4 Woman's J. 1 (1873)

handle is hein.journals/wmjrnl4 and id is 1 raw text is: 







CIS


BOSTON, CHICAGO AND ST. LOUIS, SATURDAY, JANUARY 4, 1873.


THE WOMAN'S JOURNAL,
                   _AN-
   THE WOMAN'S ADVOCATE,
       CONSOLIDATED AUGUST 18, 1870.
 A Weekly Newspaper, publishled every Saturday in
 BosTox and CmCAo,  devoted to the faterest, ofWo-
 man, to her educational, Industrial, legal and political
 Squality, and especially to her right of Smntkage.
 JULIA WARD   HOWE.......-.....
 LUCY STON-F    --ci --i-i-------   EDITORS.
 HENRY   iB. BLtACWELL-----------a..
 T. W. HIGGINS(N  ........--.......
 MARY  A. LVEltORE, Coau'sroNeo ErrITO.
 TERMS-2.50  a year, in advance. Single copy, 6
 cents.
 CLUa   RATES-3  Copies, One year, 84'.W ; 10 cop.
 leS, one year, 820.00.
 Speolmen  coplqs sent on receipt of two-cent stam
 for postage.
 For  sale and authorptons received by TaE Nw
 ENeA     Nws   Co., 41 Court street, Boston.
 RATES   OF  ADVERTISING-One square   of eight
 lines, first isertion, $1.00; subsequent insertion, 0
 cents. Baustness noticea 20 cents per Hue. The price
 for advertising is uniform and inexible.
 BOSTON  OFFICE-8  Tremnt Place, rear of Treaont
 House and wceond door from Becon street.
 Philadelphia, Itooms of the Pennsylvania Society,
 700 Arch street.
 All  communications for thie WorAx's JOURNAL.,
 and all letters relating to Its editorial managenmem,
 must be addressed to the Editors of the WOMAN'S
 JOURNAL.
 Letters containing remittances, and relating to the
 businessi department of the paper, must be addressed
 to Box 429, Boston.
          NEWSPAPER DECISIONS.
  1. Any  person who takes a paper regularly from
thepOetotIlee-whether directed to lis name or anoth-
er's, or whether he las subscribed or not-is responsi-
ble for the payment.
  2. If a nerson orders his paper discontinued, he
  must pay all arrearages, or the publisher mar contin-
  ue to send it until payment is made, and collect the
  whole amount, whether the paper is taken from the
  office or not.
  8. The courts have decided that reflsing to take
  newspapers and periodicals from the postoice, or re-
  moving and leaving them uncalled for, Is primaflce
evidence of Intentional frand.

               P6ETRY.

          [For the WOxAN'S JoUNAL.)
                  ....O....
            BY SELWYN   L. STELLIS.
       She said, I'm but a cipher here;
         Yet faithful toiled she on,
       Unknown, still blessing everywhere,
       Till her three score years were gone.
       nBut when shall dawn the perfect light,
         And the record Is unrolled,
       We'll read her cipher at the right,
       Making  our age tenfold.
          (For the WOMAN'S JoURNAL.]
      FOR   A' THAT   AND  A' THAT.
 ADAPTED  PROM  BURNS, BY SELWYN  L. STELLIS.
   Ye may open to Womami broader fields HIL
   Of  science, and art, and a' that,
   And  he may take what their harvest yields,
     Yet true Woman be for'a' that.   .d
  .For a' that and a' that         5g    87
     Culture of mind and a' that;]  iggg
bLKnowing   cannot unfit her for duty and love,
     The Woman  shines out for a' that.
   Will the wood-bird change to a groveling beast
     If its wire cage opened be?
   AhI  the impulse hid in Woman's breast
     Will be lovelier thr when free.
   She may look beyond to her country's weal-
     Her nation, her flag, and a' that,
   Even drop her wish in the ballot-box,
   Yeta Woman  be for a' that.
   What  comes from without ne'er defiled a man,
     Nor a Woman yet, thank God!
   And oft she has walked thromgh the mire ofain,
     Her garments unstained by the clod.
   Leave her free for her God-given powers,
     E'en to speak, and Vote, and a' that;
  Her  sphere is but her room to work,-
    The  Woman's herself for a' that.

