3 Woman's J. 1 (1872)

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VOL. III.                                              BOSTON, CHICAGO AND ST. LOUIS, SATURDAY, JANUARY 6, 1872.                                                                                                    NO. 1.


THE WOMAN'S JOURNAL,
                 - AND -
   IIB WOXAN'S ADVOCATE,
      CONSOLIDATED AUGUST 18, 1870,
A Weekly Newspaper, ublished every Satur  in
RosTON anid CHIAGO, evoted to the interests of 7o.
ma,  to her educational, Industrial, letol and political
uaUty   and easpecially to her rightl ofSufage.
JULIA  WARD  HOWE.........
LUCY  STO0.................         EDITORS.
HENRY   B. BLACK WELL..........
T  W.EIGGINBON....     .......... I
MARY   A. LIVERMORE,  CORnaerONDIO   EDITOR.
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              AN  OERNG.
     There is no flower in all the land,
       Not e'en an April blossom,
    To  shut within your snowy hand,
       Or fold upon your bosom.
     No wind-flower gleaming In the shade,
       No violet 'neath the hedges,
     No columbine its path hath laid
       Across the wintry ledges.
     All, all is bare of bud and bloom,
       Yet in the forest mazes
     Some little brightness for the gloom
       Looks out of shady places;-
    Soft, verdant vines that hide and seek
       And ever go a-straying,-
     Green moss that lays its tearful cheek
       Where  beauty is decaying,-
     Ill gather them from glade and glen,
       The brightest and the rarest,
     And  bind them Into wreaths again,
       And you shall have the fairest.
     And every leaf and climbing vine
       Shall bear some tender token
     Ofthe fadeless love forever thine,
       And the troth by death unbroken.
                  IDA WHIPPLE   BENHA.
   NW   LqxDol,  Dec. 20, 1871.

            TER  TRW 11SEN.
 Over the waters, clear and dark,
 lew,  like a startled bird, our bark.
 All the day long with steady sweep
 egalls   followed us over the deep.
 Weird and strange were the silent shores,
 Rich with their wealth of buried ores;
 Mighty the foreast, old and gray,
 ithte       s   loked in their hearts away;
 Semblance of castle and arch and shrine
 Towered  aloft In the clear sunshine;
 And  we watched  for the warder, stern and
       grm,
 And  the priest with his chanted prayer and
       hymn.
 Over that wonderful northern sea,
 As one who salls in a dream, sailed we,
 Till, when the young moon soared on high,
 Nothing was round  us but sea and sky,
 Par in the east the pale moon swung-
 A crescent dim in the azure hung;
 But the sun lay low In the glowing west,
 With bars of purple across his breast.
 The skies were aflame with the sunset glow,
 The bllowsre all   alame  below;
 The far horizon seemed the gate
 To some mystc  world's enchanted state;
 And all the air was a luminous mist,
 Crimson and amber  and amethyst.
 Then siletly into that fery sea-
 Into the heart of the myste--
 Three ships went sailing one by one,
 The hirest visiont under the en.


I


Like  the flame in the heart of a ruby set
Were   the sails that flew from each mast of jet;
While  darklyagainst the burning sky
Streamer  and pennant  floated high.
Steadily, slently, on they pressed
Into  the glowing, reddening west;
Until, on the far horizon's fold,
They  slowly passed through its gate of gold.
You   think, perhaps, they were nothing more
Than  schooners  laden with common  ore?
Where   Care clasped hands with grimy Toll,
And  the decks were stained with earthly moil?
Oh,  beautiful ships, who sailed that night
Into  the West from our yearning sight,
Full well I knowthat  the freight ye bore
Was   laden not for an earthly shore!I
To  some  far realm ye were sailing on,
Where   all we have lost shall yet be won:
Ye  were  bearing thither a world of dreams,
Bright  as that sunset's golden gleams;
And   hopes whose tremulous, rosy flush
Grew  fairer still in the twilight hush:
Ye  were bearing hence to that mystic sphere
Thoughts   no nortal may utter here-
Songs  that on earth stay not be sung-
Words   too holy for human tongue-
The  golden deeds that we would have done-
The  fadeless wreaths that we would have won!
And   hence it was that our souls with you
Traversed  the measureless waste of blue,
Till you passed under the sunset gate,
And   to us a voice said, softly, Wait!,,

