33 Women's J. 1 (1902)

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Vol. XXXIII.                                                     BOSTON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 4, 1902.                                                                                          No. 1.


The Woman's Journal

      FOUNDED BY LUCY STONE.
 A Weekly Newspaper, published every Satur-
 day in Boston, devoted to the interests of wo-
 man-to her educational, industrial, legal and
political equality, and especially to her right of
saffrag
                KITORtS:
            ACK WELL.
       &NE BLACKWEILL.


NT DITORS:
6DKINSON.


%MIDUTOls:

MA. D.


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              CONTENTS.
                   -                 I'AGE
 Editorial Notes .................................  1
 Equal Payfor Broom.Makng ..................  I
 A Prize f.,r French Artists ...................
 Emancipation in M.rrlage .....................  I
 Mrs. Florence Fenwick Miller .............. 1
 A Young Woman Areheoligist ................ 1
 Women and Civil Service Reform .............2
 Victory for Methodist Women ............... 2
 Camera Versus Gun............................ 2
 Musical Notes,  F. I. A .......................... 2
 Free Kindergarten Work ......................2
 A Woman  Colonel .............................. 2
 Women for Board of Agrioultul e ............2
 Mrs. Hussey's Fair ............................ 2
 Emancipated by a Moral Purpose .............2
 Gossip and Gleanings ...........  t ............. 2
 Children's Column.......................... 2
 The Right of Suffrage,.i u.nit .................4
 Cardinal Gibbons on the Iome. A, S.i ........ 4
 Women's Clubs and Club Women, F. I. A....  4
 Women of te Press .......................... 4
 Women it the Churches ...................... 4
 Queen Victoria as Mother ..................... 5
 In Memoriam-Mrs. Jennie C. Croly-A. M.
 Waugh-Mrs. Emilia E. Gilbert .............  5
 Our New York Letter .......................... 5
 Story-'The Last Conquest of Mrs. Byrd.... 0
 College and Alumnm.......................... 8
 Women  Lawyers ..............................  8
 Sa ving the Children ........................... 8
 The Januarj Magazines ...................... 8
 State Correspobdence - Minnesota-Dist, lot
 of Columbia-Nebraska N. Y.-Maine ..... 3, 8
 Massachusetts Clubs and Leagues ............. 8

               ENDEAVOR.
          BY ROBERT BROWNING.
    Aspire, break bands, I say,
 Endeavor to be good, and better still,
 And best. Success is naught, endeavor's all.


    HDITORIAL NOTES.

  The women cast their ballots for the
  first time at the recent elections in Nor-
  way. In Christiania their votes turned
the scale, and elected a Conservative
majority in the municipal council.


  Three men followed and annoyed a
young woman in Paris one evening not
long ago. At last one of them seized her
around the waist. The frightened victim
struck at him with her umbrella, which
put out his eye and penetrated the brain,
causing death. The French courts have
decided that it was a case of justifiable
self-defence, and have acquitted the young
woman.

  After a tour of inspection among       the
dairies that supply Chicago with milk and
butter, Food Commissioner Patterson pro-
nounces fourteen out of fifteen he visited
to be filthy and absolutely unfit for the
purposes used, and a menace to the public
health. *.His  description of them   is a
enough to make any person of sensitive
nerves feel ill, even without  drinking  r
the milk or eating the butter.     Whether    i
the pure food law  shall be enforced or
not depends upon politics. A witty writer t
has well said that the influence of politics
is not 'outside the home,' but inside the
baby. Give the mothers of Illinois a vote,    i
and officials who wantto be redlected will
see that wholesome milk is provided for t
the children.


    In France, the Society for the Improve
  mot of Women's Condition and the Sctur
  ing of their Rights is concentrating it
  forces on the effort to obtain for womei
  the right to be guardians of minors, an(
  members of a family council, on the sam,
  terms as 1en. Ata recent meeting held it
  Paris to advocate this reform, M, Yve
  Guyot, who presided, mentioned that It
  had been present not long before at a wed
  ding where one of the witnesses was a wo
  nian-an almost unheard-of innovation
  yet the heavens did not fall.

