18 Woman's J. 1 (1887)

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Vol. XVIIl.                                                    BOSTON, SATURDAY, JANUARY                                                  1,   1887.                                                No. 1.


The Woman's Journal.

  A Weekly  ewspaper, Vublihed every Saturday
in Bos'roao devoted to tleha ntrests o Womain-
to her educational, Industrial, legal, nd political
Equality, and especially to her right of Suffrage.
   LUCY  STONE,
   H. B. BLACK  WELL, Editors.
   ALICE  STONE  BLAC KWELL,
   JULIA WARID IiOWEI,
   MARY  A.Lvin     al
   Mrs. IH. M. T. CUTI.Et,     Occasional
   LouI8A  M. AfoA oTT,'      Contrbutors
   ELIZABElTl STUrAir VIlEI.P'M,
              SUSAN  C. Vil.,
 Business Manager of the Advertising Department.
 TERMS-V2t0R  a year, 1.5 for six mioths,O5cenits
 for three months, otadvance, Icents For single copy.
 CLUIS RATE-5   copies one year, *10.
 All renmittances should be by money or 1P. 0. order
 and addressed always to box 3638, or to WoiAN's
 JOURNAL.
 BoToN   OFFICE.-No.5 Park Street, where copies
 are for sale and ubscriptions receied.
 The  Pennsylvaia Womn Suffrage Association at
 Philadelplin,, 700 Arch Street, have copies of the
 WOMAN  S JOURNAL for sale.
 Specimen copies sent on receiptof two-cent stamp.
          NEWSPAPER   DECISIONs.
   1. Any person who takes a paper regularly from
 the postoite - whether directed to his name or
 another's, or whether lie has subscribed or not-is
 responsible for the payment.
 2.  If a person orders his paper discontinued, lie
 must pay all arrearages, or the publisher may con-
 tinue to send it until payment Is made, and ollect
 the whole amount, whether the paper is taken from
 the office or not.

            WHAT   TIME IS IT ?
          What time Is it?
          Time to do well-
            Time to live better-
          Give up that grudge-
            Answer that letter-
 Speak a kind word to sweeten a sorrow;
 lie that good deed you would leave till to-morrow,
          'ime to try hard
            IIi ltt new situation;
          Time to toilid up on
            A solid foundation,
 Giving up needlessly changing and drifting,
 Leaving the quicksands that ever are shifting.
          What time is it?
          Time to be earnest,
            Laying up treasure;
          Time to be thoughtful,
            Choosing true pleasure;
 Loving stern justice-of truth being fond;
 Making your word just as good as your bond.
          Time to be happy,
            Doing your best-
          Time to be trustful,
            Leaving the rest,
 Knowg,   in whatever countryor cime,
 Ne'er can we call back one minute of time.

      EDITORIAL NOTES.

   A  Happy  New  Year to you!

   'The New   Year  finds  the friends  of
 woman   suffrage  more  active       and  more
 numerous  than  eve  before.  They  know
 their cause is just. With  Wendell  Phil-
 lis), they ay to those who  still raise ob-
 jections Or dread the new  application of
 ain  adm.tted  self-evident truth, Take
 your  part with the perfect and      abstract
 right, and trust God  to see that it shall
 prove the expedient.

   Forefathers' day wtas celebrated far and
 wide.   Eloquent  lips paid tribute to the
 herolsn, the high purpose, and the daunt-
 less courage of the men of the Mayflower
 The  foreniothers hiad brief mention. But
 the  world is not yet up to a comprehen-
 sion of  the great price the women of the
 Mayflower  paid for freedom  to worship
 God.   The  time of their rteognition only
 waits.  Sooner or later it Is sure to come.
 All  true things have a place prepared for
 them.

