2 Woman's J. 1 (1871)

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VOL. II.                                            BOSTON, ST. LOUIS AND CHICAGO, SATURDAY, JANUARY 7, 1871.                                                                                                      NO. 1.


                 THE -


              I -AED-

THE   WOMAN'S ADVOCATE,
     CrNSoLWATEDbAUGUST 18,18rd,
          oAoo,  devoted to the I.tets o o
               al, rndusIrl,tIlea and political
F4    ad  epecal   y e  ih  fSuffrage.
      39ARY A.LIV ERIO1RE. EDIO  .
  ju  A  R. .low g, L ,o    D   .ENRY B.
      su,,and T. W. Hnispusox, Associate Ed.
 Ct   _o Address, care of Go. SHERWOOD, 105
         Address, FANNYf HoLY, Insurance .Ex.
  8   Building, Roon 18, corner Fifth and Olive

  TERas-s.5oa year, invariably in advance. Sin
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  jr=imAsubscriptions  received by Tnca NEw
  iLAND  saws Co., 41 Court street, Boston, and
  ga' AxAmon Newa  Co., 119 Nassau street, New
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  tATES OF ADVERTISING-l  nosquare of eight
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             ByHELEN      NT.

   Not he who rides throu conquered  city's
     g tel
   At hea fbl i ed hosts and to the sound
   Of victoea trumpets , in fu pomp and state
   Of wa, the stiost pite has  dreamed  or

   To w       thrill of triu ph can be wound;
   Not he'w by aination's At acclaim
   Is en den   ht  d sing1 d out alone,
   And, while the people ma shout his name,
   Without a eonson purpc , of his own
   Is swung adliftd to the tion's throne;
   But he who has alIngle- nded stood,
   withbfoes invisible tni ever side,
   Ad, unsuspected  the  m titude,
   he force of fate iIf has red, defied,
   ndconquiered sle tly-
                      Alh that soul knows
     what  white he   the blood of triumph
     glow

           TE  0LD  WE     SONG.


Sixtyars old   .row,   Joh,
   Andstill we tw arehere,
While iany of the' ng and gay,
   The beautift Il dear,
Are slumbering intih chill ground,
   The sod above than growing;
While, strange to tell life still with us
   Is bright as evqrvLwing.
We never will gre jy ,dear John.
   For we~ ipgtopjher
As when in sunny, glome  days,
   So in stormy wealr;
O14 Age, his grsp upa is then,
   Shall strive In va to fasten,
For we will joyously tIwn
   Ife's bouding  srym hasten.
AMl though we  aiy    old, dear Joht,
   Within, our hearare will
Be joy, and yoth, angladness-all
   Litgering  litius till.
Though wrinkles, tracdAtppon the brow,
   D~eclare thatwe aold, love,
ellet  the spring-tholin our hearts
   the                  hd, love.


           NOT 5oWe.
know not what wili !fl inch God  hangs
    4 mist o'er my eye'
 So'er each ystep of  dnward  path He
    ake     w sceneso rise,
d  every joy He seuds ser comes as a sweet
    and glad surprise,-
see not a step before meas 1 tread the days
    of the year,.
It the past is still in Gl's keeping, the fu-
    thais tlmercy shalclear,
 ul what looks dark inathe distance may
    brlghten as I drawnar'.
>r perhaps thie dreaded thwre has less bitter-
    ness thnIlthink;
 o        aLord tey weeten asi water before I
    stoop to drink.
 ifdarah Mustbe  Maral, He will rnd be-
    e   Its brink.
 may befthere Is waiting for the coming of
    MnY feet,


ome  gift of such rare blessedness, some joy
     so strangely sweet,
hat my lips can only tremble with the thanks
     I cannot speak.
 restful, blissful ignorance! 'Tis blessed not
     to know,
t keeps me quiet in those arms which  will
     not let me go,
laid hushes my soul to rest on the bosom
     which loves me so.
o I go on  not knowing!   I would not if I
     might;
I would rather walk on in the dark with God,
     than go alone in the light,
I would rather walk with Him by faith, than
     walk alone by sight.
ify heart shrinks back front trials which the
     future may disclose,
Yet I never had a sorrow but what the dear
     Lord chose;
So I send the coming  tears back, with the
     whispered word, He knows.


