25 Women's J. 1 (1894)

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VOL. XXV.


B OSTON,


SATURDAY, .JANIARY 6, 1894.


________________________________________ S                                   S                                                                            S


The Woman's Journal.
     FOUNDED BY LUCY STONE.
  A Weekly Newspaper, published every Saturday
ia BosTON. evred to the mterests of woman-
to her educational, Industrial, legal andpolitical
equsality, and especally to her right og suffae.
                EDITORS:
       H. B. BLACKWELL
       ALICE STONE BLAIKWELL.
           ASSISTANT EDITORS:
       FLORENCE X. ADKINSON,
       CATHARINE WILDE.
       OCOASIONAL CONTRIBUTORS:
    JULIA WARD HOWR,
    KAT A. LIVERMORK,
    Mae. H. M. T. CUTLER,
    ELIZABETH STUART PHELPS WARD,
    MARy PUTNAM JA.0OBi, M. D.,
    FRANCES E. WILLARD,
    MARY P. EASTMAN,
    DR. EILY BLAORWELL,
    MISS MARY E. BEEDT,
    PROr. ELLEN HAYES.
    MRS. ELLEN. B. DIETICK.
    HARRIET PRESCOTr SPOrFORD,
    DR. LELIA G. BEDELL.
    Kits. LAURA M. JOHNS,
    Mn. ADELAIDE A. CLAFLIN.
    Ms. LILLIE DEVEREUX BLAKE,
    DR. ALIDA C. AVERY,
  BOSTON OFFICE-NO. 3 Park Street where copies
are for sale and subscriptions received.
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is a sample copy of the paper, sent to you for your'
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      J. B. MORRISON, Business Manager.

         For the Woman's Journal.
         KNIOHTHOOD    T]IRNAL.
            By ALIR Z sOWN.
      Delay no more by altar fires,
      Nor stay for prayer and vow I
      The battle-ground's beneath thy feet,
      The time for steel is now.
      What need hast thou of mortal lance,
      Of sword, or saving shield ?
      What need of armor burnished bright,
      By allen hands annealed?
      From helm to greave, thy mall shall be
      With thine own passion wrought;
      Tempered with heat of white desire,
      And forged by, clanging thought.
      Thy sword shall be the naked truth,
      For scabbard never made;
      Thy shield of holy chastity,
      Twin foe of hacking blade.
      The bowers of peace are cool and fair,
      But not for thee they bloom;
      What wouldt thou earn, 0 lingerer,
      In rose-enshadowed gloom ?
      One little hour of joyance vile,
      Of base, self4tainted breath;
      Apples with ashes at the core,
      The cup that tastes of death.
      The bugle cries for thee! Arise,
      And face the bannered field,-
      Vowed evermore to fight and die,
      But not to live and yield;
      Content to leave the day unwou,
      The lust of fame forego,
      So thou mayst march one step in time,
      Or strike one gallant blow!

    EDITORIAL NOTES.

    Goverior Greenhalge, of Massachusetts,
 was Inaugurated on Jan. 4, and In his In-
 augural message he recommended muni-
 cipal sufage for women, as follows:
   The expediency and justice of extending
 to women the right. of municipal suffrage
 hal been brought to the attenton of prev.-
 ou Legislatures. The tendency of mod-
 ern thought and modern ivilliatio points
 stronglyin the direction of thisextension.
 The services ofwomen In various publio
 departments are now acknOwledgexdtobe
 of the greatest benefit and emo1fiency,
 Upon shoolbords and In the idnilnis-
 trition of our ublio charities there can
 be no doubt that ahigher development and
 a rapid adyance4n.methods of-man ae-
 ment and t reatme4   have beqn 5CoZ-
 pushed; .nd, fu     '   , the   fil
 tin of w6 mh lathebae? b Ionlet of
 life In almost bvery line 'ofocc pat on and
 work has beenxtlnios% consta    Off  _,
 Ing. Her         106.m e ,o   l   t
 dittonan  c=emblnaeaa           6if
 woudseemI&t?~r~                Iyo
 sharing In the mostmpot      i      o
 the Individual and ctte communiy via.,
 the conduct of public,  e andalsoto
 demonstrate the bn
 such participtin,.  a.:d    t to
 justify the fure step of r  tingI er
 the right of muIcIpl   Itle  Irthee-
 fore command $lts subject to your MOs
 serious cnsiderton.