          [For the WOMAN'S JOUsAL.]
                SHIPWRECE.
           HATTIE TYNG  GRIWOLD.
       I stand on a desolate coast,
       There's a storm abroad on the deep.
       Each wave isa sheeted ghost,
       And   as blindly onward they leap,
       They fright, each the other, until
       The  night is white with their sweep.
       I watch on a desolate coost,
         Far out on this desolate sea,
       Three children, the life of my life,
       Are  floating to death, or to me.
       To my warm, loving arms, as to death,
       On  this desolate, desolate sea.
       Would God I were with them afloat;
         'Twere surely a happier ate,
       'Mid the blackness of breakers, that 'whelm,
       To  stand than thus, to await
       On the shore, the terrible stroke
       ,Whch   gives the stanch ship to her tte.
       0 se! that doth threaten and strike,
       O  storm! that in madness doth roar,
       'Can God be-abroad in your wrath?
         He smilesin the flowers on the shore-
       But oht can he thraten and strike,
         In your terrible rumble and roar?
               *  * *0   **
       A bark Is driving on the beach!
         I hear the cry of shuddering souls!
       The long, long, helpless, hopeless cry,
         That long as ocean roars and rolls,
       Will fill and thrill my being still,
         The weird, wild shrekof shipwrecked souls.

                COE0OO.
   In the JouNaxL  of Deceaber14,  for Otter-
 brin University, read, Otterbein. I knoW my
 pen is a bit of a goose, but I did not know it
 was silly enough to make an a look like r.
                                    X. X. C.


I


        A  NEW YEA'S OEETING.
   It Is now  three years  since  the present
 writer began his weekly editorials in the Wo-
 MAN's   JOURNAL.    During  this time  there
 has been no break in the series, except duting
 a few weeks of his  brief European  trip, and
 on one  or two occasions, when be  has been
 crowded out.  Every  regular conributor, who
 has been alloWed his full swing thus long, ac-
 quires a certain constituency of his own, in-
 side the larger body of subscribers. le  hits.
 gradually found those who see things, to some
 exteat, as he sees them;  or who  chance  to
 feel ana interst in his special point of view,
 and thus acquire the habit of turning first to
 his particular column, just as other  people
 form  the practice of turning away  from  it.
 This shows the ue  of employing  a variety of
 hands on a newspaper;  in time  you have  as
 many  separate constituencies as you have ed-
 itoral writers. And  it is pleasant, a least
 once a year, to turn from that general pursuit
 of usefulness, which is supposed to be the aim
 of all, and to gossip a little with one's own
 particular readers.
   When  I began  these weekly editorials, the
 thing seemed a dangerous experiment.   I had
 done a good deal of irregular editorial writing
 before, but to furnish a column  a wck,  on
 one subject, seemed altogether too much like
 sernaon-writing to be agreeable. I looked for-
 ward, with misgiving, to a future conscious-
 ness of gradual dilution and repetition, with
 much  weary  pumping  of the brain. In  jus-
 tice to the cause we are advocating. I ought to
 say how entirely my fears have been dispelled.
 How  much   fatigue other  people may  have
 found  in this column  of mine-whether I
 have not proved to be only, as the epitaph in
 the old Watertown  grave-yard says, a pious
 and painful preacher-it is not for me to de-
 cide. But.that I have found the task infinite-
 ly easier than I had expected, it is safe to de-
 clare.  Honestly, I can  remember   but one
 week,  in the  whole hundred   and  fifty-six,
 when I found  myself  casting about  wearily
 for something to say. That was  at mid-sum-
 mer, I remember,  and  probably I was tired,
 or stupid, or hot. At evjyother   time, the
 thoughts have come  to me, eagerly asking to
 be uttered; and there has almost always been
 an accumulation  of two   or three trains of
 thought, each waiting for its turn.
 Is  not this an Irresistible proof of the fresh-
 ness and inexhaustibleness of the subject? If
 the proof convinces nobody else, It has con-
 vinced me.  It has given that test, for which
 every reformer sometimes longs, by which he
 may determine  whether he Is, or is not, wast-
 ing his efforts on a trifle. Let no man quit
 his belief that a pop-gun is a pop-gun, says
 Emerson, though  the most ancient and hon-
 orable of the earth should affirm it to be the
 crack of doom.  But that a man  of average
 sense can blow the trumpet, blow, as dear
oik John Brown   used to sing, every week for
three years, without finding out whether It Is
a pop-gun or not-this  I utterly refuse to be-
lieve. In the spontaneous effort to give some
variety to one's notes-for one's own  sake if
not for other people's-the whole range of the
instrument Is tested, just as surely as when
the same man  plays under your window  every
morning,  with the same hand-organ.
  The  depth, the variety, the ramifications of
the movement   for Woman's  equality, are thus
best shown,  by  writing at regular Intervals
about it. And  I am  glad to testify, also, that
I have thus proved  the body of its advocates
to be anything but a collection of reckless or
egotistical agitators. For surely I may  ap-
peid to this whole series of articles, to show
that  it is not needful to flatter or to cajole
this class of radicals, but that they are best to
be dealt with by speaking  plain truth. If I
have criticized men, I have also criticized wo-
men, frankly, if not wisely. If I have claimed
for women   equality, education, wages,  suf-
frage, I have also tried to point out the defi.
ciencies of women's   work, and  the way in
which   the deficiencies gave an  excuse  for
men's  injustice. Believing, heart and soul, in
the motto  which  a woman   first gave to the
anti-slavery movement:  Immediate,   uncon-
ditional emancipation, I also believe that wo.
men  can make  even the delay of justice into
a kind of blessing, if they use the Interval so
energetically that, when suffrage is ready for
them,  they shall be fit for it. Besides what
others can  do for them, there is a great deal
that  they  must do  for  themselves.  Thus
frankly  reasoning, I have slways found  wo
men   ready  to hear,  and  have  thoroughly
proved  that what   they really desire is not
flattery, but justice.
   As a matter  of truth, also, I wish to say
that  neither I, nor any man, can  assume  to
instruct in this movement;   for the 'essential
head  and  leadership of  it must  always be
sought among   women  themselves.   But for a
few  resolute and unwearied women-perhaps
it would be more correct to say, but for one-