    In the choice of delegates to the New
  York  Constitutional Convention  soon to
  be held, the Labor Party of that State will
  petition the Legislature that women may
  be allowed to vote.  It is clearly unjust
  that in revising the organic law, one-half
  of the people  should have no voice. So
  eminent a legal authority as  Hon.  Wil-
  hlam Beach  Lawrence  made  an argument
  years ago in behalf of women's  right to
  vote for delegates to the  Constitutional
  Convention.  The  Albany   Times, among
  other influential papers, favors the propo-
  sition, and looks upoi this as a good op-
  portunity to test the feasibility of woman
  suffrage. The  argument  for woman   suf-
  frage, in this particular case, has special
  weeight, because the question is a revision
  of the governmental  system.  All grades
  of people Interested, and  all important
  questions at issue, should have representa-
  tion in that revision. The woman sufrage
  question and the labor question, says the
  Times, are to be among the  most vital is-
  sues of that Convention,  and the women
  and  the workingmen   are entitled to per-
  sonal representatives chosen by their own
  votes. The  Springfield Republican adds:
  This  is sound argument,  and  the great
  beauty of It is that it is in every respect as


applicable to the election of a Legislature,
a Governor, or  a President of the United
States.

  The  Bishop of  Oxford  thinks that the
immorality of the United States is due to
the factthat here a widower Is allowed to
marry   his deceased  wife's sister. Ac-
cording to the  Bishop, this has brought
the idea of the sacredness of  the family
into contempt among  us.  And the bishops
of the United States, in their letter lately
issued, find that Immorality and Increase
of divorces are due to the woman's rights
Movement,  and  especially to the fact that
in many  States married women  now  have
the  control of their own pati iniony and
earnings.  All this suggests the old bar-
ber  in Scott's Antiquary,  avho attrib-
uted the revolutionary spirit of the times
to the way  in which  the modern  gentry
dressed their hair, and their abandonment
of the majestic periwigs by which the low-
er  classes were  formerly held In  awe.
While  the bishops are charging the decay
of morals to the property rights of wives,
Science and  the Popular Science Monthly
are showing equal good  sense by charging
the physical degeneracy of the race to the
higher education of women.

  Woman suffrage,   wherever It has been
tried, hats had the best results, whether
limited to municipal suffrage as in Eng-
land, where it has existed seventeen years.
or  as in Wyoming   and Washington  Ter-
ri'ories, where  women   vote as  men  do
on all questions. The universal testimony
of reliable witnesses over their own names
is wholly In favor of the voting of women.
  Any  attempt now  to discredit the move-
  ment or to raise bughears after all these
years  of trial is like the opposition to
steam  navigation  after Fulton  had suc-
cessfully applied it to a voyage up the Hud-
son.  Objections  may make  a sound.  But
the solid proof outweighs them all.

  Mrs.  Emily  A. Fifleld would be an ad-
  mirable candidate for the office of School
  Supervisor left vacant by the death of Miss
Lucretia Crocker.   Although no candidate
for  school committee  not on  the Demo-
antle  ticket was elected at the recent elec-
tion, Mrs. Filleld ran far in advance of her
ticket, receiving 22,738 votes, while Na-
hum   Chapin, on the Democratic ticket, re-
ceived only 23.863.

   Manhood  suffrage in Boston, according
 to the logic of the remonstrants, Is a fall-
 ure and  ought  to be abolished.  At the
 late election, the Beacon showed that out
 of a population  of  400,000, only 45,670
 votes were cast for mayor.   Only one in
 nine of the inhabitants voted. There are
 100,000 men  in Boston.  Less  than one-
 half of  the number  went  to the  polls.
 Mayor  O'Brien's vote was 23,387, less than
 6 per cent, of the population. The regis-
 tration itself was extremely light, being
 but 58,781 when it should have been nearly
 double that number.   Yet even of the reg-
 Istered voters only 40  per, cent. voted
 for Mayor   O'Brien.  Such a registration
 and so light a vote is neither a male ma-
 Jority nor a complete  expression of  the
 popular will.