    Vigorous protests have been called on
  by the discovery that a text-book advocat
  Ing the State regulation of vice Is in usi
  at the Army Mqdical College in Washing
  ton, and that this abominable system o
  dealing with the social evil has been in
  troduced by the U. S. military authoritiei
  not only in the Philippines but also it
  Cuba and Porto Rico. Members of Con
  gross are being pelted with letters by thei-
  constituents, and.the matter will be thor
  oughly ventilated. President Roosevel
  is khown to be strongly opposed to tho
  system, and there is good hope of it
  speedy abolition.

  Here is another instance showing ti
  folly of the rule adopted by certain schoo
  boards that married women shall not bi
  allowed to teach. The Boston Post says
  The rising young artists of Worcestei
  have been placed in a position of confu.
  sion and suspense. They are dangling il
  the air, and can get neither up nor down.
  In the English High School, which these
  aspirants attend, the teachei in drawing
  has for some years been Mrs. Helen D.
  Burgess. At the October meeting of the
  Worcester school committee, an irade
  was promulgated that no married woman
  should longer be employed as a teacher in
  any of the schools. This included Mrs.
  Burgess. The committee on drawing and
  manual training was instructed to lind a
  successor to Mrs. Burgess. They could
  not. There wa, in the city of Worcester
  no unnimarried woman who could or would
  teach drawing. Finally they heard of an
  unmarried woman in New York, Miss
  Genevieve Williamson, who could teach
  drawing, but the committee on teachers
  refused to indorse her, probably on the
  ground that a lady of her grace and
  beauty was not long fnr single blessed-
  ness. In despair, Mr. Henry E. Kenney,
  of Worcester (domestic status not given),
  was proposed, but lie has not been ac-
cepted. Meantime the juggernaut ramn-
bled on, and Mrs. Burgess's pay has been
stopped. The children are informed that
until there is unmarried drawing for
them they cannot have any drawing at all.


    EQUAL PAY FOR BROOM-MAKING.
  A man who de8ervels the gratitude of
women is Director of Charities Cooley of
the Cleveland (0.) Workhouse. The prin-
cipal industry in that institution is broom-
making, and from time immemorial its
custom has been to pay the women just
half as much for their labor as the men,
although the records showed that the
work of both averaged the same. Thus it
took a woman just twice as long as a man
to work out her fine. The present direc-
tor declared this discrimination a rank
Injustice, and he has just abolished it.
  Mrs. Ida H. Harper says in the N. Y.
Sui: Some reforms have to begin at the
bottom and work up. Perhaps this one in
time may reach the public schools, where
the same practice is followed.

      EMANCIPATION IN MARRIAGE.

  But though there can be no emancipa-
tion from marriage, this Is not saying that
there may not be emancipation in marriage,
says William M. Salter in the January At-
lantic. Marriage is not necessarily a one-
sided contract, in which the woman agrees
to obey or to serve. To consent to make
one's self another's subject or servant is
unworthy of a human'being, even if done
freely. In law we do not allow one person
to sell himself into slavery to another; the
contract is null and void. There is no
reason in morals why a woman should put
herself at the beck and call of a man. Any
true marriage is a relation of equals,-it is
a relation in which the freedom of each is
respected by the other; it is a relation of
mutual service, in which forceis never used,
In which command is never heard. If the
wife is obliged to submit to her husband,
that is barbarism, no matter who, what
rite, what Bible, what law, sanctions It.
Authority maybe exercised over children,
It may be justified in the State, but to the
extent it is exercised between partners in
the marriage relation, the beauty, the
sacreduess, of the relation is gone.


   Mrs. Miller can accept a few lecture en-
 gagements during her stay in the United
 States. She has a long list of lectures, on
 many topics of interest. For subjects,
 dates and terms, address Miss Kate M.
 Gordon,. 2008 American Tract Society


      A PRIZE FOR FRENCH. ARTISTS.
   News    comes from    Paris that M.
 Leygues, the Minister of Fine Arts, is at
 last going to sign a decree admitting
 women students at the School of Fine
 Arts to compete for the Grand Prix de
 Rome. This prize, a scholarship enabling
 the winner to study music or paint!ng in
 Rome, is strictly limited to students of
 French nationality. Several distinguished
 men have held it in the past, prelninent
 among whom was Gounod. M. Couyba,
 in his recent report on the budget of
 the School of Fine Arts, strongly urged
 that this prize should be thrown open to
 women. He points out that the women
 are regular students of the school, and
 ought in fairness to have access to all its
 opportunities.  There are now     seven
 women studying painting, eight sculpture
 and one architecture In the School of
 Fine Arts.

