31 Women's J. 1 (1900)

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Vol. XXXI.                                                       BOSTON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 6, 1900.                                                                                          No. 1.
               ______________________                                            __________________I___


The Woman's Journal
      FOUNDED BY LUCY STONE.
  A Weekly Newspaper, published every Satur-
day in Boston, devoted to the interests of woma-
an-to her educational, industrial, legal and
political equality, and especially to her right of
euff rage.
                 EDITORS:
     H. B. BLACKWELL.
     ALICE STONE BLACKWELL.
            AsnISrMANT EDITORS:
     FLORENCE M. ADKINSON.
     CATHARINE WILDE.
  BOSTON OFFIOP.E-No. 3 Park Street. where cop-
ies are for sale and subscriptions received.
      J. Ii. lORisOx Advertising Manager.


             CONTENTS.
                  -                PAGE
Editorial Notes ................................ 1
A Peace Prize ....................................1
The Japanese New Year .........................I
The Filipena .....................................1
Women of the Press......   .............I
Miss Hanlon's Case ............................ 1
The Women of Hawaii ............................ 2
The Chinese New Year ........................... 2
Flowers at the White House .....................2
Woman Suffrage in Holland ..................... 2
Mrs. Chace's Kind  Heart ......................... 2
W omen in Chile ................................ 2
A Colorado Editor on Mrs. Corbin ............... 2
On an Ostrich  Farm ............................3
Gossip and Gleanings ............................ 3
Children's Column-Humorous .................3
Inside the American Custom-House, ii. B. iB.... 4
Woman as an Inventor, Mary A. Livermore .... 4
Progress in  Ireland, A. s. n ....................... 4
Women Physicians ............................4
Remember the Armenian Women, A. s.B ....... 5
Women's Clubs and Club Women, F. 31. A ....... 5
Our New York Letter ..........................5
A Postal Episode ................................. 6
Our Slinsters and Bachelors.............. 6
Patti's Parrots ................................ 6
State Correspondence-Oregon - Iowa - New
  York ..........................................  6,7
College and Alumnne ............................ 8
Freedom Overlooked ..........................8
Frances Willard's Statue ........................ 8
Women in the Churches ......................8
Energetic at Eighty ............................8
W. W. Howard Starts for Cuba ................8
Massachusetts Clubs and Leagues......... 8

               EVOLUTION.
       BY HJALMllCR H JORTH BOYESON.
Sublime is life, though in beginnings base
At first enkindled. In this clod of mould
Beats with faint spirit pulse the heart of
      gold
 That warms the lily's cheek; its silent grace
 Dwells unborn 'neath this sod. Fain would
      I trace
The potent mystery which, like biidas's
      hand,
 Thrills the mean clay into refulgence grand;
 For, gazing down the misty aisles of space
 And time, upon my sight vast visions throng
 Of the imperial destiny of man.
 The life that throbbed in plant and beast
      ere long
 Will break still wider orbits in its van,-
 A race of peace-robed emperors and kings
 Achieving evermore diviner things.

     EDITORIAL NOTES.

   Let every woman read carefully the
 editorial on page four, entitled Inside
 the  American   Custom -House.    The
 status of women In our new possessions
 will probably be settled by Congress dur-
 ing this session. It will come In as a
 part of the wider question of whether the
 Inhabitants of these outlying possessions
 shall be given the priceless boon of self-
 government under national supervision,
 and if so, to what extent and under what
 conditions?

   The elimination of race and sex restric.
 tions in the suffrage are two vital points
 to be insisted upon. In semi-civilized com-
 munities the social and political equality
 of responsible, intelligent women is espe-
 cially needed. In such countries as Hayti
 it has been found necessary to give wom-
 en ownership of their homesteads as a
 condition of domestic stability. While
 the men are very generally indolent,
 absent, and neglectful of their families,
 the women are anchored to their children
 and their homes. It would be a cruel and
 unstatesmanlike mistake to debar prop-
 erty-owning women from the right of
 suffrage in the government of our new
 possessions.