   The plain truth is that most men in Bos-
 ton, and almost half the men in New Eng-
 land, do not care to vote, and it is thought
 respectable, or at least not disgraceful, to
 let our  elections go by default. In  the
 presidential vote of 1884 In Massachusetts,
 only 60 per cent. of the adult males voted;
 In Vermont  only 62 per cent.; in Rhode
 Island  less than 43 per  cent. In  New
 York, on the contrary, 83 per cent. voted;
 in Minnesota 89 per cent.; in Ohio 95 per
 cent; in Indiana 99  per cent.; in Kansas
 100 per cent

   In view of this dry-rot of political con-
 servatism In  New   England,  George   F.
 Hoar  is correct in saying that the advo-
 cates of woman  sufrage  are fighting the
 battle of representative government. They,
 and  they alone, are true to the Republi-
 can  principle.  Since a majority of men
 in Boston  refuse to vote, let the womnica
 who  want to vote be empowered  to do so.
                    -.1
   Harper's Bazar says:
   Miss  Anna  Halowell has  received the
 honor  of an appointment to the Philadel-
 phia Board  of Education, New  York  hav-
 ing set the fashion by similar appointments
 of  Mrs. Agnew   and Miss  Dodge.   It Is
 now  the  turn of Boston, Chicago,  Balti-
 more,  and the rest of the cities.
   Boston  took her turn years ago, and has
 had  four or five women  upon  her school


board at different times. But sie has now
backlidden and fallen from   grace--
only temporarily. let us hope.
                   Ill
  The  English  Women's  Suffrage Journal
says:
  It is well known to all who have studied
the  subject, that the  United  States of
America  are far behind the United King-
dom   as regards  the electoral rights of
omn--.  . . . . We  believe there is not a
State in the Union in which women possess
the  muniipal  sufrage.  The  latest effort
in this direction has just been  made  in
Vermont. A hill   to extend the municipal
suffrage to women   passed the  House  of
epresentatives,  but hais been rejected by
the Senate.  It is very difficult to conect-
ure on what conceivable ground the women
citizens of Vermont   are denied  a right
which  has not only been recognized from
time  i minienorial by Englsh   law,  but
which  has recently been secured to women
in  several provinces of the neighboring
Dominion  of Canada.
   It is rather a bitter pill to be told that
 our boasted land of liberty is far behind
 the moth.  country  as regards  the elec-
 toral rights of women; but the pill must
 be swallowed.

   A walking-school  for young ladies has
 been opened In Philadelphia by  an Eng.-
 lish professor of the art, who insists upon
 low-heeled shoes, and proposes  to teach
 his pupils the genuine English motion.

   The Brooklyn   Board of Education  has
 decided to make  $1250 a year  the nixi.
 mum  salary to be paid to female teachers.
 Women   have no votes,

    WOMEN   AT  WORK  IN BURLINGTON.
 Editors 1Woman's Journal:
   The members  of the Burlington Literary
 Union met at the residence of Mrs. M. E.
 S. Curtis last week, when the  discussion
 of plans for work, Instruction, and amuse-
 ment came   up   A course similar to the
 one followed  by the Chautauqua   circles
 was approved  by the mantjority.
   Thmfre  ine many of the ladies In town
 who  are firm believers in woman subuage.
 A large contribution was sent to the Ba-
 zaar at Boston.