   A large number of proinent citizens
 and business finlsof Eocester, N. Y.,
 have signed a call br t rally to be held
 in the City Hall:ot Jan. 8. todiscuss the


duty of the coming Constitutional Con-
vention to so amend the organic law of
the State as to secure equal suffrage to all
citizens. The Rochester Democrat and
0hronicle bespeaks a large attendance, and
says, editorially:
  The demand Is founded In justice. The
Negro and the Indian have been enfran-
chised, and women alone remain under
political disabilities. They demand justice.
Let It be granted freely and without any
exhibition of that selfishness which has
so long kept them waiting.

  A conference of the Scottish Labor
Party was    held in  London, Jan. 2.
Mr. James Keir Hardie, a Socialist member
of the House of Commons, presided. A
resolution approving woman suffrage was
adopted.

  The Associated Press reported that only
100 women voted at the recent municipal
election In Topeka, Kan. The official re-
turns show the number of women who
voted to have been 1,341. Remonstrant
arithmetic seems to be a little weak.

  Leland Stanford Universitv,though only
in its third year, has already nearly 900
students, of whom about 300 are girls.

  Funeral services for the lamented A. H.
Howland were held at his residence In
Jamaica Plain, Mass., last Wednesday.
The obituary notice will be given next
week. The family say there Is not the
slightest basis for the theory of suicide,
as the deceased had neither domestic nor
business troubles upon his mind. He was
subject to severe fits of vertigo, and had
suffered from one just beforehe left home.
All the circumstances show that he fell
overboard during one of these attacks.
His mother and wife have the warmest
sympathy of many friends in their great
bereavement. At the funeral the parlors
were filled with intimate friends of the
family and business asgeiates of Mr.
Howland. The services were conducted
by Rev. J. E. Tuttle, of Amherst College,
Rev. C. F. Dole, of Jamaica Plain, and
Rev, X. A. Reynolds, of Cambridge. The
latter clergyman, who was a near personal
friend of the deceased, briefly eulogized
his high character.

THE ORIENTAL P2168 ON LUCY STONE.
   An article in Nor-Dar (the New Cen-
 tury), an Armenian paper published at
 Tiflis, In the Caucasus, says:
 Two weeks ago there died in Boston
 one of the great persons of the United
 States of America,-Mrs. Lucy Stone. We
 are accustomed to hear and to read of
 gret men; but a great woman, to
 us Orientls'why ony to ur? even to
 the  uropeas-seems angaIe. How Is
 It possible that a woman should he gret?
 A woman can and must be nie, ten-
 der, womanly, sometimes even tal-
 ented, but to be great does not belong
 to her. Greatnesa [ igranted only to men.
 This is our usual idea in regard to great-
 ness.
   But the social order of America and the
 free spirit of its Institutions produce such
 strong and independent personaliles as
 that ot Mrs. Lucy Stone. A Iron will
 and womanly tenderness; a persistent
 and unflinchlng fight for the Idea, and- a
 loving and pitifl .heart; broad social
 activity and a spoties family life were
 united in her. Her ideal was to jefend
 the rights of the oppressed.
   An account follows of Mrs. Stone's
 early life,. J'r work, her beautiful death,
 and her funeral services, and an outline of
 the present jsiion of the Women suf-
 fnge cause In teUnited States. This
 article has been eoped Into other Oriental
 Journals, and has gone ithe rounds of the
 papers in Constantinople.

      WOMEN IN THE CHUECR0S.
   Miss )eborah Knox, wiii ksaid to be
 a linel descendent of old John Knox, the
 Scotch reformer, is preaching ito  eoun.-
 t   townsof eastern Conn        Itiu and
 Westen 1)104. Island. She is ,a s0ool-
 teacher In the village of Woodvile, Rq'1.,
 on week-daysilieirving her sermons for
 Sunday.- Shels' . nly nine6teen, but Is said
 topossess a marvell us power overth
 rough country                   l bu e oe.
   Rev. Olympia Brown4 the tor of the
 Univrsalist daurhat Xkwanago, Wig,
 nd pre side t of hlse ias sn W.I S. A.,
 preaeaidroetonheLssm ono
 .the Life of Lucy Stone, efor ng tie