   Almost equally important is it that
 these islandcommunities should bemade a
 part of our Awa'ricau continental system
 of domestic free-trade. Absolutely un-
 restricted commerce between our States
 and Territories, from Maine to Washing-
 ton, and from Michigan to Texas, has
 proved the greatest possible blessing to
 each and all. Even more so, if possible,
 would be the benefits of similar freedom
 of trade between temperate and tropical
 products. It would put an end to the


monopolies which at present double the
cost of many articles of universal utility
in order to enrich a few wealthy corpora-
tions.

  In the itemized report of the Suffrage
Bazar given in another column, one fact
Is particularly noticeable. This is the
smallness of the expenses, which were
only 17 1.2 per cent. of the receipts. It may
be doubted if any other among the many
Fairs of the season can show as good a
record in this respect. It was due to Miss
H. E. Turner's economical and judicious
management. Miss Turner, while giving
credit in her report to the many others
who helped to make the Bazar a success,
does not allude to the fact that she was
herself the mainspring of the whole af-
fair, devoting months of patient and un-
selfish labor to the preparations for it.
The unexpectedly good result achieved In
the face of unusual obstacles is due to
her more than to any other one person.

            A PEACE PRIZE.
  The next Alfred Noble prize for tie best
argument for peace between nations,
presented through any of the arts, will be
awarded Dec. 10, 1901, the date being
fixed by the Norwegian Parliament. The
prize will be from fifty to eight thousand
dollars. Nobel, the inventor of dynamite,
left his whole fortune of several millions
to science, literature, and philanthropy,
the interest of one-fourth of the amount
to be given annually to that person who
should do the most for the promotion of
peace among nations. It is likely that
this vast sum may eventually become the
foundation of an institution for the study
and development of international law at
Christiania, which will invite students in
friendly competition from all parts of the
world.

           A SOCIAL MUSEUM.
   The establishment of a museum of
 social economy In New Vork City is pro-
 posed by the Rev. Dr. Josiah Strong,
 president of the League for Social Ser-
 vice, and Dr. William H. Tolman. It is
 part of the plan to make the museum a
 source from which information as to mu.
 nicipal progress may be obtained by other
 cities, and to furnish employers with
 details of what is being done by other
 concerns for the benefit of operatives.
 Regarding the scheme Dr. Strong says:
   In a social museum, by means of care-
 fully collected data and photographs, one
 might study the park system, public
 baths, street cleaning, disposition of garb.
 age, light and water systems, fire depart-
 ment, and the housing problem of every
 considerable city In the land and of all
 the great cities of the world. Concerning
 a given problem and its solution one
 might learn more by a single visit to a
 social museum than by a month's tour of
 the cities of our country.

         WOMEN OF THE PRESS.
   Mrs. Eliza Archard Conner, who has
 been resting In the Isle of Jersey after
 her experience in the Philippines, will
 spend the latter part of the winter in
 London. Mrs.Connor,a life-member of the
 Woman's Press Club of New York City, is
 said to be the only woman who has ven-
 tured upon the duties of war correspond-
 ent In Luzon. After a trip to the Klon-
 dike, not the most restful sort of an
 experience, without taking any time for
 recuperation she went to Manila, and
 succeeded in getting to the front. She
 helped to Identify the killed and to care
 for the wounded on more than one battle-
 field, and did active work as a writer at
 the same time, although while 'crossing
 the Pacific, happening to be on deck in a
 storm, she was blown down a companion-
 way, and had her arm broken. All Mrs.
 Connor's writing was done on a type-
 writer, and, of course, with one hand.
 Nevertheless, she turned out copy with a
 rapidity that caused wonder to those
 around her. She has had the same ma-
 chine with her in Jersey, and will take It
 to London, where she hopes to find time
 for some society letters, to be printed in
 the United States. Before returning to
 New York she expects to visit St. Peters-
 burg, and possibly some of the Russian
 provinces, and will spend a month or two
 at the Paris Exposition.
   At the annual meeting of the New Eng-
 land Women's Press Association, held in
 this city last Wednesday, the correspond-
 ing secretary reported a membership of
 151, ar~d the treasurer reported $255 in
 hand. Officers were chosen as follows:
   President, Mrs. Nella I. Daggett; first