this JOURAL would never have existed, nor
should  I have had  this opportunity. And  if
the  vagaries and  excesses of a few  women
have   not  produced  a  temporary  re-action
against the whole movement,  ere now, it is be-
cause it had, besides a basis of eternal prin-
ciple to rest upon, an essentially right-mind-
ed  and  sensible body of women,  to  do the
work.
   I feel especially grateful to such of these wo-
 men  as have  written to me,  from  time to
 time, either to approve or to criticize what I
 have said. An  editorial writer has to guard
 against some  of the same dangers that beset
 the clergy. He  may  be hammering   away at
 his text, while those Who should be his hear-
 ers are asleep. Or, worse, he may   use the
 same sophistry over and over again, for want
 of somebody  to contradict him.  The  more
 letters I have from admiring   or indignant
 readers, the better I like it-so long as they
 need only be answered   in print. To  know
 that each column has one reader is an exceed-
 ing great reward. One   readerI it is a great
 deal to be sure of. Besides-thus subtle and
 suggestive is vanity in the editorial breast-
 where there is one reader there may be many
 more, and  thus  a  great encouragement   is
 opened.  It says In Mather's Magnolia that
 Arius promoted his heresies by first convert-
 ing seven hundred virgins thereto. If I could
 convert the more than seven hundred women
 who read this JOURNAL,  to a hearty faith in
 its doctrines, I should think the work of the
 New  Year  well  done, and  its best wishes
 more than fulfilled.            T. W.  n.