        MR. GHES' MISTAEE.
  It has been said of that good friend of Amer-
ica and ofchildhood,Mr. Thomas Hughes, that
Ro man was more  cordially received by Amer-
icans, or saw less of them. The workingmen,
the politicians and the radicals, have all sev-
erally complained that he found very little op-
portunity to observe them, except through the
windows of some  Cambridge  library. It was
his misfortune that his visit was so short. It
was  fortunate, perhaps, for his own enjoy-
ment that he spent it precisely ashe did. But
it certainly impaired the value of his general-
lzations.
  It is especially a pity that he should have
given a fresh lease of life to the old delusion
that educated Americans  take no interest in
politics. This maxim has had  many years of
life in Europe, on the authority of De Toque-
ville, and has pointed the moral  of  many
European  attacks upon America.  It is a pity
that It should do another thirty years' work
of mischief whi set in motion by Mr. Hughes
And  it has a special bearing on the woman
question, because if educated men forswea
politics, why should not educated wonen ?
  Now  it is natural to ask, in what part o
America  is it that educated men do not inter
est themselves in politics? It will not bepre
tended that it is n the vast States of the West
nor  in the South, except as temporarily de
ranged by the war.  In those States the ca
reer of public life still attracts to it the bes
educated young  men, and the same Is true o
the rural parts of the Middle States. Even
in New York  city, though the ward-politician
are  not college-bred men, their advisers or
agents in the newspaper press and in the court
rooms  are such. Tweed  and Sweeney  may or
may  not be college graduates, but the editor
of the World are. Fisk, Jr., is not a graduat
of anything but  the pedlar's wagon, but hir
legal adviser, David Dudley Field, is. Fron
the  Tribune to the Sut, the majority of th
intellectual labor of the New York  press i
done  by college men, They may  not win th
prizes, but they do the work.
   The circle is then narrowed to New  Eng
 land. But no one who  knows antything of our
 rural colleges in New England, such as Dart
 mouth and Amherst,  will say that their grad
 uates do not interest themselves in politics
 How is it with Yale? Yale has always boaste
 of the number of Its graduates who have dis
 tinguished themselves in public life. The in
 quiry brings us back to Harvard, and Harvar
 alone.  I do  not know  another  college i
 America of whom it can even plausibly be as
 serted that its graduates are Indifferent to pol
 itics. And if I know  anything about  Har
 vard, if such an evil exists there, it is of ver
 recent origin, and Mr. Hughes should have ad
 dressed his warnings, not to the young men
 but to the present set of teachers who trait
 them.
   The writer was born  and bred  under th
 shadow of Harvard College; his father was a
 officer of the InstitutiOn, and he had no hom
 but Cambridge  for twenty-tbree years.  H
 has lived in New England ever since, and ha
 never yet seen the time when he himself, an
 most of his com peers, were not actively inter
 ested in politics on the one side or the other
 Those  who   became   clergymen   generall
 preached politics, and often lost their pulpit
 for its sake. Those who attempted topursit
 a literary career, like Lowell and Curtis an'
 Dana, were apt to be drawn aside into politic
 and to-end in editiig periodicals of amanke
 political character, like the Sun or Haer'e
 Wyeekly or  the North    American  Reie
 Those who  became  lawyers or business mer
 took ayet more engrossing InterestanPoliticp
 affairs. All these may not have reached pc
 liticaldistinction, but there are not distinc
 tions eough for all, ad the fact that a mar