vice-president, Mrs. Annie G. Murray;
second vice-president, Miss Mabel B. Caf-
fin; recording secretary, Miss Ivah Dun-
klee; corresponding secretary, Mrs. Alice
Fessenden Peterson; treasurer, Mrs. Ere-
line C. Riker; assistant treasurer, Miss
Floretta Vining; auditor, Mrs. Alice E.
Whitaker; executive committee (three
years' term), Mrs. Evelyn Greenleaf Suth-
erland; the present members are, chair-
man, Mrs. May Alden Ward (elected in
1898); second member, Mrs. Barbara Gal-
pin (elected in 1899); finance committee,
chairman, Mrs. Mary J. Lincoln; second
member, Mrs. Ella A. Bigelow; third
member, Miss Marian Hosmer; chairman
of programme committee, Mrs. Sarah T.
S. Leighton; chairman of reception com-
mittee, Mrs. Jennie Bond Chaloner.
   It was voted to hold the gentlemen's
 night at the Vendome on Feb. 21.


TER FILIPINA.


  The following extracts are from a poem
on Current Events read at a recent din-
ner of the Chickatawbut Club In this city,
by Edward Payson Jackson:
             THE FILIPINOS.
What shall we do witi, this vast crowdi
  The constitution eke to quote,
No color line must be allowed,-
  Thus saith the law-sothey must vote.
Well, nothing very strange in that:-
  We've done the same thing o'er and o'er.
A man may vote, though black as your hat;
  Not so with Mary Livermore.
    Livermore? She knows more
    Than many voters o'er and o'er,
           Yet she can't vote.
    And that grand woman, she who wrote
    The book that set the black men free,
    Who gained for them the right to vote,
    She, too, was in the self-same boat,-
           She couldn't vote.
    Why, even the Goddess of Liberty
           Herself can't vote I
    Though dynamiters, anarchists,
    Stock-gamblers, bread-monopolists,
    Prize-fighters, with their brutal lists,
    Tam:. ny thieves, polygamists,
    And, the other human beasts,
           .rhey al can vote I
 From all this, what conclusions follow?
 We all can see where we are'at;
 If such big camels we can swallow,
 Why should we strain at one small gnat?
 If we can give the vote to these
 Degraded, vicious savages,
 Why, surely it would be no meaner
 To give It to the Filipina!


        THE JAPANESe NEW YEAR.

   The Japanese New Year is the most
 curious mixture possible of religion and
 pleasure, business and sentiment, tips and
 masquerading, writes Miss Irene Mann,
 now In Aomori, Japan.
   It belongs to the same family as the
 Chinese  New    Year, and until Japan
 brought herself up to date it used to be
 celebrated at the same period. It now
 coincides with the Western New Year,
 and is gradually acquiring European fea-
 tures.
   Every good Japanese begins the year
 with a family meal. It consists of certain
 dishes, and only one liquor is admissible,
 saki (rice whiskey).
   For days before New Year's the pro-
 vision shops are crowded with customers,
 to whom the little wooden luncheon
 boxes cannot be handed out fast enough.
 To the family meal every man must bring
 a good conscience and a clean ledger. He
 must have settled up all the last year's
 accounts, paid all his debts, taken every-
 thing out of pawn, and be prepared to
 make a fresh start financially.
   He must also have performed all the
 religious duties of the season. His prayer
 papers should be secured from the priest,
 and a liberal tithe paid for them, and
 suitable offerings should have been made
 at the household shrine.
   After breaking bread and drinking saki
 with his family, he has next to remember
 the claims of his friends. If be be of the
 court, he has to pay his first visit of the
 year to the Imperial Palace, where the
 Emperor always holds a New Year's re-
 ception. If he be an official, he has to
 pay his respects to his immediate superi-
 ors, and so on all through the hierarchy.
 If he be a priest, he has special New
 Year service- to bold, beginning at mid-
 night and lasting far into the morning.
   Should he be a tradesman, he must
 wait on his principal customers, and with
 many salamas and obeisances offer them
 presents carefully adjusted to the value
 of their custom. On their side, his pa-
 trons are bound to receive him courteously,
 and to entertain him according to a pre-
 scribed code of hospitality.
   The New Year visits in Japanese soci-
 ety have a ceremonial code of such intri-
 cacy that it takes years to learn. This
 study is one of the recognized branches


