36 Women's J. 1 (1905)

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    Vol. XXXVI.



 The Woman's Journal
        FOUNDED BY LUCY STONE.
 XA LYEEJL  NEWSPAPER, published EVERty
 SAT   Av in Boston, devoted to the Interests
         ian-to her Educational, Industrial,
         and Political Equality, and espe-
         y to her Right of Suffrage.
           the Post Office, Boston, Mass., as
 seen       Lail matter.)
                EDITORS:
 I. B, n          AL!CESTONE BLACKWELL.

                TANT EDITORS:
 FLoatEN~r       SON.  CATiARINE WILDE.

        0         OONTRIIUTORS:
 Barones Ale       penberg,
 Mary Patnam       DM.D.    Prof. Ellen Hayes
 Charlotte Perk s Gilman.  Laura l. Johns.
    BOSTON OFFiOE, No. 3 PARK STREET,
 Whlere copies are for sale and subscriptions taken.

            CONTENTS
                                   PAGE
 Editorial  Notes ................................  1
 Women's Clubs and Club Women ............  1
 College and  Alum n  . .........................1I
 Women Physicians ............................ 1
 Women of the Press  .........................1
 The New Departure, A.S. nD.................... 2
 AfterThirty-Five Years, H. B. B ............... 2
 Voices of the Pioneers, f. fl.B..................2
 British Versus American Cities, it. D. B ....... 2
 In Ilemorlam-Mrs. Lloyd.............2
 Women Lawyers......................2
 Mrs. Gilman  on  Dirt...........................  2
 otes and News...................... 3
 The Prodigal Daughter ........................4
 State Correspondence-Oklahoma-Vermont.  4

             TO-MORROW.

 King Hassam, well beloved, was wont to say,
 When aught went wrong or any labor failed:
 To.morrow, friends, will be anbther day!
 And in that faith he slept, and so prevailed.
 Long live his proverb!I While the world shall
     roll, 
  To-morrow fresh shall rise from out the
     night,
 And new invest the indomitable soul
 With courage for its uever-ending fight.


    EDITORIAL NOTES.

  Gov. Douglas of Massachusetts, like his
predecessor, Gov. Bates, is a believer in
woman suffrage. The best and brightest
men, irrespective of party, are coming to
see that it is both just and expedient to
give women equal rights.

  It is reported from Moscow that some
women in the highest society are pro.
posing to form a Russian.Japanese League,
with the codperation of women at Tokio,
to agitate for the ending of the war.


  Whether the Russians are yet fit for
self-government is just now  a burning
question. Mrs. Breshkovskaya, Professor
Mllyoukoff, and the great majority of the
representatives of' the zemstvos (county
councils elected by the land-owners) think
the Russian people are competent to give
themselves at least as gooda government
as the one they now have, and probably a
much better one. If the majority of Rus- 1
sians were as well educated as the major-
ity of American women, would any one in N
America express even a doubt of their fit.
h0ess to have a voice in choosing their own
law-makers?       ...


  Mr. Frank Foxeroft has written for the
Nineteent C entury an artidle on The   S
Check to Woman Suffrage in America,    p
which has disturbed the minds of some   t
of our friends In England. If they knew
what a poor reputation for accuracy Mr. f
Foxcrot enjoys. among American suffra-  f
gists, they wou'ld not take his article
very seriously, Its misleading statements  II
will all be exposed in due time..      lo
        --------                       p
  The papers in this part of the country  w
have lately been flooded with anti-suf- b
frage documents by the Illinois Associa-.B
tion Opposed to the Further Extension of
Suffrage to Women.1 Mrs. Caroline F.   e
Corhin is the chief spokeswoman of the  dj
little knot of persons calling themselves od
y this long name.. Her argument Is, in
substance, that all socialists believe in
Woman suffrage, that some socialists be-
lieve in free love, and that therefore wo-  f
man suffrage means free love. All social-  g
ilts believe in international peace and c
arbitration. it iS one of thle planksd in their 
platform, the world over.: Does it follow f
that peace and arbitration mean the abo-. f