takes an interest in a thing does not prove that
he  has a gift for it.
   Looking back  over the political influences
 that have successively controlled Massachu-
 setts, we see educated men  (as Mr. Hughes
 would use the term,) behind them  all. Theo
 old Whig  party of the State was devoted to
 the fortunes of college-lred men. The Free-
 Soil party, which broke It up, was founded by
 Sumner,  Palfrey, Allen and Adams-all   col
 lege-bred men-togethqr   with  Wilson, who
 took his honorable  degree at the  lapstone
 On  the other hand, th  Abolitionist party,
 who  certainly interested themselves most ve-
 hemently in  politics, without casting a vote,
 was  led-after Garrisoi-by  Phillips, Q1cy
 and May, all Harvard men.
   Looking  round  ford the  lass of educated
 men  who  are not interested in polities, I find
 this class only in a few enI In our larger cit-
 ies, half spoled by wealth and Europe, who
 have been  pooh-poohing  America and  every-
 thing in it, ever since I can remember. Or in
 precisely the class of men who nestle in some
 of our colleges, and dread nothing so much as
 a  hearty faith or a genuine enthusiasm.  If
 all educated men were  like these, they would,
 of course, have nothing  to do with  politics,
 and  politics would be the gainer. But if Mr.
 Hughes   had  taken the time  to see more of
 these  Americans  who  were  so eager to see
 him,  lie  would  have  found  our  educated
 men   a far more robust and vigorous class of
 human   beings than he seems to imagine.
    Nothing Is harder than for a foreigner, who
  goes for all his information to one set of peo
  ple, to see a nation as a whole. Americans
  themselves may  be so ignorant of America!
  I dined last surymer with two highly educat
  ed young Englishmen,  both eager to know and
  to admire  this country.  There was,  also, a
  highly intelligent young Bostonian  present
  eager to Instruct them. One  of his first bits
  of information was based upon this same cant
  about  the aversion of our educated men  to
  politics. He said, Formerly our college-bred
  men  went to Congress-now   you  find hardly
  any  there.  I asked higi How   many-in
  the House  of Representlitvesfor.ipae?'
  He  said, Probably a deen?   I sadProba'
r  bly fifty. Referring to Poore's Congression
   at Directory, it proved that 08 Representatives
   out of 205, and 31 Senators out of 0, were
-  vholly, or in part, college bred, not counting
-  those who had  merely attended  professiona
  schools. When  a thirdoftthe Lower Hottie,and
-  nearly one half the Upper, belong thus to th
-  class of educated men (according to the Amer
It lca standard, at least), It is absurd to say tha
f  these men do not interest themselves in poll
   ties. And, considering the narrowness  an
s  pedantry that have confessedly marked much
r  of this college education In the past, It seem
-  doubtful whether a very much larger proper
r  tion would be an improvement.
    So  far from saying that  educated men i1
  America  do not interest themselves In politici
  I should say that one great reason of our Infe
  riority in works of literature and science i
e  because our educated men Interest themselve
s  in politics so much. It requires a constant of
e  fort for them to get time for their studies, an
   keep away from the platform and the newspa
-  pers. This is well, for it nakes stonger men
r  though Inferior scholars. Whether  educat
-  ed men exert theirrightful,share of ifuenc
-  in America   is another  question. If  the
  do  not. It Is their own, fault. I cannot con
d  ceive of a more feeble and .querulous figur
-  than that of an educated man, with a pet
-  and a voice at his command,  and the powe
I to influence the whole nation by their means
n  who  yet whines  because, when eleeion-da
*  comes, he can throw personally no more vote
-  than his speechless neighbor.  I trust tha
-  women,  when they vote, will escape such folly
                                   T.W. H.

,  TRE  OLD  YEAR AND TEE nW TEAB.

     I am reading the last pages of that wonder
e  ful volume, the Old Year. Before me lie' th
ni New, with leaves uncut and lids tightly clasp
e  ed and locked. Time, who carries the key, wil
e  neither stop nor hasten.   Glad expectanc
a  watches his coming, and would fain laend hi
I  the speed of wings; eager youth can hardly en
-  dure his tardiness, while hope and fear try to
.  gether at the clasp, longing to steal a glanc
y  between the leaves.
a Ah, beautiful   New  Year, Book  of Days, i
e  which is written a chapter for every living ma
d  and woman,  yoicannotfail  to be full Of late
,  est. In you prophecy will find Its fulfilmen
td and theapparently Impossible become delon
'astrated reality, The heaigrt of the pat will RA
  sate along your  pages, the artist make the
.  eloquent with  the expesion  of his dreams
nI Thee  will be fouind thenitIal ebapter of main
-  a glorious career, the bitter disappointpnent o
  many   a hope, the sad autograph  of many
n  finished life. God's gift-book is the New Year