      UATTLEDOO     AND BRUTTECOCK.
   Dr. Samuel  Johnson  pronounced  it essen-
 tial to a great man's fame that he should be
 attacked as well as defended.   Fame,  he
 said, is a shuttlecock, that needs to be kept
 up at both ends. And  this is not true of per-
 sonal reputation only, but of the prestige and
 final success of any great reform. The first
 thing to do is to bring it fairly before the pub-
 lic; to join issue; to get the case into court.
 Now  it takes two to make a quarrel, even a
 legal one; and to bring a case into court im-
 piles a defendant as well u a plaintiff.
   Those who  have never been  trained in the
 advocacy of popular  reforms can never  un-
 derstand that reformers are honestly pleased
 at a certain amount   of honest  opposition.
 How  much  good-natured  condolence we  are
 now receiving, for instance, over the petition
 of sundry well-meaning ladies of Connecticut
 against suffrage. If we say the plain truth,
 that we are glad of such  petitions, and ex-
 pect good  from them,  our  kindly advisers
 shake their heads, and evidently think that
 we are only trying to put a good face on a bad
 bargain, like the Vicar of Wakefield's Moses
 with his gross of green spectacles.
   But surely any one can see how much good
 such open oppositiondoesus. First, these peti-
 tioners advertise our movement, and call the
 attention of many toits importance for good or
 for evil. Then, they allude to our special ar-
 guments,  and among   many   misstatements
 give currency to much  of our truth. Their
 way of handling these arguments, too, shows
 us which  of them  are most efflecious, and
 we watch  them, as in war a general watches
 the batteries of an enemy, to see where his
shot tells. They  lead us to inspect our own
ordnance, too, to lay aside any which Is worth-
less; to cease firing from any batteries which
fall short. We need, in any contest, to know
as much  as possible of the enemy's strength
and  weakness,-or  of our own.
   We all watch with eager interest, also, the
 effect of this contest on our opponents them-
 selves. So far as they go, they are doing just
 what we are urging. We  claim for women the
 right to speak and act for them6elves, and
 that is just what these petitioners are doing.
 We  have always said to them,If you do not
 speakin favor of Woman Suffrage, you oughtto
 speak against it. If you do not sign our peti-
 lons for it, petition the other way. In either
 case you are petitioning, and it is only about
 thirty-five years since John Quincy Adams
 (not the present gentleman of that name) had
 to vindicate for Massachusetts women,notonlyI
 the right of petitioning Congress against slav-
 ery, but the right to petition at all. In main-
 taining that right we have now the powerfhl
 aid of Senator Buckingham and his constitu-j
 ents.
 We hold, not without plenty of practicalI
 illustrations to cite, that for a woman to speakj
 in public against Woman Suffrage is the first.
 step towards speaking for it; that she who be-I
 gina by signing a petition in the negative willI
 be much more likely to. end by a signature ni
 the affirmativehiban if she had never put herI
 name to a petition at all; and the same withI
 all other demonstrations. Themoment  a wo-


man   sees her own name on a bit of paper,-
Jane  Smith,-with  the full and deliberate in-
tent that her modest autograph shall be read
and  quoted in the Capitol at Washington, that
moment   she has begun to act politically. It
is as if in Turkey, she had for once unveiled
her  face In order to deliver more distinctly
her solemn appeal in favor of veils. The act
Is stronger than the theory. Thenceforth she
is, in attitude and consciousness, a strong-
minded  female; and having once grown used
to military service, she Is liable at any mo-
ment  to turn her guns on our side.
   Then  again, if' it happens that there are
 many  people who are resolute and combative
 toward all opponents, who are yet easily de-
 tached and repelled by the follies of their own
 friends, we expect such persons to he convert-
 ed to us by our opponents. Here Is a woman
 who  is invulnerable against the WOMAN'S
 JOURNAL,  but try her with the True Woman,
 If haply a copy of that small and unobtrusive
 antagonist can be discovered.  Dr. Bushnell
 ,has made converts for us, as well as Stuart
 Mill. There  are women   who  will go away
 unmoved  from Lucy Stone, but whom an hour
 of Rev. Mr. Fulton will secure to our cause
 forever.  Where  the  stock in trade of our
 opponents  consists so largely of personal as-
 saults and of undisguised contempt  for wo-
 men,  the more we  have  of their opposition
 the better.
   And,  in fine, all our strategy Is based on the
 belief that we are urging the truth, and that
 the truth will prevail. Nothing  is perilous
 but stagnation, and to fear discussion Is to
 distrust our own cause. And  there is a high-
 er view than this; for of course we only wish
 for  Woman   Suffrage on  condition that its
 principle be true and  right, and if Senator
 Buckingham   and his fair friends can prove to
 us that we have been mistaken, it will certain-
 ly save some of us a great deal of trouble, and
 the sooner they accomplish their benevolent
 work  the better.                 T. W. .

