconsin and the turbid Fox,
      Fearless and strong, I see thee leap,
      Adown  each bed of rocks;
      Beside thee stands a trusted friend,
      The stern brave, red with war-paint stains,
      While on each side widely extend
      The savage, unknown lands.
      Portage, and marsh, and sandy bar
      Impeile thy course and bide thy track,
      But onward led, as by a star,
      Thou never lookest back.
      84tely through Mississippi's waves,
      They lead thee on thy goodly quest,
      Dotting the shore along with graves
      Of bravest and of best.
      Oh, journey grand, on unknown trail,
      Aid   a new world's darksome shades,
      This new quest for the Holy Grail,
      Glows like the old crusades?


  Now, by Lake Huron's stony shore,
    They point us to a lonely grave;
  Rudely the inland sea doth roar,
    Wildly the pine trees wave,
  And jagged rocks fiing everywhere,
    Boar scant and somnhre coats of moss;
    No vine, no finwer is swaying there,
    Nought save a moss-grown crss.
    Yet more than sculpturedin monumllient,
    Or flower-strewn grave in Per ia Chaise,
    Is that low mound where he, content
    To rest so, shiines adown the ways
    Of this dull age, and shows us so,
    A man to fill our longing eyes,
    Wherein with saintly raiiance glow
    The beauties of self-sacrifice.

          For time Woman's Journal.
          WATCH AND PRAY.
                                           ti







             BY EVA H. KELLER.
      I will watch with thee, Old Year-
      Lay thy head upon may breast,
      I would soothe thee unto rest.
      Thou hast brought me many a tear;
      Yet I weep to have thee go,
      For thy dear old face I know.
      Fold thy hands and close thine eyes.
      I will pray away thy breath,
      Thou shalt not know 'tiA death.V
      Ah me?  How the sad time flies-
      Lips must learn to say farewell.
      Hands imust plant the asphodel.

      THE   MORAL   OF THE   FABLE.
  It would save us all a great deal of trouble,
my  friend, said once that quaint old preach-
er, Leonard Withington  of Newbury,  Mass.,
if the moral of a fable could only be written
at the beginning of it, instead of at the end.
This I heard him say, more than twenty years
ago, in a Fast  Day  sermon, and there has
hardly been  a month   since which has  not
brought to me some illustrations of this bit of
homely  truth.
  How  constantly we meet people who  wish,
now  that Slavery is abolished, that they had
been original abolitionists. If there is any
circumstance on which they can  rely to con-
nect them with that class, they make the most
of it; if not, they deplore, more or less frank-
ly, the omission. This is because that fable
is finished, and they have read the moral at
the end.  But the fable of Women  Suffrage,
which  is still in process, and where we have.
not yet reached the moral-this is to them by
no means  so interesting. . By and by, if they
live to see this carried, the moral will be clear
to them, and they will wish that they had only
foreseen it.
   Tho life of a reformer has always this inter-
 est, that it divines the moral beforehand, and
 proceeds accordingly. The  risks that other
 people wish they  had taken,  the reformer
 takes; the risk, that is, not of being mobbed
 or persecuted, but of finding that you have
 given your time and life and energy to a toil
 that never came to anything.  What  effort,
 what strength we  are wasting; how   many
 pleasant things we are losing; if Woman Suf-
 frage is never, after all, to be accomplished?
 But this is a part of the moral of the fable.
 By and by, I believe, we-shall see, if we. live
 long enough, that the Woman Suffrage move-
 ment was, all along, just as sure a thing as
 was the  Anti-Slavery movement;   and that
 there is no more question how the fable shall
 come out than there was in that now completed
 reform.
   This confidence is felt, not because this re-
 form is opposed and derided-for  that may
 happen to unwise agitations as well as to wise
 ones,-but because it is more and more plain
 that it is based on the truth, and therefore ir-
 resistible. It is one of the best rewards of
 the reformer that he learns faith in his reform
 from the very fact that he has tested it by
 long labor. People outside always said Why
 are not the Abolitionists tired with a talk that
 must be an old story to them? But we now
 see that it was always a new story; that in-
 stead of Garrison's being obliged to pump his
 brains to fill his weekly Liberator, it was in
 reality always filled for him by the events of
 the week;  the only problem was  to decide
 what to leave out. So in this movement;  a
 man  must be  uncommonly  without brains, I
 should say, who could writesa weekly editorial
 upon it for five complete years, as I have
 done, and not begin to discover whether there
 was  anything in the subject worth writing
 about.  If I have not convinced any one else,
 I have at least convinced myself, through this
 unexpected wealth of material, this inexhaust-
 ible variety of aspects. A susceptible client
 once wept over the plea of his own lawyer in
 court, saying that the ingenious fellow had al-
 most convinced him that his case was a good
 one.  I have long since made a thorough con-
 vert of myself; and that is something.
   There. are few moments, I am  grateful to
 say, when I am not glad of the privilege of
 being a reformer; of having some interest in
 life beyond self-interest, or home interests, or
 that sublime selfishness called ambition, or
even  the purely intellectual pleasure of turn-