Digitized from Best Copy Available


of school education, and covers every-
thing, from bowing to an acquaintance on
the street, up to presentation at court.
The higher ceremonials, such as tea drink-
ing, require a special course of training,
and In Toklo women of blue blood make a
handsome living by teaching it.
  *'Even the coolies at the docks need to
know something of etiquette, for a pre-
scribed bow is required of them by the
policeman on the beat, and a more re-
spectful one still by the inspector.
  Even guides, who have come to regard
themselves as half  Europeans, cannot
escape from the clutches of New-Year
ceremonial; they cease to be guides on
New Year's Day, and become pure Japan-
ese again.   Early in the morning they
assemble at their headquarters in Yoko-
hama, and in their best Japanese robes
set out to make a round of the hotels. At
each hotel they have to offer a present to
the manager, and he provides his best
champagne for them, that they may drink
with him to the New Year. When they
have visited all the hotels in Yokohama,
they must go on to Tokio, and make a
similar round there.
   The mummers, or 'Christmas waits,'
 are abroad early, and keep at their queer
 antics as long as they can stand up. Theo ir
 elaborate programme extends at times to
 a short play.
   The ox-headed mask is turned to all
 manner of uses.   Boys wear it on the
 street while begging.   Mummers mas-
 querade in it, and it frequently does duty
 on the stage, but whether it Is comedy or
 tragedy we do not know.
   I saw a grand effect produced in a
 Kioto theatre last New Year's night by
 the entrance of a pantomime elephant in
 a blue velvet skin and red slippers. It
 had one man for the fore legs and another
 for the hind legs, in proper pantomime
 fashion. There Is a vital difference, how-
 ever, between the New York and Kioto
 ideas of pantomime; the Japanese take
 theirs very seriously.
   In one respect the Japanese New Year
has a distinct advantage over ours-it
lasts much longer.  Native authorities
say it does not really finish till the 16th.
Anyhow, there Is little work done by any
class in Japan during the first fortnlghtof
January, by which time all New Year
calls have been returned, all presents ex.
changed, and life settles down to its ordi-
nary routine.

          MIS 8ANLONSM 0AS.

   The Boston Post has done good service
 to women in calling attention to the
 scandalous case of a respectable girl lately
 arrested as a street-walker by several
 policemen, all of whom swore that she was
 a bad character, perjuring themselves,
 apparently out of esprit de corps. We
 have already published several of the
 Post's vigorous utterances on this subject.
 Its latest editorial is as follows:
        HOOSETT AND THE OTHERS.
   Why was Patrolman Hogsett chosen by
 the police commissioners as the scapegoat
 to bear their sins and the sins of their
 agents in the Hanlon case? Why was he
 punished for giving untruthful evidence
 in court when the other patrolmen, who
 gave testimony to the same general effect,
 were held guiltless by tile Board of
 Police?
   This is the point; Hogsett was specific
 in his charges of immoral conduct on the
 part of Miss Hanlon, giving dates as well
 as places, and as the charges were false it
 was easy for the innocent young woman
 to bring absolutely conclusive evidence to
 prove that she was not at those places on
 the dates named. But the other police-
 met, who testified tc the same general
 effect, prudently refrained from giving
 dates. They swore roundly that they had
 seen her often pursuing a shameful traffic;
 that she was well known to them as a
 disreputable character; but when urged to
 make their accusations more precise, they
 would name no dates.
   What was left for the young woman,
 thus confronted by a broad charge of im-
 morality by men who refused to take
 the responsibility of naming a single
 specific instance? She did the only thing
 possible. Having shown the untruth of
 Hogsett's specific charges, she met the
 vague and general accusations of the
 others by bringing overwhelming evi-
 dence of her good character, which could
 not be impeached-indeed, there was no
 attempt made to impeach it.
   Is not this a very small hole for the
 police commissioners to crawl out of in
 adjudging these other officers guiltless of
 lying while convicting Hogsett as a liar?
 The Infamy of it is that by acquitting the
 associates of Hogsett they Inferentially
 indorse the false evidence brought against
 tbe character of Miss Ilanlon,
   Is there no such thing as justice for
 this young woman under the institutions
 of Boston and Massachusetts?