          WHAT DOES IT MEAN I
  The  Springfield Republican believes in Wo.
man  Suffiage-anrthe Millennium. Any at-
tempt  to enfranchise women  in our own  day'
and  generation it calls pettifogging trickery.
The  Federal Constitution expressly provides
that Congress shall make all needful rules and
regulations for the Territories. But  when
Hon.  Henry Wilson  introduces a bill to let wo-
men  vote and  hold office in the Territories,
and  the Senate Judiciary  Committee  report
adversely, here is the comment of the Spring-
field Republican:-
  Woman Sflrage has received a fresh  snub
at the hands of Congress.  We are heartily glad
of it, and hope it may be sanctified to the good
of a noble but sadly mismanaged   cause.  In
reporting adversely upon the bill to let women
vote and hold office in the Territories, Judge
Edmunds   remarked  that the settlement of a
great question of this sort belonged to the peo-
ple and not to Congress, and that neithey the
people of the Territories, nor any considera-
ble number  of American  women,  had  indica-
ted a desire for the proposed legislation. For
once, the Republican cordially agrees with Judge
Edmunds. Believing   in Woman   Suffrageand
expecting, in good time, to see it grafted upon
our  political system with the intelligent ap-
proval of the majority of our people and by
their spontaneous   act, the  Republican, for
one, has no sympathy  with these attempts to
pluck  unripe fruit, - to win by pettifogging
trickery and snap-judgments.
  If this bill had been itroduced by Charles
Sumner  or Lyman   Trumbull, we should  have
heard nothing of snap-judgments.


              IT W   A    V.

  I would like to say a few words in answer
to the question, Was I  Brave?  lrbich was
propounded  by Selwyn  L. Stellis in the Wo-
MAN's  JOURNAL   of Dec.  21st. Yankee-like,
I will begin my reply with an interrogation.
  Was  it false heroism and a zeal, not accord-
ing to knowledge, whih  actuated the authors
of the Boston Tea Party, the signers of the
Declaration of Indepenilence, the patriot boys
of '76, the defiant oppnents of the Fugitive
Slave Law, the fearless hanagers of the Un-
derground  Rallroad, and other high-minded
individuals and  bodlei of men, both of this
country and of foreign lands, who have dared
to do right, all the laWO and the lawmakers to
the contrary notwithstanding?  Our  honored
and noble forefathers took, not the kingdoni
of heaven,'mut the kingdom  of America by
violence.   They  were  daring, and  they
were  brave.
  Their deeds were fa  more opposed, both to
the letter and the spirit of the laws, than was
thevoting of these resolute women;   but did
their Illegal and rebellious acts bring oppro-
brium rather than honor to the cause?  Ask
HistoryI and  the proud answer, NoI  rings
down  through the past and on into the Ages of
the future. Their deeds partook of the nobili-
ty of true manhood, and equally did the actions
of Miss Anthony  and her sisters savor of the
gracefulness of true womanhood.
  There  is a higher court than those degraded
ones of New  York.  It is the court of absolute
and  impartial justice; and at the bar of this
court will these women  be tried. There  is a
higher  law  than  the law  of the Empire
State, even that whch  was proclaimed by one
of her greatest sons, It is the law of religion


Digitized  from  Best   Copy   Available


VOL. IV.