ng a sentence neatly. Is it pleasant to be a
conservative?  I never  saw anybody   who  c
seemed heartily to enjoy it. If any one does,
for a time, so much the worse for him, since
that which lie rejoices in conserving will pres-
ently change, in spite of . him, and lie must
give it up in despair. Th cmiservative must
always feel, after all, its 41d the Confederate
army during that last yea. of the war; ready
to fight it through, and p y out the play, but
surely knowing that the Imperturbable Grant
and his legions were waiting. Whereas  the
reformer always  knows that  he plays with
loaded dice, and sooner fr later the victory
will be his; if not in his life time, no matter.
Thefable draws always ne reritsending; then
comes tle moral.
  And even if many details of that for which
the reformer works  should disappoint film,
the truth of his attitude, and the lesson of his
work, are the same  at any rate. Governor
Andrew  said that even 11 John Brown's raid
was wrong, John  Brown  himself was  right.
We  have no fear that our cause is wrong, but,
if it is, let us be personoly right in tihe way
we urge it. And above  ill things, do not let
us urge it with any  expectations of being
personally canonized for our share in the good
work.  Canonization comes to very few. The
largest reform is hardly large enough to fur-
nish more than one or two permanent names
to history. What  wealti, what work,  what
intellect were brought to bear on the Eman-
cipation Cause in England: yq all its names,
except those of Clarkson and Wilberforce, are
forgotten?   h'le vast conulsion of the Anti-
Corn-Law  League   in England has only left
Cobden  and Bright famous; all other names
have  disappeared. A  century hence, when
men  refer to the Anti-Slavery agitation, they
will recall Garrison and Phillips, Whittier and
John Brown;-perhaps   not all of these. Em-
erson says What  forests of laurel we bring
and the tears of mankind, to those who have
stood firm against the opinions of their con-
temporaries, but in the (ase of nearly every
reformer there must be a great deal of stand-
ing firm and a very little laurel. Yet to work
long years for a good causg ud see it succeed;
to toil patiently through t'e long fable and
at last see the moral written so that all may
read;  what, more, need a ornerous nature ask
than this?                       T. W. H.

    XIS.  ROWLAND'S YLAG POE       S.
    EDIToRs WOMAN'S  JonaAL:-A.   W.  M. is
 correct In ascribing th% anonymous  verses
 called Rest in Quiet I burs, to Mrs. How-
 land, and they had originally no title; but the
 one entitled by the authoess, In the Hospi-
 tal, begins thus:
       Not disabled from the service;
       No,  nor absent from your-post;
       You  are doilg gallant duty
       Where  the Mster needs you most.
   I have in my possession, with other poems
 by Mrs.  Howland,  these two, which  were
 written during the. last year ot the war, and
 printed on separate shees for distribution in
 the hospitals. They were  called her Flag
 Poems,  because half of each page was dec-
 orated with our national flag in colors.
   The line
        These stripes no lees than stars,
 was thus emphasized to the sick soldier's mind.
   One of these printed pipers may have been
 found under the pillow ot a dead soldier, and
 may  have originated th4 story that he com-
 posed the verses.                  N. H.
   Boston, Dec. 28, 1874.