 te worl   betu,    and made thm    sh
 bsis of an earnest appear for philan-


thropic work. The sermon was well
received.
  Rev. Amanda Deyo, In San Diego, Cal.,
paid an eloquent tribute to Mrs. Lucy
Stone on Dec. 10, placing her beside the
fathers of this country. If Washington
and Adams and Jefferson deserve a high
place upon our nation's scroll, said Mrs.
Deyo, so does Lucy Stone. The old
thought was that kings rule by divine
right, but these men said that life, liberty
and the pursuit of happiness are the in-
alienable rights of all men. And Lucy
Stone added 'Of all women, too.' Now,
with twenty-two States in line, allowing
woman's vote on the school question, and
two States granting her full suffrage-
Wyoming and Colorado -the mighty
works for justice and truth of this brave
pioneer are her memorials.
  The Daughters of the King Is an organ-
ization belonging strictly to the Episco-
pAl church, and corresponding to the
Brotherhood of St. Andrew in the same
church. It must not be confounded with
the King's Daughters, although It has
adopted the same emblem, and worko on
similar though not identical lines. The
Daughters of the King held their first
national convention In Baltimore not long
ago. There are three hundred chapters
in the United States. Mrs. M. J. Frank-
lin, of Baltimore, is president, and Miss
E. L. Ryerson, of New York, secretary.
                            F. M. A.

   TALIS ON HOUKEKOLD ECONOXIC     .
   The era of newly educated womanhood
 is already beginning to bear fruit in scien-
 tific endeavor to place the household in
 more healthful conditions than was possi-
 ble while women possessed little more
 than a smattering of accomplishments.
 From the first move to extend the science
 of true nourishment, we are now passing
 to studies of true sanitation as embodied
 In knowledge of heating, lighting, venti-
 lation, and In comprehension of the dan-
 gers to be shunned In domestic baits for
 bacteri* of whose existence the unin-
 structed housewife is apt to be wholly
 Ignorant. The National Housekeepers'
 Economic Association was Instituted for
 the express purpose of rouiing women to
 a sense of their responsibility, not only as
 housekeepers, but, first, as house-builders,
 or u directors of how houses should be
 built, in order that home-making may be
 started upon the right basis.
   It Is a pleasure to learn that several rep-
 resentative women of Boston, Mrs. James
 T. Field, Mrs. Charles X. Inches, Mrs.
 Barrett Wendell and others, have Invited
 the Massachusetts vicepresident of the
 Nationl Houekeepers' Economic Assocl-
 ation, Mrs. Minerva B.Tobey, to jive a
 series-of talks on those topics which
 housekeepers most need to know. Begin-
 ning Jan. 8, the lecture will follow for
 six continuous Mondays, at 112 Newbury
 Street, Boston, at 8 P. M., tickets for
 single lectures or for the series being pro-
 curable of Mrs. Inches, 386 Beacon Street.
 To young housewives, or tothe girls who
 are. prospective home-makers, either for
 themselves or for others, these soentifc
 talks will be- invaluable, for, unfortu-
 nately, knowledge ofsanltationis still too
 largely the newest of new learning, and it
 is not easy even to find out how little we
 know on this subject until suchopportuni-
 ty as the present one Is afforded us.
   How closely morality tsconnected with
 proper food, clothing and iPdglng'Is a
 thought just beginning to dawn upon the
 dwellers In cities; hence, everyone who
 has learned the near relation between
 sound living and morals must gladly wel-
 come an addition to the ranks of the
 teachers upon this question.
   As influence  works downward, an
 arbused and lively Interest on the part of
 those who are social eemplars must, i
 time, kindle the torch of those who now
 suffer most from the evils of Ignoant
 livIni. Even the poorest may have in-
 creas   health and strength, ind conse-
 quently greater comfort, when unsanitary
 dwellings dill have become as much ob-
 jectsof reprobatin as Illteray. A de-
 md for bett &thlngs must'oljays Inevi-
 tably precede a supply o0b  .rthng,
 and as only knowledge can beget the
 demand, those who stimulat kiowledge,
 ho~weer It       may sem ther effort,
 a   relly therue creor      f a better
 ea   It Igreatly to be hopedthat Ms.
 Toliep's leotutswll be glm i n every,11io
 oenth~'~o  Wehe n ostoin, And thatthe
 )  opportnltyof heaing her.
     •ELLUN BATrKLLUDETEnsCK.