to be accepted with thankful hearts, and con* t
ned  reverently page by page. Some  we shall A
read withheart-leaps ofjoy, others through hot
tears falling like rain. Standing here before '
the new  volume, we  cannot quite forget the Di
old-the  years that are gone.  How many   of  o
us  would have the courage to go back through T
them  one by one, and live over'li7ven ihiemein- e
brance  their varied experiences, to trace the
pencillings along the margin, and touch  the hr
dead  hopespressedlike spring flowers between
theleaves?   God knows-ewho fthosalltoq
hearts, and metes out to us what is best.    t
   For me It is rite ekough  to linger a littleN
 with the year thAt Is waning, to avail myself
 of the space between the illuminated Christ-.o
 mas page  and the Fnlas for retrospect and N
 farewe!l. I am in no haste for the unlocking
 of the new volume; I find each more closely
 written than the last, and lit place of the fairy
 tales and thrilling romances that once delight-
 ed me, the pages are filled with grave problems
 of middle  life and the lore that makes one
 sad.
   To-morrow   will be soon enough to read thei
 title-page of the new wonder-book; to-night I
 prefer to linger over the pages of the old. Ad.
 dressing for the last time this year the readers
 of the JOURNAL,  my  thoughts go back to myo
 Oist utterance, to the time when, standing In
 the midst of strangers, I reached out my hand
 like one groping ln the dark, if haply I mightI
 touch  that of some fellow-traveller journeyingV
 thle way I went. What  the sun is to the earthI
 love is to the soul. Lacking  recognition its
 powersalie dormant, like grains buried in Egyp-
 tian tombs.  If during the year that is past, I
 have  done any good work, said any word that
 has  been  helpful to other souls, It has been
 largely owingtothe generous appreciation that
 has  greeted my  efforts, the loving trust that
 has  surrounded me like an atmosphere.
    I cannot lot the old year go by without say-
  ing  to the readers of tite JOURNAL,  Dear
  friends, I thank you.  As  week  by  week I
  have come  into your presence I have felt my
  heart warmed   by your sympathy,  upheld by
  your faith, and the ties between us growing
*  ever stronger and sweeter. So deeply consloO
*  am I of this fact, that it sets me to considering
- anew  theproblem  of spiritual forces. I am in-
s alined to think that there is but one force In
e  the universe and that that one is love; that
   our refbrms willosucceed only so far as they are
Imbued with   its spirit, and that the machin-
  ery of the world will continue to creak heavi-
e  ly till it is thoroughly lubricated with the oil
-  of good will.
t    If we could somehow have more faithin peo-
l  pie we should find more good in them, for we
d  go through the world finding just those things
   that we look for. A friend of mine once told
S  me that he had discovered an antidote for an-
-  tipathies. When I find lam in danger of dis-
   liking any one, said he,I seek anropportuni-
1  ty to do him a kindness; and we often fancy
  that people are uninteresting or disagreeable
-  because we do not know them well enough  to
s  have found out their good qualities. Whe we
s  remember  thath itIs the shallowest natures that
-  find most to complain of we have the hint of
d  self-examination lost the poverty we find in
  others should after all be our own.
    I hope  we shall go into the New Year rich
- in faith, believing in the grand possibilities of
e  every human soul; that we shall expect good
y  things, be slow to resent injuries, quick to for-
*  give, and prompt to respond' to every human
e  need.  The millennium  of the race may be a
n  long way off, but the heaven of a loving heart
r  and an unselfish life is within the reach of all,
,s                        CEL.A  BUBLEIGH.
y    159 HUnITOx Sr., BROOKLY.

t
          CONCERNINGWOMEN.
     Vassar  College has received a munifieent
   gift of $20,000, to found a professorship of Nat.
   urial History.
   A   few days since a young lady was appoint-
e  edh stenographer on dity in the oflice of the
.  Secretary of the Interiora position which few
Smen could   fill.
y    Early in January a fair will be opened in
U  Washington  for the relief of the Frenkc atf-
  ferers.  Many  prominent ladies are devoting
-  their energies to the undertaking.
e    A woman   in Newark, N. J., supports a hus.*
n  band and five children on half an acre of land
a  by raising roots and flowers, and  has pur-
  chased  two houses with the surplus profits.
,    Gra.e  Greenwood, In  comparing  different
-  kinds of women,  says: When  the pleasure-
   boat in capsized in asquall, the most fastidous
a  ladies' man has a profound  respect for the
,  woman   who can swim.
y Miss Maria Mitchell   was  chosen  . nember
f  of the American Association for the Advance-
a  ment of Science, on the nomination of Profes-
;  sor Agassiz. She was the first woman admilt-