          LTTER   70K' 0110*8.
                      VUoAo, Dec.,   1871.
   DEAR   JOURNAL:-To months since the
 great fire in Chicago, the fire by whose light it
 would  seem  the judgment  books  had  been
 opened, so plainly has character been revealed,
 so nakedly have  human  beings stood before
 their fellows as good or bad. I have listened
 to the recitalof thepersonal experience of more
 than half a hundred people on that dreadful
 Oth of October, and each has told me of deeds
 of charity and real heroism that make one proud
 of one's humanity; andof  acts of selfishness
 that must make their perpetrators wish mem-
 ory could be destroyed, and of fierce, savage
 brutality the thoughtof which even now makes
 one shudder.  Said a good Swedenborgian  to
 me, The  hells were very near us during those
 few days.
   'Tis said the compensations of calamity are
 made  apparent after long Intervals of time.
 Certainly to this generation no one thing, not
 all things combined, can make amends  for A
 destruction unparalleled in the history of the
 world.  People at a distance find compensation
 for our calamityin thespirit of beneficence
 evoked  in so many  lands, in the wonderful
 shower of gifts we have received, and one di-
 vineoes  so far as to say we could not afford
 to have done without the  Chicago fire. A
 disinterestednescomparableonly tothatof the
 late Artemus, who was willing to sacrifice all
 his wife's relatives. Now we in Chicago could
 very well have afforded to do without the fire,
 to keep the noble institutions of our beautiful
 city, for beautiful it was and growing in lovel-
 ness year by year, to have gone on with our
 work, public and private, paying honestly there-
 for instead of feeding our people the bitter
 bread of charity, for bitter it must be, however
 kind the hand that gives.,
   The spirit of this people is something mar-
 vellous. It in rare to hear any one allude to
 money losses; If personal regrets are expressed,
 they are for some cherished household god, and
 all are at work bringing order out of chaos as
 cheerfully as if they had not lost forunes,-the
 women  ministering to neighbors a little poorer
 than themselves, the men putting aside the
 leisure habits to which lives of active usefulness
 had entitled them, and plunging into business
 with the ardor of twenty.
 Where   all suffer,-for this fire withdemonia-
 cal ingenuity contrived to strike every one at
 some point--it is hard to tell what class most
 deserves sympathy. T  my  own heart, as ap-
 parently to that of Mr. Stewart, If we may
 judge by his princely gift, come nearest theI
 women who  supported themselves before theI
fire, and of these, the teachers. Those inthe4
public schools will soon be provided for; the
school-houses must be rebuilt, the city mustI
provide for the education of her children; but
in the ease of private tihwers no such nacessi
tyxists, and they have not only lost the frits