     A YOUNG WOMAN ARCHEOLOGIST.
   Mrs. Victoria Vaschilde, a young Rou.
 manian, is distinguishing herself in ar-
 cheology. She has just presented at the
 Ecole des Hautes Etudes of the Sorbonne
 at Paris a thesis on the history of the con-
 quest of Dacia, which has won high praise
 and will be printed by the school, an
 honor accorded only to the best theses.
 Mrs. Vaschilde took her diploma In his-
 tory and philology.
 She is the daughter of a professor in tie
 medical department of the University of
 lassy in Roumania, and early distin-
 guished herself as a student In both
 science and languages. At eighteen she
 married a Roumanian doctor, a learned
 man and a great worker. The young
 couple came to Paris, where the husband
 entered the Ecole des flautes Etudes as
 head of the laboratory of experimental
 psychology, and his wife went to decipher-
 Ing anciont Greek and Latin inscriptions
in a way that amazed her professor, M.
Heron do Villefosse. He said that it was
the first tine he had seen a woman Inter-
est herself in these dry subjects, and lie
was sure she would not stick to it. But
she did, and she has now graduated with
distinction, to the delight of M. Gaston
PArls, the head of the school, who says I
he Is glad that a woman has done it, and
only regrets that some Frenchwoman was
not the pioneer in this line. Mrs. Vas- I
childe declares that she finds archeology t
a most Interesting and fascinating'study. c


  CONCERNING WOMEN.

  MIss LLzziE PECKHAB Ihak been appoint-
  ed tax collector for the town of Scipio,
  Cayuga County, N. Y.
  FRAULIa     MADELEIN NIENTIC is said
  to be the first woman pharmacist in Ger-
  many. She was born at Carlsruhe In 1881.
  She had to take her preliminary studies In
  Switzerland. She is now a studentInbhe
  pharmacy of Dr. Iloldormann at Licliten-
  thai, near Baden-liaden.
  QUEeN ALEXANDRA of Great Britlan,
  who is reported to be rafidly iecovering.
  from lier recent indisposition, Is now in.
  her 58th year, and thoug. :very deaf, has
  unusual health and vioy. She was, the
  second child and eldest daughter of King
  Christian IX. ofqDenmark. She was born
  Dec. 1, 1844, was married on March 10,
  1808, to the Prince of Wales, and with him
  succeeded to the throne of England on Jan.
  22, 1001.
  REv. ANNA H. SHAW, while conducting
  the question box at a recent equal
  suffrage meeting, was -asked How can
  women be rprevailed upon to overcome'
  petty jealousies? As longas the Schley
  matter Is on the docket, she answered,,
  I wouldn't say anything about jealousies'
  among women, if Iwere you.' Pettiness
  is not a matter of sex, but of temperament
  and environment. Get out of the petty
  environment as fast as you can.
  MRS. WABSZKLWIcZ, president of the,
  Netherland Women's Peace League, has
  Just published a book called .Carmen
  proInviotis, the whole proceeds of which
  are to be used for the beneflt of the Boer
  women and children in the concentration
  camps. The volume Is issued in several
  languages. Among the contributors to it
  are Bjornson, Paul Hyacinthe Loyson,
  Bertram Romilly and Sully Prudhomme.
  It may be ordered from Mrs. Waszkldwicz,
  85 Stationsweg, The Hague, Holland,,
  price $1.20.
  MIeS MARY E. WILKINs was married on
  New Year's day to Dr. Charles Freeman,,
  and they have sent out written notices to
  .thelr-friends.,...The-w.eddtng ,WAS. t6.hve.
  taken place at the bride's bnoe in Ran.
  d01ph, Mass., but owing to the illness of
  Dr. Freeman's mother, who had set lier
  heart on being present, Miss Wilkins con-
  sented to go to the Freeman homestead in
  Metuchen, N. J., for the ceremony. To
  avoid gossip and reporters, she made lier
  preparations very quietly.  Some days
  ago sie had lier baggage sent to Brock-
  ton, Mass., and checked from there to
  New York. Two days before the wed-
  ding, accompanied by lir friend, Mrs.
  John Wales of Randolph, she took the
  marketmen's train long before light, came
  to Boston unobserved, and took tie train
  for New York.  There Dr. Freeman met
  them and the trio started for Metu'chen.
  In order to avoid the curious villagers the
  party left the train a few miles from
  Metuchen. Dr. Freeman's carriage was
  waiting and they were driven to the Free-
  man homestead, where in the presence of
  a select few Miss Wilkins and Dr. Free-
  ntan were united.   All the readers of
  Miss Wilkins's charming stories will wish
  them joy.
  Miss AoG s Wss'roN has lately had the
  degree of Doctor of Laws conferred upon
  her by the Glasgow    University. But
  English sailors long ago gave her titles
  which she values more highly-Mother
  Weston and the Bishop of the Blue-
  jackets. Miss Weston, while still a girl,
  noticed the wretched condition of English
  sailors when on shore-the filthy, squalid
  inns to which they were restricted; the
  vice and debauchery forced upon them.
Sile founded at Devonport The Sailor's
Rest, which provided clean, cheap ac-
conmodations for ,Jack as soon as lie
landed, gave him medicine, books, and,
most Important of all, amusement, and
defended hh11n from the hsrples who had
robbed him. Branch homes have since
been established in most of the seaports.
Site went from one to another, making
friends of the sailors, writing to each
when at sea, caring for his family, and
never giving up the effort to, draw him to
the right. Many a poor Jack Tar wander-
lug over the seas reckoned Mother Wes-
ton his only friend in the world. The
knowledge required to manage the vast
Interests of this undertaking Is so great
that the grave Scottish University has
thought fit to name Miss Weston Doctor
of Laws. Queen Victoria had a high
respect for Mother Weston, often sent for
her to ta lk about the work, and It-is said
that the Queen both laughed and cried
over her stories of the sailors.