and absurdity of this attack upon wo-


ment. While differing    intensely upon
other subjects, the one point upon which
all factions in Colorado agree is in testify-
ing that woman suffrage is a good thing,
and is in no way responsible for the
troubles. Gov. Peabody has lately writ.
ten a letter to this effect to an organiza-
tion of women on the Pacific Coast; the
Western Federation of Miners passed a
resolution indorsing woman suffrage at
its annual meeting; and ion. John L.
Shafroth and Governor-elect Adams have
publicly expressed themselves to the same
effect on occasions too numerous to men-
tion. When people so radically opposed
to each other on every other question are
all unanimous on this one point, we may
be pretty sure their testimony is true.


man suffrage is probably one reason why
most of our papers have taken no notice
of it.

   The Massachusetts Legislature has de-
 clared vacant the seat of Representative
 Curley, who was elected while serving a
 term in prison for impersonating some one
 else atacivil-service examination A friend
 suggests that Mr. Curley has now been
 placed by the Legislature upon a political
 equality with women; but this equality is
 only transient. Mr. Curley is still the po-
 litical superior of Julia Ward Howe and
 Mary A. Livermore; for although the'
 legislators have refused to let him take
 his seat among them, yet as soon as he
 gets out of prison he will again be able to
 vote.

   It was not an especially good feature of
 the Christmas season in New York that of
 the $2,500,000 spent in the city for gifts it
 is estimated that more than half was paid
 for diamonds and jewelry. If a quarter of
 that sum had been spent in making
 Christmas presents of the WoMAN's JOUR-
 NAI to persons who need to be enlight-
 ened on the suffrage question, it would
 have done more good, and would have
 given the JOURNAL the largest circulation
 of any reform paper in the world.

 Every friend of the schools should op-
 pose the measure,now pending in the
 Massachusetts Legislature to have the
 Boston school board appointed by the
 mayor instead of elected by the people.
 Chicago, after long experience of having
 the school board appointed by the mayor,
 has lately voted, 157,000 to 57,000, in favor
 of a change to the system of having the
 school officers chosen by popular vote.

 Miss Margaret A. Haley of Chicago,
 during her recent visit to Boston, ex-
 plained the disadvantages of the appoint-
 lye system. She said, in substance: No
 matter how great abuses may exist in the
 schools, and no matter how much .public
Sentiment yonumay arouse by exposing
them, you cannot ensure their being rem-
edied while you have an appointed board,
for the mayor is never elected or defeated
on a school issue, but always on the
larger municipal issues. It is idle to hope
to take the schools out of politics by giv-
ing the appointment of the school board
to a man so bound hand and foot by poli-
tics as is the mayor.

  Under the elective system, whenever
the people of Boston really want to im-
prove their school board, they can do it.
Under the appointive system, they could
do it only when they wanted it sufficiently
to sacrifice all other considerations to this
one in the mayoralty election. Another
objection to the proposed change is that
it would deprive the mothers of Boston
of all voice in choosing the school board,
since women cannot vote for mayor.

  The Chicago school board, appointed
by the Mayor, has lately reduced the
number of teachers in the city schools by
500, thongh the number of school children
is constantly increasing. The board has
shut up one or more of the rooms In every
school-house, and has distributed the pu-
pls who used to occupy that room among
the other teachers in the building. Every
teacher now has to take charge of about
sixty children-double the number ap-
proved by educational experts. And when
the Chicago Teachers' Federation, by hard
work in the courts at its own expense,
forced the street-car corporations to pay
nto the city treasury $600,000 of delin-
quent taxes, the school board refused to
use a dollar of it to pay the teachers their
ong over-due arrears of salary, and ap-
propriated all the money for other pur-
poses -a thing that no elected board
would have dared to do. As Miss Haley
has well said, a city may have a very bad
chool board under either the elective or
he appointive system, but under the
elective system the people have the reme-
ly in their own hands, while under the
other system they have not.