   AROTEI         SAZ       LACEWULL.
   EDITRoS   WOMAN'S    OURNAL:  - Looking
 over the library of the v. Wm. Ellery Chan-
 ning, D. D., lately, I  e upon'a  beautiful
 folio volume of colored ngravings of plants.
 The work testified to th skill and energy dis-
 played by a woman,  a c ntury and a quarter
 ago.  It also showed tha Dr. Elizabeth Black-
 well of New York  was  ot the first to honor
 the name.
   For these  wo   reado   1 I copied what I
 thought might interest ,ou, if you have not
 seen the work.     Yo  re truly,
                        tAtty F. EASTMAN.


  Tewksbury, Moss.
           A CUIOUS
     are now usedl Inthe I
Engraved on folio Coppe
             taken froa.
             ElizabethI
                  Lod
Printed for John Nourse,
          Katherine8  
                   ia~5


IERBAL.
Oet ueful plants which
Pltes, after Drawings
ie Life,
makwell.
a.
at the Lamb, opposie
the Strand.


Alexander   Blacwell  on of Thomas Black-
well, first Minister of Paley, removed in 1700
to Abirdeen, where, I   1717, he .was made
Principal of Mardechal olege.   He married
Eliabeth, daughter of   wealthy  merchant.
     . He wasted his wffe's fortuneby a reek-
less absence of three years on the continent.
. . . . His wife undetc k the publication of
a medical botany.  Shtnot  only drew the i-


ustrations, but engraved themn on copper and
colored the proofs with her own hands. . . . .
The  most  eminent persons visited ier at
Chelsea, and after she had satisfied her lihe- r
band's creditors, lie was treated with consid-
'ration for her sake. The College of Physi- i
ians gave her a handsome present and a tes-
tinionial. . . . Ie, (Mr. B.,) was appointed 11
King's physician, and his wife was just upon V
the point of going to him withi her child, when
she received the dreadful news of his execu-
tion on the charge of high treason. . . .
Conmiersen,  the botanist, dedicated to her
the genus of  plants, 'Blackwellia,' in the
Isle of France.
ier  work was reproduced in Gerniany, pub
lisied at Nuremberg, I vols., folio, 00 plates.
At Leipsic, in'17), it was publishied !imi vo.A
Tie   descriptions of plants And of their I
nedicinal qualities Are sometimes very qpuint. i
it  is Safi] of 'Sweet Cicily, this plalnt Is
ftenm eten as it salad, beiug much of the smalne
ature  ats chvrl, consisting of hot and thinC
parts, being good for cold, windly stoachs.
Aloes-very   beneficial to cld, moit con-
titmtions.
Apples-amoang those accounted hest   for
edialinal use are the 1'armain nd Pippin.
Apples aire accountel oriial And clearing to
the spirits and driving away melancholy
Trie above sketch ws  compiled front ncy-
clopedias. .