ed a member  of the American  Academy  of
rts and Sciences.
Tite  Louisville Journal  truthfilly says:
George, Elliot is the successor of Charles
)ickens. A woman  stands to dayat the head
f English fictitious literature, the peer of
ennyson  and Mill, and greater than all oth-
rs.
Mrs.  Clara H. Nash of Columbia Falls, M\e.,
as been appointed justice of the peace and
luorum.  Mrs. Nash has  been studying law
ro idbme time, and she is intending to prac-
ice in connection vith her husband,  F. C*
Nash, Esq., of that place.
Mrs. Amelia  Walker, aladyeghty-our  years
f age, recently akd   over from Westport,
Mfe., to visit her daughter, liviig in Broad Rl-
er district,a distance of five or six miles. She
staid all night and walked back again next day
-the coldest day of the season.
  The rule recently adopted by the Louisiana
State Board of Edication-that no distinction
is hereafter. to be made by  which  women
teachers shall receive less pay than men, when
the services required are equal-affords un-
bounded joy to the advocates of woman'seights.
  Miss Mary Hall, daughter of Dr Hall, editor
of the Journal of Health, is one of the seven
hundred Americans  residing in Dresden, and
is so notably proficient in German that on
her return she will be qualified to assume the
position of tutor in German literature in any
American  college.
  Laura  Bridgman, the deaf, dumb aid blind
girl, whose case so Interested Dickens on his
first visit to America in the year 1842, is now
ott a visit to her sister, Mrs. Simmons, of New-
port, Ky.   The  sisters manage to converse
freely, the one having only the sense of touch
to reach her imprisoned mind.
  An  enterprising girl of twenty, living near
  Alton, Illinois, has contracted with her father
  to dig hnt a well, at seventy-five cents a (ot.
  It is reported that she was twenty feetuider-
  ground at last accounts, and no hds thatthree
  offers of marriage from delighted young farm-
  ers had gone down that hole since it was com-

  Miss Charlotte Cushman  and Miss Stebbins,
  the sculptor, are now in New York,  which
  henceforith is to'be their permanent residence,
  Miss Cushman having broken up her establish-
menis  at Rome  and  London.'  Se will build
a summer  home  at Long Branch   or Newport.
Miss  Stebbins  will probably have  a studio
In town.
   They mix  things considerably In ChinLa.
 mat  tailor may be seen working diligently at
 a lady's dress for about six cents'a day, and a
 washerman  will wash aind Iron your clothes at
 $1 a hundred; while a boatman's wife may be
 seen tugging at the oar or handling the salls
 like a man, often, too, with a baby on  her
 shoulders.
   The  New  York  Jfall says: Many  of our
 tfshionable young ladies have adopted nick-
 names, which  they use on their cards, prefer-
 ring to be known   by them. and to let: their
 proper names  be forgotten. It. strikes a for-
 eigner as rather strange to see cards bearing
 such  names as.'Gerty' this, 'TOody' that, or
 'Pinky' so and so.
   Aionig  the  French  volunteers Is a com -
 pany  commanded  by a post-mistress. She is
 a Polish woman, and fought in the Polish rev.'
 olutioin. She acts at the satme 'time as chap-
 lain and surgeon for her troops, and carries a
 case of instrumets, a cross, a gun and  re-
 volver. Her husband  hasl meanwhile  tai d at.
 home,  and attends to household affairs.
   'Miss Emily Davis, one of the ladies recently
 elected to the London School poard, Itutded
 the Ladies' Colege atHitchlN to be coUnect.-
 ed with the UniversitysatClambrdgthrough
 -whlchanypirl'may  attain thehighest educa-
 tional prizes.: She was inustrutmnental in .pro-
 moting  theOxford  And  Cambridge  local ex-
 amination for girls andI Isecuring the com-
 mission on endowed  schools, andfor years ar-
 tiles from  er pen otn the different branchde
 'ibmale  education and the mods of ilvellho
 for girls have appeared in the reviews. fShe
 ihs  written Higher'  Female   Edtial6n,
 Needliwork  fo Schools,Physicl  !xerises.
 and  RecreatIon  for Girls, Application or
 Funds  for the Educttion of Girls, etc.

            ,A HAPPY  NEW  YEAR.
    Since Its a custom kr and near,
      At the commencement of the year,
    For fliends their wishes to express
      Yr each one's greater hapins,
    so, we, s each new year's begn,,
      Send our regards to every one;
    piecally those who've traded here,
    ''And wish tei a-A  J*52PV New Year.
    We wih the'IBos who ned nwCOTURuS,
      toa, Pants, Vest, Rtt and Shoes complete,
    May buy them still at Gones FaNo',
      Corner of liench and Washington street.


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