Digitized from Best Copy Available


CIA


     MRS. FLORENCE FENWICK MILLER.

   Mrs. Florence Fenwick Miller will rep-
 resent the Woman Suffrage Associations
 of England on International Day at the
 National Suffrage Convention in Washing-
 ton,.next month.            -
   Florence Fenwick  ller was born in
 London, and received her early education
 there. In her eighteenth year she went
 to Edinburgh to study medicine. She
 passed the Arts examination of the Uni-
 versity with first-class honors in English
 literature; but before the time for begin-
 ning her professional course, the Univer-
 sity authorities had resolved to refuse ad-
 mission to women students in future.
 I She returned to London and studied med-
 icine there at the Ladies' Medical Col-
 lege, taking first-clabs honors in all the
 seven subjects of study in that institution,
 and also attending the practice in several
 hospitals, in both London and Paris. But
 medical practice being then still illegal
 for women in England, she decided to
 give it up, literature and public life hav-
 ing gradually opened to her. She was
 elected at the early age of twenty-two a
 member of the London School Board, by
 the great London constituency of Hack-
 ney (60,000 voters); and this confidence
 was renewed by the electors for two fur-
 ther' terms, making nine years' public
 service, after which Mrs. Fenwick Miller
 declined to be a candidate for another
 term. Her special care had been given
 to the women teachers and the girls, a
 fact which was so highly appreciated that
 the Metropolitan Association of Board
 School-Mistresses offered to bear the
 whole cost of another election if Mrs.
 Miller would again stand. Her lecturing
 and journalistic engagements, however,
 prevented acceptance, her pen now being
 in constant demand. Since 1886 she has
 contributed a weekly page of feminine
 news and chat to the Illustrated London
 News, and her articles appear from time
 to time in all the important newspapers
 of England. But it is perhaps as a pub-
 lie speaker that she is best known. She
 has lectured in all the principal cities and
 towns, often to audiences of thousands.
 She spoke in public first on behalf of
 woman suffrage while still in her teens,
 and with speech and pen has been untir.
 Ing in advocating the cause. From 1805
 to 1809 she owned and edited in London
 the woman suffrage newsiaper, the IWo-
 man's Signal. Her booksinclude several
 volumes on physiology applied to personal in
 and domestic health, and others on the d
 woman movement; also a Life of Har- P
 riet Martineau and In Ladles' Com- I
 pany, sketches of Illustrious women.
 Mrs. Fenwick Miller married at twenty-
two, but by previous arrangement retainedel
Mher own name. She has two daughters., a

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