Colorado Is In a lawless condition; there-
ore woman suffrage evidently has done no
good. This Is now the favorite argument
of the Antis. They might as well say,
'Colorado Is In a lawless condition, there-
ore the schools and churches of Colorado
have evidently done no good. They have
sot done everything, therefore they have
sot done anything; a highly logical argu-


   Dr. Edna M. Parks, who Is in charge of
 a dispensary in Wei Hsien, China, Is giv-
 ing three young Chinese women a medical
 training. These students have unbound
 their feet. They are studying anatomy
 and physiology as their first course, and
 are gaining practical knowledge through
 helping Dr. Parks in her treatment and
 care of patients.
   Dr. Mary Ryerson Butfn, of Madera,
 ual., has just been relected as health offi-
 cer of her town. She is serving her third
 year in that capacity.

   Dr. Sara E. Greenfield Is bacteriologist
 for the Kansas State Board of Health and
 instructor in bacteriology in the Kansas
 Medical College at Topeka.

 The Woman's Medical Journal complet-
 ed its fourteenth year with the December
 number. Eliza H. Root, M. D., of Chica-
 go, is the editor. The editorial staff and
 contributors include ' large number of
 prominent women physicians in different
 sections of the country. It Is 'published
 monthly by the Ha-kedorn Publishing
 Company, Toledo, O., and its business
 interests are in chaizke of Margaret L.
 Hackedorn. The Dmber issue is a
 tubercular numVir,    'ni' which up-to-
 date methods of dealing with the great
 white plague are described.

 Dr. Leora Johnson of Iowa City, Ia., a
 specialist in anmsthetics, has lately been
 appointed atuesthetlst to the University
 Hospital of the College of Homcoopatliic
 Medicine nf London, England. She has a
 record of 2,000 patients placed under an.
 msthetics without an accident., F. Br. A.


   WOMEN'S CLUBS AND CLUB WOMEN.

   The recommendation of the General
Federation that standing committees on
legislation be established in all the clubs
and the State Federations has proved very
popular.   The Federations have never
before shown so much Interest In-legisia.
tion as now. In nearly every State the
clubs are watching the measures relating
to the welfare of women and children
which are being introduced into the
Legislatures. investigating the merits of
each, and working for the passage of such
as meet with their approval.

  Iowa club women are trying to secure a
child-labor law, juvenile courts and the
probation system.

  By invitation of the Woburn Woman's
Club, the Massachusetts State Federation
will meet in Woburn on Feb. 8.

  The Social Service Committee of the
Massachusetts Federation presents three
subjects to the clubs this year for consid.
eration, Stamp Savings, The Tramp
Evil, and The Prevention and Cure of
Tuberculosis.

  The National Soclety of Colonial Dames
of America in Vermont has offered two
prizes, of $25 and $15, to- the students in
the high schools of the State, for the best
essays upon Life and Customs of New
England in Colonial Days.

  Miss May Elizabeth Audubon, a grand-
daughter of the famous naturalist, was
the speaker at the meeting last week of
the Society of New England Women at
Delmonico's, New York. Miss Audubog
described three patriotic but little known
New England women of an earlier gener.
ation: Faith Robinson, a descendant of
John and Priscilla Alden, who married
Governor John Trumbull; Mrs,. Catherine
Gaylord and Mrs. Emma Denny Burr. She


told how the descendant of the May-
flower of Plymouth was at church one
day, when the clergyman made an appeal
for clothing for the tattered home troops.
She was wearing at the moment an ele-
gant scarlet cloth mantle, the gift of
Count Rochambeau, and without a mo-
ment's hesitation she took it off and
handed it to the minister. It was after-
ward cut up into trimmings foi the sol-
diers' uniforms.