      IS & WOMAN'S   SOUL HER  OWN?
   A  controversy  has  been going  on In
 London  between  a  Protestant gentleman
 and Cardinal Manning.   Father Moore, of
 the  Kenlsington Cathedral, recently ad-
 tiitted into the Catholic Church a  lady,
 the wife of a staunch Churchman, with.
 out giving the husband  any notice. The
 London  Telegraph  tells the rest of the
 story:
   Upon  the husband's request for expla-
nation, Mr. Moore  writes back a conclla-
tory  letter, InI which he says that 'it is a
painful  part of the work of a priest to be
thbe means  of causing a disunion im fam.
lies,' but  acknowledges   that the wife's
clandestine  reception into the  bosom of
the   church  is a fact -and a fact which
there  was 'no obligation' to communicte
to  the husband   beforehand. Thereupon
the  husband  appeals to Cardinal Manning
himself.  asking, 'Whether  it is in accord
with   the principles of' your faith for a
priest to receive into the Romn  Catholic
Church   the wife of a Protestant. without
previously   informing  hot  husband,  al-
though   well aware that the latter has re-
fused,  and  still refuses, to sanction the
contemplated   change of religion?'
   ,In  his reply, the Cardinal says, in ef-
 fect, that there is no obigation on a priest
 to communicate   such a fact if the person
 received  into the church is of year'S of
 discretion; and it, besides, his or her lib-
 erty of conselence is being interfered with
 at home.   So the dispute rests.
   In  view of the  extraordinary position
 taken  by this husband, an American  nat-
 urally inquires: Is  a woman's  soul  her
 own?                            C. C. II.
                    lil
    DISFRANCHISED   ON A TECHNICALITY.
  Editors IWoman's Journal:
  Last  year  I voted In this (Dorchester)
  distrit. This  year, on the  last day of
  grace, Nov. 30, a friend informed me that
  my name was  not on the voting-list. With
  my  tax-bill in hand, I went to the regis-
  trar's office in this district.
  This tax-bill   does not  give you  the
  right of registration, I wis told.
  Why not? I asked.
    'Because  the word  'ndinistratrix' Is
 suffixed to your name.  If you had  a tax-
 bill showing that you have  paid taxes on
 your  own property, it would be all right.
   But  it is evident that a part of the es-
 tate is my  property, said  I, silce the
 bill reads that it Is the estate of -, my
 late husband.
    That  makes  no difference. We  have
  no authority to register your name.
    But they made  no  objection to regis-


tering my  name  last year at Pemberton
Square.
  Did your  tax-bill read like this?
  Yes.-as   far as I remember.
  Look  up  your tax-bill for 1885, said
one of the officers, pleasantly; '-and it the
word  'administratrix' is not on it, we will
register your  name on   the strength of
that bill.
  I hurried home, and found that the two
bills were made  out  alIke. In  thinking
over my  call at Pemberton Square In 1885,
I remember  that I went  through a series
of cross-examinations which I understood
at the time to be the necessity of the ofth
cers of registration to nmnke sure that I
was  really the owner  of a part of the es-
tate mentioned iI my tax-bill.
  Now,  what  is the truth in the matter?
Did I vote illegally last year? Or am  I
wrongfully  deprived of my vote this year?
                 ADELINE   F. MloRO.
  Mt. Botdoin, Dorchester, Dec. 29, 1886