of their labors, but the means by which theyI
lived,-their pupils are scattered to the fourI
winds.   .         .
  The  experience of one of the most success-(
  ful will illustrate what I mean. This one, as
  the result of seven years of hard work, saw her-
  self the 8th of October the occupant of a hand-
  some house with a class of fifty girls, four teach-
  ers in her employ and all the appointments of(
  a first-rate school. Not believing danger im-I
  minent, but having two young ladies with her(
  confided to her care by parentseabsent frommthe
  city, she dared take no risks, and unable to get(
  a vehicle of any sort, left her house with suchE
  things as she could carry In her hands. She
  took refuge with a friend at some distance, and(
  while breaking her fast was arranging to rent
  a vacant house in that block should her ownI
  burn, when she found the fire had reached theI
  rear of the very house she was in. AnotherI
  flight and another, with the flames leaping from
  block to block behind them, five times that dayI
  she sought rest; at last she reached the limits
  of the city, hospitable doors were thrown open
  to her. Can I stay ? for I will not stop again
  till I can stay to rest. Stay and rest. A
  week ? As long as you please. She washed
  the grime from her face, and lay down to seek
  the coveted rest.
  At  midnight a cry came, as startling to them
  in their fanced security as to Samson-'The
  Philistines be upon thee-and out into the
  glare more horrible than darkness they fled,
  Then, aid she,I despaired and but for those
  girls that I knew I must restore to their moth-
  ers I should have lain down and let the fames
  take me*
  Without   a book, without a memento of the
  years of rest in Europe and the years of workI
  here, without afull change of wearing apparel,
  she began the world again.
  Homes   have  been offered her; she has been
  begged to rest at least this winter. No, I must
  work now as never before; if I stop to think I
  shall go mad. A ltte room  in the West Di-
  vision, a class of three in the one house left
  standing in the North, a German lesson or two
  in the South-such is the beginning of one of
  our most accomplished women.. The last time
  she came in for the place alwaysi aiting fbr
  her she had been five miles for the one eobon
  and the one dollar. But I need the dollar.,
  To  the General Relief such persons cannot go
  even by their friends, and the special funds,
  divided among so many, only supply the most
  pressing needs, for in what is left of our city
  there is unfortuately more than one similarly
  situated.
  Those   who taught only music, drawing and
  the languages are of course in sorry ilight, for
  these are luxuries burned-out people think they
  must dodwithout, as usual economizing In the
  wrong direction.
  An   Italian whom I left two years ago with
  daily lessons enough to support herself and
  continue the education of her son, I found with
  her son, who receives for his work li a shop
  the enormous sum of four dollars a week, in
  one room, with one mattress, and no phiow
  but the shawl she wore during the day. Imt,
  mediate wants we Bsoon supplied, but the sew-
  Ing machine! for by that she expected to live,
  lesons, you know, being out oftthe question.I
  Yes, too well I knew it, but I said within my-.
  self, if the women who are to wear the epbrol-I
  dered dresses, which it seems are the fashion1
  in spite of the fire, wouldbutthink plain gowns
  in good taste and pay the differencefor lessons!
  Most  of the gifts we receive come shackled
  with conditions. Thus the sewing-machines
  are for worthy seamstresses who lost theirsI
  in the fire,' As if all must furnish proofl ofI
  saintliness before beingpermitted to earn their
  bread. My little Italian was noteven a seam-
  stress he had lived by her brains, which are
  at a vas unthere now. Luckily theBeverend
  to whom are consigned the coveted machines
  has that inusele which often proves such , 4
  troublesome posseslon, and took the respon-
  sibility of following his own kind Instincts
  rather than the letter of his instructions.
  The  good things given by pitying ones flow
  to our destitute through many channels out-
  side the General Relief, and I only wish these
  were multiplied, for it lessens the Iurdens of
  the sadly over-worked managers of the Aid So-
clety, and saves the time required for the prop.
er making  out of the tediously long papers that
must  be approved before the Issuing of an or-
der  for anything.  Trying  to persons who
have little strength and less patience, but nee-
essary, doubtless, to prevent the greed of those
that already have means of support, and enableF
the society to carryIts heavy burden throughv
the winter, that threatens to be as pitiless for b
us as the last was forthe wretchsin beleaguer-
ed Paris. The  wind never is triperd to the
shorn lamb, but blows as keenl a if the shiv-
erer had not lost his fleece.
  But'whygoon with a   reeltal of  the woes
thathave taken awayall the joy oflife brusla
Another  day I will try to tell youof some of C