CONCERNING WOMEN.

  Mts. JULIA WARD HOWE will preside
to-day at the reception and dinner of the
Authors' Club at the Vendome, and the
Marion Osgood Ladies' Orchestra will play.
  Miss BELLE KEARNEY, after lecturing
three months in Pennsylvania, New York,
New Jersey, and adjacent States, will
spend the remainder of the winter with
her parents in Flora, Miss.
  M Is. JANE A. GIBSON, of . urora, Ind.,
made the Veterans' Home Society of the
Indiana M. E. Conference a munificent
Christmas present of a house and lot, 207
Hampton Place, Cincinnati, 0.
  MISS HELEN GOULD fately visited the
naval branch of the Y. M. C. A. in Brook-
lyn, and presented it with a handsome
music-box. It is said she has promised
$50,000 toward the erection of a building.
  MRS. T. W. BInNEY, president of the
National Congress of Mothers, who has
been obliged by illness to forego her social
activities, is now convalescent, and will
soon resume her philanthropic work.
  Miss HAY, the eldest daughter of the
Secretary of State, is about to publish
another book of verses. Her first volume
was well received. The second is repre-
sentative of child life, its dreams and
ambitious.
  Mis. ADMIRAL DEWEY startled Wash-
ington society by announcing that women
as well as men would be welcome at her
New Year's reception. This is the revival
of a custom that was abolished In Cleve-
land's administration.
  Miss SUSAN B. ANTHONY has given to
  Mrs. Elnora 31. Babcock, of Dunkirk,
N. Y., chairman of National Press Work
ior the Suffrage Association, the sole right
to sell the latest and best portrait of Miss
Anthony, from a photograph taken last
November. The price is forty cents, and
the proceeds are to go to the press work.
   Mile. JENNIE C. CitobY, at the iqw
 Year luncheon of Sorosis, recalled the
 fact that thirty years ago a man applied
 for membership, and she answered that
 the club was too young to attend to any-
 thing but its studies, so to speak, and that
 for some time to come its motto must be,
 Principles, not men.
   SIG NOItA DR RIVA MONTE, who ha been
 appointed by the Superior Council of Pub-
 lic Instruction to the chair of compara-
 tive anatomy in the University of Pavia,
 is one of the most learned and famous
 women in Italy. She is a doctor of medi-
 cine, and has written several books on
 subjects relating to comparative anatomy.
 She has been honored by several learned
 societies for her services to science.
   Miss AnnIE EASTMAN, of Phmnix, Ariz.,
 inherited five copper claims three years
 ago, and has been working ever since in
 hotels in California and Arizona to earn
 the money required to hold them until
 they could be developed and sold. She
 has always been obliged to earn her own
 bread, but with the sight of a fortune
 before her she worked harder than ever.
 She persevered, and lately sold one claim
 for $45,000.
   Miss EVELY    ASrHTON FLronu has
 invented a system of teaching children
 music which is more like play and less
 like drudgery. The division of time is
 taught by a game with blocks, and the
 intricacies of the scales are also set forth
 in fascinating fashion. With the notes
 cut out of cardboard, live different and
 amusing games can be played. Fourteen
 games can be played with musical blocks,
 and each game has an object.
   Miss ADELINE W. TORREY, of Orange,
 N. J., carries on a novel business for a
 woman, that of raising mushrooms. She
 began ,t several years ago. After taking
 some lessons from a mushroom-grower
 she branched out alone, and to-day can
 scarcely grow the mushrooms fast enough
 to supply her many customers. Miss
 Torrey has lately added to her mushroom
 Industry a hot bed of violets, and the two
 yield her a comfortable income.
   Miss GENEVIEVE WILSON, daughter of
 a prominent insurance man in Denver, Is
 now on her way to Manila to serve as an
 army nurse. She did good service at
 Huntsville, Ala., and Charleston, S. C.,
 during the war with Spain, her knowledge
 of languages making her an unusually
 valuable nurse. Miss Wilson was born in
 Missouri, and went to Colorado in 1881
 After finishing the school course in Dan.
 ver she studied in Germany and Switzer-
 land for several years. On returning to
 D)enver she was graduated as a nurse from
 the St. Luke's Hospital Training S. h.oi

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