         SOME  VIRGINIA WOMEN.
  Mrrs. Orra Langhorne has contributed to
  The Southern Workman an  interesting ac-
count, of A Sunmmner Jaunt Il the Shena-mi
donth Valley. Of  the ladies of Harrison-
burg, from  which place a number of peti-
tions for municipal suffrage went in to the
Virginia  legislature at its last session,
Mrs. Langhorne  says:
  Nothing  impressed  me  more, InI seeing
and  hearing  of the various interests of
Harrisonburg,  than  the active Influence
exerted  by  strong-minded  women,   to
use  that much-abused   term  in its best
sense.  Here.as elsewhere, women  are the
leading element in the church and society,
but it is easy to see that in this thrifty lit-
tie valley town. women   have a  voice in
matters  too often  left to the control of
men  alone, and, as It is not good for men
to be  alone, some  essential portions of
the work  are often Ill done or left undone.
   Some years  ago, one or two ladies who
 visited the almhonse regularly, wvere dis-
 tressed by hearing from the paupers con-
 stant complaints of bad food  and harsh
 treatment.  Talking  of  these things In
 their comfortable homes. various opinions
 were expressed.  Some  persons  ere sure
 that the authorities whose duty it was to
 see to such matters, managed  themn pro-
 perly, and that patopers were always  nmi-
 reasonable, and given to complainlig for
 lack of other occupation. A kind-hearted
 Indy who  was not  so sure that menI al-
 ways did everything properly, decided to
 investigate for herself. She was usuaily
 occupied with the cares of a large family,
 but the poor-house  was  in sight tof her
 pleasant, well-provided home.   and  It
 grieved tier motherly heart to think that
 the poor, helpless creatures there should
 suffer for food. Taking a basket on her
 arm, she one day astonished the manager
 of the almshouse by appearing  suddenly
 In the kitchen, where that thrifty individ-
 ual was serving out a supply of well-pleked
 bones  for the paupers' dinner.  To  the
 great disgust of the functionary on duty,
 the visltor Iusisted upon athering up the
 dimier, which she  placed Inche  basket,
 amd cam-ried home to be Ispected by  hier
 surprised husband, who  was  one  of the
 city fathers. The  aforesaid hones were
 duly pescmted at a meeting ftie   Town
 Coumicil, and a prompt chnge of aminlis-
 tration occurred at the almshouse, where
 there has since been no just cause at qOunj
 plaint.                             *
   I found  the cemetery  of the tod'n 'id
 beautiful order, and felt grateful that lov-
 Ing handsshiould thus care for theire4tga.
 place of the  loved and lostin4, pi'
 family, as well as for the bu   roun*o o
 so many  f ilemds of m yyofibtr-o1 efa
 miliar forms I miss o     bthe st f ei a*ny*
 visits at home. I learned with mut if    '
 ure that the cemetery is under the cares
 an association of ladies, who by great and
 unremitting effort have secured the neces-
 ary  funds, and have brought the grounds
 Into their present beautiful condition.
   Having  taken such an active part in mu-
 Mnicipal allairs, temperance work having
 also enigaged their attentiom, and faithful
 efforts having been made In that direction,
 it Is not surprising that the ladles of the
 town begin to feel their own strength. Quite
 a number  of them realize that their efforts
 are cramped  by the lack of privil. ges en-
 )'tyed by thenmale portior of the commun-
 ity, and strange as It may ound to ay It
 of Virginia women, THEY  WANT  TO VOTE!
   In private life some of the ladies, prope
 erty-holders, and  above the  average in
 capacity, are acknowedged   to be among
 the leadimng citizens of the town.
   Two  or three were spoken of especially
 ao; being successful managers of their prop-
 erty, making  contracts, building housesI
 collecting rents, etc., 1mm exelent fashion.
 Al Itese lades ae very womanly  at home.
 They  have   faithfully brought  up chil.
 dren, guided the heuse, and fulfilled the
 other directions given by the apotle, even
 to  washlngthesints'Ifeet, when those In
 need of such miistrations appear, as they
 lid in great numbers in the CviI War. At
 least there were many weary and  footsore
 needing help, If they were not all saints.
 The little own was full (of hospitals In war-
 tIaId the women of the commnunity.
 forced to umusual exertion thn, doubtless
 learned imany lessons that have since been
 useful to themm and others.