  The Sarah E. Doyle Club of Providence,
R. L, learning of the work done In Mas-
sachusetts lu'behalf of the adult blind,has
started a similar work in Rhode Island,
and has secured from the Legislature an
appropriation of $1500 to provide Instruc-
tion for the adult blind in their homes.

  The meeting of the Mothers' and Fath-
ers' Club, to be held in the New Century
Building, Boston, on Jan. 9, at 2.30 P. M.,
will be one of great interest. Prof. Wil-
son L. Gill of Philadelphia will tell how
children may be instructed in civics by
organizing schools on a city basis, and
will give an account of the establishment
by him of the School City in this coun-
try, from primary grades to normal.

  The Women's Association of Rome,
Italy, has issued a pamphlet entitled The
Legalized Oppression of Women.
                               F. M. A.

         COLLEGE AND ALUMNA.

  Dean Elizabeth Powell Bond has re-
signed the position she has held at Swarth-
more College for nearly nineteen years.
She has filled a unique place, caring for
hundreds of young people during a most
difficult period of their lives with a home-
like motherly care, not an Institutional
guardianship.
  President Mary E. Woolley of Mount
Holyoke College has in the Congregation-
alist an article on The Social Responsi-
bility of the Educated Christian Woman.
She says In part,
  If I were to express in one word the
relation of the educated woman to social
service, I should choose obligation, an ob-
ligation based on privilege. . ... It is fast
becoming true that there is no corner of
our country where there is not some
problem for solution, not only in the
crowded cities and factory towns, but
even in the country districts of New Eng-
land. The social question Is interwoven
with our political life, and whatever may
be the view concerning woman's activity
in that direction, there can be no question
concerning her fitness for social work.
                              F. ti. A.


WOMEN OF THE PRESS.


   Miss Jeannette Glider was one of the
 first women to engage in newspaper work
 as a profession. At fifteen she, went Into
 an editor's office and asked for work. She
 was told there was nothing vacant but a
 small job of proof-reading, which she eag-
 erly accepted. Her new book, The Tom-
 boy at Work, is really a history of the
 evolution of the newspaper woman, with
 her own personal experiences as the
 basis.

   The editor and manager of the Tama-
qua (Pa.) Register, Miss Anna I. Hons-
berger, recently journeyed with the man of
her choice, Mr. A. J. Person, to New.York
City, where they were married, NO an-..
nouncement of the wedding was made until
they returned, when the story was printed
in the Register as a scoop. Mrs. Person
announces that she will continue as editor
and manager of the Register for the pres-
ent. She Is one of the most successful
newspaper women in the State, and super-.
intends the mechanical part of the paper
as well as the editorial.

  The New England Women's Press Asso-
elation on Jan. 4 elected officers as fol-
lows: President, Mrs. Alice E. Whitaker;
first vice-president, Miss Alice Stone
Blackwell; second vice-president, Miss
Floretta Yinlng; recording secretary, Miss'
Marion H. Brazier; corresponding seore-
tary, Mrs. Inez E. Fox; treasurer,, Mrs.
Ella Richards; assistant treasurer, Mrs.
Lulu G. Upham; auditor, Miss Mary Mc-
Kay; executive committee, three years,
Mrs. Emeline G.Ricker; finance commit-
tee, Miss Stella 0. Libbey, Miss Eleanor
Root, Miss Henrietta Sowle; chairman
of program committee, Mrs. Sallie Joy
White; reception committee, Mrs. Henri-
etta Page, Mrs. Ralph M. Kirtland.


N1r~ 1 .L.


  CONCERNING WOMEN.