AN AMERICAN GIRL AT A SWEDISH
              FESTIVAL.

  Few American girls have ever acted the
part of a Swedish peasant at a Swedish
national festival. Miss Mabel H. Barrows,
the daughter of the editor of the Chritian
Register, had this unique experience last
summer. She gave so graphic and inter-
esting an account of It In a letter to her
parents that, although the letter was not
written for publication, we have obtained
leave to share it with our readers. She
wrote from Stockholm, Sweden:
  .3y dear Papa and Alamma :-Have I not
  always said that I would sometime dance
  before a king? Yesterday I did, and
  with a button off my shoe at that. But
I mustn't spoil my story by beginning at
the wrong end.
  Skansen's Varfest is over-the happiest
  and loveliest thing imaginable-one that
I shall remember always. For manydays
beforehand we were getting ready, and
last Thursday It really began. Friday,
Saturday and Sunday It was In full swing,
Monday there was a pause, but Tuesday
was the climax and received the special
name of National fest,an It was Gustav
Vasa's birthday.
   The glorious spring weather came upon
 us at last, and though It rained one or
 two days, it did no harm, and no one
 seemed to mind. The beauties of Skanse
 are not to be described. With the trees
 In full least, the deep gram bright with
 flowers, the birds all singing, and the air
 so sweet, It was a delight to be alive and
 there.
   There were two hundred girls in cos-
 tume. Such pretty girls as most of them
 were! all in the 'brightest color&, which
 completed the perfectness of the picture.
 There were also a hundred ladles in cos-
 tume, in charge of the booths. Of men
 there were not so many, naturally, but
 still r goodly number. Most of them rep-
 resented special characters.
   Most of the booths stood in a long wavy
 row, at unequal distances, on the slope
 opiposit the pond,-thelovely pond where
 the swans swam to and fro as if nothing
 unusual were going on, as If we had not
 all been set back to the seventeenth cen-
 tury.
   For in the seventeenth century it was--
 or was supposed to be, in the reign of
 Gustav II. Man of the things were
 really old, and the others wes made as
 accrately a possible. Over esah booth
 was a ittle    card   ling what plaes
 It represent   as Smaland, Blene,
 Osteraker, and others.
   The booths were well and substantialy
 made, and nicel ainted. Most of tham
 had quaint old swig   signs     valu-
 0r    tet1oable movady. Wis the a'the
 cary's, te p ter sh     e for wboden
 ware, one for fruits an ve stables sev-
 eral for wine and puah' cigar .hops
 flowers; one booth for b redsad butter
 milk and heese. Tbere was one  we
 waffles wereookedby ch    imaidens,
 several lotteries which Itrae    wth
 proper -soern, and ever so many other
 things. There mwasa fine pestfflbe, with
 the loveliest old country postmater.
   Our shop was the  Kyddbed org
 cery shop, and so we ha  thelong black
 broom stuck outin fruat, as they always
 do here, though why I know not. It was
 finely arranged, wth the nlcest shelve
 and drawers at the back. We had all
 sorts of groceries and canned thines and
 soap and ponges and co0 , leadpei,
 blualt t, orangsa, pepper, mtches, etc.
 Quite an ouUtt yen see;. Ourosum
 was Osteraker and very pretty.'
   Some of them had tents @and awnings
 Instead of booths. Between u and oae
 road stood an old wagon loaded with bws
 kets. We had a most delightful oc oni
 just back fron the pondo      on    It
 and the rest of the graund sad hand -
 ngalovelyview. We eo'ldAlob    e
 very well, which is a good thingWbe
 one hm much to sell.
   The pituresque old inn was used aIa
 .nd youa'n tis'-e how r        mantW
 It Iii tO it In the longl Wroom, t
 heavy bims hung wlitho   samplean
 tlhe b~ehes covrroed wit I 4fyle c'eh
 Ions.,Then t*e gay coft ,UMsoftgirs
 sthor an about i the dilight
 &&me throuh the tiny wndowsi
 ight! Outof doors, ' 'o te      i-
 front of the i nwas a ee     ihai
 iud chanrs, and -they ,rfeewl ' ~ p~d
 for the gentlemen seemi to And t. ie
 pretty waitresses le th  iual favot
 to th go   thins 'the eat,; '
   Other old' hoftes and buildings were
   used 'for V*O0  purposes. One was
 filled with intiqit that were for wsle;
 It Made an.apprelt shop. At the
 place where'tWhe rendeer arekeptand
 where th    Ipp dwellinS are, was
 whole L]00psetlement.   ae Were
 good many young girls there, one or two
 gentlemen anid somechildren., ' ThIpl
 cstme     yad.At the               p
              Sae t~   th*I~       r
 theirhuts.' Tha4eIr res lIt I pp
 (not l0) dI lk %      ton the gan
 d aew                             dn
        area      I      sld*-with their
            ps             tdade.
         The tretlat bf'ilthoughb, was
  In thellt  i i, wl     dto. There
  the Vikings )eld 5.       here  were