   CONCERNING WOMEN.
   Ms.   GEN., MCCLELLAN has already
realized $10,000 from the sale of her late
husbanid's memoirs.
  Miss  KATE  FIELD  will be it Boston the
second  week of the new year, and will be
a guest at the Brunswick.
  Miss  LILLIAN C.  KEYEs, who  has been
appointed  postmaster at  Yonkers, has a
salary of $2,600 a year.
  DR.  KATE  1. KELSEY,  of Menomonee,
Wis., holds the office of city physiiani t
that place.
  MIss  MAUp  MELVILLE,   daughter of the
chief engineir of the  Jeannette Exped-'
tion, is presently to appear In public as a
concert singer.
  MISS  HOPE   GLENN,  who   has become
popular in England  as a concert and ora-
toro  singer, was formerly a  resident of
Chicago, and  intends  returning there to
live.
  M IS. HELENE,  a Sister Of Mrs. Lincoln,
has been appointed postmistress at Eliza-
bethtown,  Kentucky.   She  was the wife
of  General BenHardin Helene, of the
Coifederate army.
  DR.  MARTHA   G. RIPLEY,   of Minneap-
olis, is a member  of the faculty of the
Homneopathic   Medical College.  She fills
the position with ability, and to the satis-
faction of all concerned.
  Miss  EMILy   BARTOL,  the daughter  of
  Rev. Dr Bartol, has completed her draw-
  ings for the portrait of Frederick Doug-
lass.  It is said to be a faithful and striking
likeness.
   ANNE  WALN   RYERSs,  of Philadelphia,
 has left 970,000 to found an infirmary for
 dumb  animals in that city-a bequest  in-
 fluenced by her interest in the Society for
 the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.
   DR. CORNELIA  BROWN,   who  is a gradu-
 ate of Philadelphia Dental College,  has
 settled in Minneapolis, the first woman
 dentist in that city. A warm   welcome
 is bespoken for her by the sufragists of
 that city.
   MRs.  CUSTER  has finished the book she
 hiRa been at work upon  all summer.   It
 will make a much larger volume  than her
 Boots and Saddles.  It will be published
 by Charles L. Webster & Co., and sold by
 subscription.
 MRs. PROCTOR, whose husband was
 Barry Cornwall,  and  her daughter Ade-
 laide A. Proctor, will next year witness
 her second royal jubilee, it she lives. She
 distinctly remembers that of George II,
 in 1800.
   FRAULIN ANNA KIRBEL Is crdtlg a
 great sensation in Norway, as a new oper
 atic star.  Ole  Bull's son  Alexander,
 among  other experts, is said to have pre-
 dicted that Frauleln  Krbel  will throw
 Jenny Lind into the shade. She Is twenty-
 three years of age.
   MME.  ADELE   EsquIlos,  who  has Just
 died, was well known in Francesas a novel-
 Ist  She assisted her husband, Henri Al-
 ,phpnse Esquiros, in his literary labors,
 'l  igjalaid that his History of the Cel-
 'eitate,Lovers  of Antiquity was  more
 her work than his.
 *  i   WHARLOTTE LANE, of Branes.
 tkp.   h'as itwen appointed assistantlilbra
 riapof .DIWoin   College,-a  position for
 h~ihtl*,a'etluaintance with  foreign has
94  agesteminently qualifies her. Itis tolb
hoped   that other New  England  colleges
including  Harvard, will follow Bowdob's
example.
   Mas.  LIVERMORE   writes of her article
 on Superfluous Women,   in the January
 issueof TheChautauquan:Iprefertobhave
 it appear In The Chautaquan   because so
 many   women  read  th'at magazine. Tfo
 help women  has become  a part of my relM-
 glo, and the good work  done for them by
 The Chautaquan   and the Chautauqua  As-
 sembly have  made me  a strong prtisan of
 both, and very thankful for both
   MRs.  LORAINE  IMEN has prepik-d     a
 unique calendar for 1887. Last February
 she proposed to the Ladies' Literary Club
 of Grand  Rapids, Mich., that a calendar'
 should be composed of sentiments contrit
 uted by the different members, each seled
 ment  to be assigned to the birthday of th
 contributor, or brought as near It as po-
 sible.   The  motion  was   unanimously
 adopted, and Mrs. Immen  was made chair
 man.   The  days unclaimed  by  the, clitb
 are assigned  to noted  persons. This Is
 the only calendar of its kind ever made,
 and  has given  much  satisfaction. It lit
 sold only  by subscription. Other  clubs
 might  find it pleasant and instructive to
 try tihe same piann next year.


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