   WOMAN'SI  RIGHTS   IN POMERAIA.
   Imi a letter on Technical Triing for WeT-
men, in Pomerania, i  te  ''V'ene lahno,
the following interesting statements fire made:
  The daughter of tie widow of an element-
ry school-mater learned te hardware bu iness,I
esialiJied With ier savings a Small Shop in
a central Prussian city, .married at twent.-
eight, and[ still carries on a large busiess mm
the  ame place.  With  her husbad's  help
she manages hier work, with tie aid of a houe-
keeper, cook and nurse. Another lady, a wid-
ow, carries on tier husband's leather bui-
ness, mind lives with her children, who attend
a h iger glrla school. Another, te daughter
of honest traes people, learned the lace trade
in Berlin, saved a few hundred thlrs, and,
at th~e age of twenty-five, married a young
merchant, who had saved about the sane sueI
She Is now a widow, and carries on an exten-
sive business, living in very comfortable cir-
cumstances.  Anoter,  left with ier children
'without iean  of support at her husband's
death, having learned millinery in hier youth,
now supports herself and hier family by a mul-
fliary business, her ons attending gymnn-
siumb.
    WOMEN AS DECORATIVE ARTIT.
  I do iot propo e to asre the vexed ques-
  tion of political economy, concerning thede-
gree to which luxury Is justified by tsdistri-
bution of capital among laborers, but it seems
very clear that there can be no reason to de-
plore the free or even lavish expenditures of
the wealthy for objects which are not In them-
selves-pernicious. It hs  beelone  prtion-
stty  gratifying incident of the passion for
decoration in tis country, that it has been the
means  of opening to women beautiful and con-
genial employment..
  Miss Jekyl, who was one of the first to take
up this kind of work, attracted the attention
of Mr. Leighto, Mada 1me Bodiclon, Aid other
artists, by her highly artistic embroidery, and
has since extended her work to reptuse or orna-
mentalboveasswork-eapecolly  scones -and
many  other things, Shedhasie.hear, acquired
not only distinction but wealth by her kill,
some  speclimens of which are exhibited In the
International Exhibition at South Kensington
te  year.  There-4o   may be .en  the work
of tholier ladies who bs followed in her foot-
steps, sonmc of the finest behmlif'bys Miss Leli,
a relative of the celebted artist of that nmens.
Indeed,  there  rasv now beeastallshed in
Sloane Street, a school for embroidery, which
has succeeded In teaching and giving employ-
ment  to a number  of gentlewomen who  had
been reduced in crcumtafices.  Miss Phulot,
whose  paintings have often graced the walls
of exhibitions, and have gained the Interest of
Mr.  Ruskin, has of late been painting beauti-
ful figures and flowers on plaques, which, when
the colors are burned in by Minton, make or-
aments   that are eagerly sought for. A Mise
Coleman  has alsop ained great eminence for
this kind of work.   Miss udvin, the young
daughter  of a well-known artist, has displayed
much kill   in deigning and  painting pts,
plates, et., with Greek or Pompean  figure.
Many   of these ladies have begun by under-
taking  such work as this for personal friend,
but  have pretty generally found that the circle
of  those who desire such things is very large,
and  that their art s held in Increasing esteem
among  cultivated People. It is even probable
that  the old plan which our reat-radmoth-
e  id  of learning embroidery will be revived
imore   important form, land, with the paint-
Ing  of  hina, be taught as something more
than  the        ereompi ainent It wnasonce thought.
-Momcufe D. CNWAY, in shaRpeiaragaZiNes
fir lNvesiber.'  It   h