  Mns. LILIAN MASSEY TnEDLE will add
  a Hall of Household Science, costing
  $80,000, to the equipment of the Univer-
  sity of Toronto.
  SHIGE NAGAI URIu, wife of Admiral
  Uriu of the Japanese navy, contributes to
  Harper's Bazar an Interesting article on
  Japanese Leading Women and the War.
  Miss SItaVWIcGUTT, the daughter of the
  president of the New Zealand National
  Council of Women, recently carried off
  two medals and other honors at the Uni-
  versity of Edinburgh.
  Mits. Mom.is: TUohiPsoN WITE, wife
  of 11. B. White, a prosperous blacksmith,
  running his own shop in Prescott, Ari-
  zona, has herself learned the blacksmith's
  trade, and works at it with skill and en-
  joyment.
  GiiriUDiu ATiERTON has been invited
  by the Hamilton Club of Chicago to be one
  of the judges of eight orations on Alexan-
  der Hamilton, to be given in debate at
  the club by young men from different
  colleges. Mrs. Atherton has accepted.
  HIELEN KELLER has written for the
  Century a noteworthy article entitled A
  Chat About the Iland. She says that
  not only is the hand as qasy to recognize
  as the face, but that it reveals secrets
  more openly and unconsciously; because
  people control their countenances, but
  their hands are tnder no constraint.
  MIss HELEN GOULinshrinks from being
  conspicuous, and resolutely declines to be
  a public figure, In spite of her public
  spirit and public usefulness. When her
  town house on Fifth Avenue is closed and
  she comes in from Irvlngton, she does not
  take a suite at any gorgeous hotel. She
  goes to the Martha Washington, that admi-
  rable refuge for smaller Incomes than
  hers, and she dides in the public dining-
  room. Tbere she is not distinguishable,
  by richness or smartness of attire, from
  half the other young women who enjoy its
  hospitality.
  MISS MARGARET WADE, society editor
  of a Washington paper, has been selected
  as social secretary by Mrs. Fairbanks, wife
  of the vice-president. The appointment
  has caused some comment because about
  a year ago Miss Wade was barred from the
  White House in her professional capacity
  on account of her refusal to comply with
  certain regulations laid down by Secretary
  Loeb. She considered these regulations
  Ignominious because they confined re-
  porters to one part of the White House
  and did not allow them to go elsewhere.
  Presumably  the difficulty  has  been
  smoothed over.
  Mice. EDIrrr H. SOUTI, of Bethel, 0.,
  began fivelyears ago in her own home to
  make infants' moccasins for sale-littlo
  pink, blue and white kid shoes, bedecked
  with ribbons. The demand has grown
  till now she employs twenty workers,
  who turn out a thousand pairs of mocca-
  sins a week. The cutting and packingare
  all done at the little home factory, while
  the putting together and finishing are
  farmed out In the community to women
  sewers, by piece. The Clermont Repub-
  lican says: Mrs. South iS a woman of
  family, and besides looking after the man-
  ifold household duties of a wife and moth-
  er, and this growing industry, she also
  has the Citizens' Telephone Exchange.
  Her success is easily discernible in the
cheerfulness of her personality.
  MIss FLORENCE CORBETT has for sev-
eral years had entire charge of the dieta-
ries of all Now York City's municipal
charities, She buys the supplies, plans
all the dietaries, and oversees the kitchen
systems of the half dozen or more insti-
tutions maintained by the city. Under
her are five resident dietitians, with spe-
cial supervision over the City Hospital,
Metropolitan Hospital, the Infirmary for
Tuberculosis Patients, the City Home for
the Aged and Infirm, and the King's
County Hospital, Ftatbush. Miss Corbett
also gives lectures and instruction to the
nurses of these institutions on bacteriol-
ogy, chemistry, and the chemistry of
foods. Two large laboratories on Black-
well's Island are operated under her super-
vision. There Is probably no public chari-
ties department more modernly conduct-
ed. Miss Corbett has lowered the death
rate in the institutions, and at the same
time has lowered the cost of feeding the
inmates. She has continued to hold her
office through a change in city administra-
tion, a strong testimonial to the recog-
nized value of her services.


Digitized from Best Copy Available


BOSTON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 7. 1905.


T*l


WOMEN PHYSICIANS.

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