jon


reason  and  right; and by this law will these
women   be judged.  .
  Their  action is a portent of political reform
  through Woman's   advent.  They desired to
  exercise not only their man-given privileges,
  but their natural and inherent rights as well;
  and, with this purpose in view, being filled
  with a high sense of their duty to themselves,
  their fellow-creatures, and their Maker, they
  marched up to the polls and deposited their
  ballots. It was an ac worthy to be recorded
  by a Horner, a Virgil, or a Milton; and the
  names of the actors may standl ndiumned by
  the side of the most illustrious un our na-
  tion's scroll of fame.
  What   shall we say of the Vigilance Com-
  iittees of San Francisco? Did they do right?
  We must believe that they did, for the whole
country lauded their efforts; and yet they act.
ed in direct opposiLion to the commands of gov-
erunment officials, the judgments of the courts,
and  the laws of the city and the State. Can it
be  unlovely to do what is right?
   We  have no reason to think that women, as
 a body, will disobey the laws which they shall
 help to make.  These women   were permitted
 to vote by persons appointed by the State to
 superintend such affliirs. But, suppose that
 their requests had been denied, and that, in
 spite of all opposition, they had deposited
 their ballots in the boxes ofthe male persua-
 saon; what then?   Would   they have  been
 guilty of any crime or misdemeanor? How
 could they be guilty? The Declaration of In-
 dependence  says  that governments  derive
 theirjustpowers from the consent of the gov
 erned.  The  women   of  this country have
 never given their consent to the laws thereof,
 and they are not bound to obey them. If Jeffer-
 son's Sublime wordd be true, the jurymen that
 condemn  a woman   to death, the Judge that
 pronounces the sentence, the hangman   that
 adjusts the fatal noose, age all guilty of mur-
 der.
   No  obligation rests upon  the women   of
 America to obey any of our laws, except those
 which have  been copied from the Holy Scrip.
 tures, n'r these, indeed, because they are the
 laws of the State, but because they are the
 laws of God. But  the women  do  not intend
 to disobey the laws, not even  those which
 men have unjustly made  for them.  They are
 naturally too peaceable to make such an  at-
 tempt.  I do not believe that Miss Anthony
 and her patriotic compeers intended to be dis-
 obedient. They  have surely brought no dis-
 grace upon the Woman   Movement,   neither,
 in my opinion, have  they retarded its pro-
 gress.
 If  we Interpret the Constitutions of the na-
tion and the varous States by the spirit, rather
than by the letter, there wil be no more trouble
about Woman Suffrage, They contain some
of the grandest maxims and the noblest words
that were ever uttered. The insertion of the
word  male  in subsequent portions of these
documents,  is a direct contradiction of what
has been  said before. How shall  they be in-
terpreted ? By  the spirit, or by the letter? It
is not an established principle of our Repub.
ic that the majority rule. Or, if it be true,
it Is about time for the principle to be put
into practice. When  have the majority ruled,
and  what  laws have they ever made  in this
country?
   If a person were imprisoned unjustly, he
would  certainly have a right to escape without
regard to the jailor; and if the jailor should
throw  open  the door  for him, the prisiit
would, I think, be very apt to walk ot.  Al.*1
though  desiring a full and opyn   dq u*1
yet, if this boon were denied,ter*   9j f
who  would  prefer to die in d     *lA   Ai
having made  women   wait for nely  plx.thou
sand years, it is rather ungracious totaqdep,
to be patient now.   Let the  womn  c  '411i i
countr) demand,  and, as far as possible, embr-*'
else their rights, even as our forefathers did
theirs, and happy realization will soon take the
place of weary patience.    M. 8. WILSON.4

               CO-EDUCATIO.
  Prof. Hosmer, of Antioch College, in Old and
New,  sets forith his views upon a subject now
open for considerable discussion. He says:-
  I am sure that young men and women  study
better for being brought together Inbrecitation;
there is an honorable emulation, a natural in-
centive in each to do the best. Neither would
seem  to the other dull or incapable; the young
women   would show that they can do well even
in philosophy  and  mathematics;   and   the
young  men must  look to their laurels. Then
In regard to the spirit and tone of life. I am
sure at is better for the presence of both sexes;
roughness is repressed, and thought and feel-
fug are purer, gentler and more humane.  No
doubt there must be vigilant supervision and
limits to familiarity; some indiscretion must
be expected and provided for; the sober ma-
turities of autumn arc not to be  looked for
amidst  the buds and  flowers 9f spring, but
with a careful supervision we have had ve
few willfuldeparturesfrompropriety. Throu
these result I have come to strong faith in the


  co-education of thae sexes. Inadeed, whaat in-
  fidelitv to donht It I God haas placed sons and
  daiaghters l the same homes  to be  brought
  up; and men  anal women are made to live to-
  gethaer in the worldl. Who May  presume  to
  say that, from sixteen to twenty-five years cf
  age, thc most formative period of human lie,
  the young men anl young  women  must besp-
  arated, ecome monaks andl nuns in their school-
  time, and then revive, as best they can, their
  thwarted, smothered sympathies I


         CONCERNING WOMEN.