    CONCERNING WOMEN.
 JEAN Inmustow has written a new serial sto-
y, entitled, Fated to be Free.
Mns.  EDNAn  ). CuNAw   lectured last week,
n the Woman's Club course, on Art,
Miss  Tuomeno'N,  of Roll Call renown,
as been elected a member of the Institute of
Painters in Water Colors.
Miss  CARRIE  CmaK,  daughter of Henry S.
Clark, lately deceased, has been appointed ex-
press agent in Northampton, Mass.
Mus.  1). B. CLARK, mother of Grace Green-
wood, died Monday  in Dowagiac,  Mich., at
lhe residence of her son, J. B. Clark.
Mmss   CanissA  JoEN8ToN, sister of the late
Albert Sydney  Johnston, now  quite old, is
helpless and speechless from paralysis, and Is
n want.
Mas.  ANNIE  MixsELL of Orange, N. J., hag
necepted an engagement  as soprauno in, Dr.
Conkling's choir, New York, at a salary of
$1,000 per annutin,
Mns.   Rouser,  a young woman  even  more
beautiful and more given to wardrobes and
jewelry than Mirs. Scott-Sidone or Adelaide
Neilson, has arrived from England to star it
on the American stage.
  Ms.  DANIXmo  S. Rw1CnAnMoN   of Lowell,
Mass., was appointed a imember of the Board
of Trustees of the State Induastrial School for
girls at Lancaster, at the meeting of the Gov-
ernor's Council last week.
  Miss NANr   MONE.,   of St. Johns, gradu-
ated at a medical institute in New York, and
is now Superintendent of a large hospital at
Lucknow,  India, at a salary of $5,000 per
year, and all expenses paid,
  Mas. MARy   WI1rMAN  Ennr,  wife of Dea.
Morton  Eddy,  of Fall  River, and  widely
known  as the successor of Mary Lyon In the
principalship of Mt. Holyoke Semnary, died
on the 6th ult., aged sixty-six years.
  Ms.   HAseTwos, the sister of Charles Sm-
mner, has sent from San Francisco to Wendell
Phillips, one of her brother's large Hungari.
an glass pitchrm. -It is of very peallar fori
bears a Dutch cost of arms, shd is probably
more  than a  imtrold.
  Ma.  IssAOLLA M.  ALDax,  the wife of te
Presbyterian pastor at New Hartford, N. YT
has written a number  of  stories for you
folks under  the nom de planme of Pansy.'
They   have had a  wide circulation. She is
buit a little past thirty, and likely to make a
still larger mark in literature. -
   MRs.  H. G. JACKoN   was  nominated  for
 School Committee in Ward  one, Boston, on
 the Horticultural Hall citihu's ticket, In ad.
 dition to the names already published by us,
 and received four hundred votes. She is an
 excellent woman for the place, and the friends
 of the movement hope to elect her next year.
   Mas.  Gov.  Bikorir, and  Mas.  RwAno
 HAwrLU have each subscribed $1000 for
 the erection of a building for a Womans
 Hospital and Foundltgs' Home, in Detroit, on
 the lot recently purchased by the managrA
 of that institution, and it is hoped tbat the t.
 tal amount necessary ($0,000) may be raised
 for that purpose.
   Mas. Lrrixcore   of Washington,  so  well
 known   as Grace  GreenwoodV'   I  at the
 Haynes  Hotel, Springfield, Mass., op a visit to
 her sister, the wife of Rev. Mr. Mayo. Be*.
 fore the season passes, it her health, always.
 uncertain, permits, she will resume those illus..
 trated public readings and rieltations which
 she and ier associate, Mrs. Joseph A., the
 artist, have made so sigularlynsuaceasalana
 attractive.
   Mas. D. CAEaaLAi, an old resident of
 Westborough,  Ma li, was one of the original
 band of misslonarles'hat went to the Hawa-
 flan Islands fifty-five years ago, when the
 inhabitants were savages. Mrs. Chamberlain
 is In her eighty-eighth year, and she retains
 her mental faculties to a remarkable degmee
 She speaks the Hawaiian tongue fmenily  A
 Invitation to visit Westborough has been ox-
 tended to the  King Kalakaus  to meet  this
 aged lady.
   Mss  JawwiS WoRTNoroxof New Orleas
 principal of the High' School, protested ear-
 neptly against the expulsion of her colred
 scholars. -8She declared her inability to UIe
 her scholars and do so mean a thing, saying,
 How, can I order that bright-eye  tafl
 low never to return to this seI    nting
 to an Intelligent looking boy   wve  yes
 of age, who was one of her s f adbest
 scholars. The  superinto   t    e    her
 the epabarrasamen1t. Th 0it  e felo   wL
 tears in his eyes, be    remain. Agsi
 and  again he walked b   to his seat, hugged
 his bpoks tightly, and wpt  as if his little
 heart would break,


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