Digitized  from  Best  Copy  Available


the means women   are taking to lighten these
burdens, for we have learned that even the
coarse work, still imperative, cannot be well
done unless elevated by something finer and
more spiritual.
  A new helper we have, one we feared lost to
us by the fire-Dr. Mary Safford. As brave as
she is skilled, she has pitched her tent in the
desolate city, and is gathering about her those
that will love her as well if not ab to appre-
ciate her so fully as the friends she left in Ger-
many.   For the first time we have a woman
doctor who has had all the advantages of in-
struction and hospital practice men enjoy.
  The right hand of fellowship has been cor-
dially extended to her by all of her own school,
and some of the Professors of the Old School
College have expressed a wish she should vi-.
It their classes, bt they could not answer for
the deportment of their pupils. Fortunately
she need not risk rudeness, as she can have lit-
tle to learn from lectures addressed to' such
persons. Yours,       KATE  N. DoGeTT.

        CONCERNING WOMEN.
  Four ladies are studying In the Bussey In-'
stitution of Harvard University.
  Miss Phoebe Cousins, of St. Louis, has been
admitted to practice as a lawyer.
  The late Mrs. Jacob Whiting of SouthHing-
ham, mother  of the late Joseph J. Whiting of
Boston, left a bequest of $3000 to Tafts Col-
lege.
  Mrs. H. L  Simonds, of Morton, Wis.,made
and  sold from the  milk of four cows  1024
pounds of butter, from January 1 to Novein-
ber 24, 18C
  Women   have been admitted as members  of
the parish by the Unitarian society at Spring-
field and also as members of the FirstUnitari-
an Pariqh in Hingham.
  Ithoda, the new serial story, the opening
chapter of which appears in Merr's M m
for January, waslwritten by a niece of a.-
known  Ne*  England poet.
  Miss  Margaret -A. [moAnih   was the   rst
in the prize list ofstudents who attended Pro
fessor Huley's recent coure of Instruction i
biology for teachers of science.
  A  Vermont  lady has a girls' school in Yoko
hams,  Japan, which v as opened on the las of
September  last, exclusively for girls, and is
numbersseventeen   pupils now.
  It is rumored that MissNilsson will appear
no thore on the European stage, but willmar-
ry and retire into private life as soon as hr -
gagement In  this country ls over.
  The  Miss E. A. Taylor who is writing a sto.
ry for Macmillan's Magazine, calle.Between
the Hills, is a daughter of Sir Henry Taylor
the  author of Philip van  Artevelde, the
Statesman, etc.
  Mrs. Mary Clemmer   Ams   is to write the
memoirs  of Alice and Phebe Cary.  The  le.
ters and papers left by the two ssters will be
Intruated to Mrs. Amses, who wal one of their
most intimate friends.
  Mrs. H.  8. Baird, of Green Bay, Wis, has
been recommended   by  Gov. Fahrhild to  -
colve and superintend the distribution of gifts-
for the relief of the wonen and children who
were reduced to destitution by the grea ree
of the Northwest.-
  Miss Betsey WHileas,who died the othse
day, in her 824 year, cherished the meor of
her great ancestor, and in her willleaves fhrm
to the city of Provdence, with a proviso that a
monument  be erected to Roger Williums whlah
shall cost notless tian $500.
  The Queen  of Holland, who lnte
self warmly in the literary people or,.
while visitIng there some time ago; made a
of ihe artists of Rme, morerecently,bestowag-
the greater part of her attention on the stu-
dios, and especially noticing Mr. Buchanan
Read.
  Mrs. Caroline L. Barnard, forierly of this
city, but now a residentof Lyn, has provided
at an expense of $300  a pump  and  a stone
drinking-fountain, at the junction of Min and
Summer  streets. The fbuntain is exceedingly
large, and is especially Intended for the use of
animals.
  Miss Bertha Gerolt, the baon's daughter, is
not yet located. She did not accompany her
father to a German convent, as reported, but
stayed in Washingtona a postulan, witheome
present prospect that she will get thed of cou.
vent life, and resign before her season of pro.
bation isover.
Over   800 sewing machines  have  been  t-h
nished to the sewingwmen  of Chilago by thi
Belief Society. They are valued at 00 esb,
bu arefthrnishedlbythemanotheturerstor$8.
Of this aouatthe  Belief Boolety donsatei~
and the hotlplenit obligates herself to th~e
the  $10 wigtimoe  year.
                  144,.

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