   A  lad' Is preparing to occupy the pulpit in
 one of the  Orthodox  churches of Salt Lake
 City.
   Miss Kellogg  will write her autobiography,
 giving, wihout varnish, thle inside history of
 stage life.
   A  female pharmaceutist,  Miss S. M. HIar-
 dinag, las beea )appointed Dispenser to the Hos.
 pital for Wooaen, at Birmingham, England.
   The  Marchlioness of Lorne has been elected
 President of the British'National Union  for
 improving the education of Women.
   A woman   lately died at. Newburyport who
 was one of the choir of girls who greeted Gen.
 Washilngton with  a sonag, on his entrance to
 Newburyport.
   Catharine Hanlon,  at Liverpool, stabbed a
 boy, who stole an apple from  her stand, and
 he has  since died.. As she Is poor and does
 not live in New York, she is likely to be held
 responsible.
   Marie  Antoinette's  work-table has  been
 placed In the Louvre.  The Empress  Eugenie
 bought it at a sale some years ago for 8000,
 and it was fortunately saved from the Tullerles
 before the fire.
   Mrs.  Doreas  Rice of  Jeffrey, whose one
 hundred and  third birthday was celebrated the
 other day by. a grand ball, still walks about the
 house, makes  her own  bed, reads her Bble,
 and converses as readily as for years.
   Mrs. J. Barnes has presented to the  Wee
 loyan University, at Middletown,  Conn., the
 valuable law library of Jonathan Barnes, who
 died in 1801. For thirty years he was a trua
 tee of the University.
   The New  York  Evening Ma1l describes 3Mrs
 Hret leeber Stowe'sreading as a happy
 success. The early-haired, merry-eyed auth
 oress now and then dropped her eyeglasses to
 enjoy the hearty laugh with whichbshe Infeted
 her audience.
   A monument   to the Intrepid Hannah  Aus.
 tin, who killed nine Indians and thus effected
 her escape from savage captivity, is to be erect-
 ed at the scene of her expli, at the junction
 of the Con toocook and Pemliewaaett  rivers,
 In New Hampshire.
   Madame   Ruderadorf,  the  oratorio singer,
 hu  some  literary as well as musical repute
 abroad, anid occasionally contributes to the
 press here. She  is, moreover, a verycharitl
 able lady, and gave in Boston, concertsfor the
 beneit of the working-girls who suffered from
 the great fire.
   Mrs. Sarah W.  Lander, a sisteriof the late
 General Lander,  died a ter daysi sine at Sa-
 lem, Mass.  She had lie  literary ability and
 taste, particularly in juvenile literature. Of
 her series of sketches of foreign countries, pub.
 lished under the title of Spectacles for young
 Eyes, some 85,000 copies have been sold
   It Is estimated that In England, more than
 p0,nfants   are every year suffocatedlbytheir
 *fpoinprs, who have them with  thes, in e4.
 1Inml'vgs. there is a law which prohibit. par-
,ents hivng'children under two  years in aem
,A*ishem,   the result being that lasty   of
stgkpA   on of infants are very rare there.
  Mdie Ocker-Boulacre, who died, atfew
.I9d  aittet 'at Geneva, and who was falmed for
)e  sijednce, has left bequests to the
amount  of 155,000franes  Amongotbars,   one
of  40,000 francs to the Bureau desFamiles
one  of 10,000 francs to the National 1t10W
and  one of 25,000 fanes to the Can
pital.
   A Russian lady, who desires to    Y-
 mous, but is rumored to be still    sig
 and a native of Sibera,  has t      80,00
 roublesafor a medical course forladles, to b
 given at the Imperial College of Physiolas.m
 The course is to be one of four yeart'dara.
 tion. The threat from  Zurich no  loegerto
 admit  the unprepared   Rusianift  proves,
 thereby, a wind that blows soeody some
 good.
 The   second annual  reception gives to the
 ladies, by theNew England Sooltytookplace
 at Delmonico's, In New York, Iast'week. Tie
 rooms were crowded  at 10 o'loekpheamdso-
 Ing commenced.  At  11 o'clock a repast was
 partaken of, after which the daning was sns-
 tinned until a late hour. Thus the Newing.
 land Society admit women toeatig, drinking
 and dancing, but do not yet admit  them to
 the feast of reason and the ow of sou

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