No. 1.


CONCERNING WOMEN.
  MIss JESSIE COLSON is president of the
Field Club of Woodstown, N. J. She had
charge of the State agricultural exhibit at
the World's Fair.
  MRS. MAUD HOWE ELLIOTT has alled
for Europe to spend the rest of the winter
In Rome with her ahnt, Mrs. Terry the
mother of F. Marion Crawford..
  LADY HENRY SOMERSET has been hold-
ing meetings in North Wales, where the
British Women's Temperance Association
was practically unknown before. She
has had immense audiences.
  MRS. MARY WALKER, of Atlantic City,
N. J., recently applied to the City Council
for permission to work out the amount of
her taxes in doing city work on the
streets, in ompany with bet husband.
The request was granted.
  MISS JULIA STIMERS was the only
American woman who had a lithographic
exhibit at the Columbian Exposition. She
is the pioneer woman lithograpber In New
York, and is employed by a leaing firm,
receiving the same pay as a man for the
same class of work.
  MRS. MARGARET WOODS LAWRENC1
who, at four-score years, is yet an active
member of'the Abbot Academy Club, has
within the past year added fifty pages to
the new edition of her Tobacco Prob-
lem, a book which shows great research.
Her Marion Graham, a theological
novel, created a sensation in rellgloui cir-
cles on its appearance some yeas ago.
  Missns Am  arnd BIesam Gouwwwent
  with Mis Wilard on a vist to Esstnor
  Cale, Lady Henry Somerse's reWene
  sttar which they left for Paris tad San
  Sebastian, Spain, to visit their misonar
  sister, Mrs. Alice Gordon GOi1*k, vice-
  president of the W. C. T. U. for Spain.
There they expected to spend the boli
days, returning to England soon after
Jan. 1.
  Miss WILL ALLN DROMOoOLz, one of
  the writers who have made the Tennessee
  Mountains-seem a region of romnce and
  deljght, has tasted some. of itl.e pnis-
  mesa m.. Per ny year d was

  rnti expected ato eotinue1n that pel-
  tieD indefinitey. She ftinallylestt, owr-
  ever,cuetemountliners di not
  ihte tobewritt up. One         esuofteiaa-
  rs *rose ad said that he Ws 4a14 her
  because she wrti githe inmmtaas ad
  madsthe IVeopletl    ihbkadI,


  fo stun'my foo delwun ohals. I
       Et RzmaE. URiGe, the.Washington



 correpen, -01,I, I pad'of
 agaist shere-iisie       e lc r ja
    which Lortw~t-Oft   40111jara s bee%
 doegbsiness In defte of fte law.In
 a lettartoth*6e onimssionma ashesays't
 The statutes dec'lare 40ft ot must lnter-.
 ave nebetwee eptat n
 school house. ft  order to mate ti



 nume th p tat .Is ' aeins tea o
 Using the stra igh mln, as theisla t.
 tended.The lw     alsosyspopry
 iolders in close prmxbnlty msO sign th
 ptt. I Own the landopposie.
 havenever signed a petitin. fia opa
 with other   omenhad an i      -    .have
 plededto have this place closed,4,1
   hvto pass isi t 0nitfIg   h  w
 w1ay to 1my houf sef o qstreet car  I
 aft Only plead for the youth,, bat for m-
 a,61tand seery other woman who has tq
 ravel at'sa late hour alone. More tbsi,
 one thousand chiren Of 'the public
 sco-*  fceti standing mes.'f
   MXe. Vua4MA, D.Youxu,1.1 Firfax,
      6.4,is~e  y h    xmlo~s


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