14 Woman's J. 1 (1883)

handle is hein.journals/wmjrnl14 and id is 1 raw text is: 

















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VOL. Xiv.


BOSTON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 6, 1883.


THE WOMAN'S JOURNAL.
  , weeol  tfWse  r yIlthd   ery  Slatuay
,amae,  devotte4 ds       I W~VOmantlls
4adatsonal, tadeitrla.Ilegal and political Equality,
sad especiallyto her right otunraee.
           LUCY  STONa    is-n  .
V. W.   ttOG NGOR.....      EDITORAL
g. B. BLi40  iVWLa ...    oouraxaoroas.
JULIA WainInOWqu
Maar  A.  d5 oentI  .Ocesional Contibutors.
VMa.Passes'  Pi0es,'
nae,   14 .10.Or Oeuu,
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             atr the Woman's Jouranm.

             BaiLotsa   . BOYD.
     A poet-pilerim, staff In hand,
     Wanderedi erewhite ai gypt's land.
     And did nke friend with mystery
     Where mighty. namneles raine be;
     Where Obatieks ant sphinxes are,
     And.' shattered now. a stony stair
     Leading in dlearv darknea on
     To silent chambers ghostly lone.
     Wh're are the herlyphtics wrought
     To hold a dead pat's death'ess thought
     And keep the sayings dark of old
     That later languate left untold,
     There faintly outlined he cond see
     a princess stand t majesty
     And loveliness, while to her breast
     A oaren lty had she pressed.
     The poet smiled, the poet lared
     'CenturIes past she lived sd fed,
     -Sot, thnuthe minsed she stands spit,
     some 'nve-dream smitaring in her heart,
     A princess in youth's far fair bowers,
     Bleat for she found there love and  owerl
     this maidei, holding tenderly
     The flower that seemed her type to bei
     'The jnet's very being iled,
     And so his eagor fancy thrilled
     That ever and forever more,
     On mountain loe. by peopled shore,
     Ont strangely sweet and vagiely aim
     1er phantom form will follow hi's,
     And send his memory back among
     'hose tempie, old ere Romer eng.
     Where most agust AntIquity
     Bervotua'te hides from iltory,
     Where Pride sits slle on the tomb.
     An  Doubt4air 'gase  through thegloom
     tUoSeek the troabled smeet bid
     Beweeo the sphinx and pyramid,
     He only sees the imate fair
     Of the Kir's Daughter stanin there.
     Well are that poet's numbers known
     In othei lands beside his own,
     But keeps he still one sangn unsng,
     His best, about the princess young,
     Who calmly stands from Time apart,
     Unwakened love-dreams In her heart,
     And to her ntitanaltuous breast
     A lifetesOdeathless tily pressed,
  -Dueba  Ind., Dec. tqa.
         REW   Y  ARS   OREETING.

    The  WoAN's JouaRAL       enters on Its
  fourteenth year with the new January; and
  can honestlygIreet withundiminished confi-
  dene,   an  undimhiffilished  and indeed in-
  oreased body of well-wishers. Certainly the
  agitation which it represents hs never been
  more  widely spriiad; the Woman  Suffrage
  agitation remarins, as it must remain, for a
  time, I a minority; it gains as yet no great
  battle, but It 'puts a' ever-ncreasing army
  in the field. It Is 'easier, no doubt, for a
  tiea .to keep hispatiecco  with this slow
  prbgras~e than for a woman,   since a man
  feelsthewrong  only through others; but  I
  know  that many' women   also. feel that the
  slowness merely proves the greatness of the
  iork.   The daily ebb and llow of the tide
  gives no proper emblem of  It. and
                             the leetag moon
   oe planet i of ours;*
     t he'  rk' In which we are engaged  re-
  setables thoevast cosmlo changes by which
  consiental are raised or submerged, while
  those who  watch  the slight daily changes
  atea otSawir  thatanyg ing  remarkable Is
  ol6g ogn.  The  while  movement   for  the
  eqlighi   toand  opportunIties of women,
  whIle it is ittertnallyfIar less stirring and
  agifanati tli thil and-slavery movement,
     so only becatuse It Is more complex and
  far eaching, and fI destined to have a yet
  rofounder   Influence upon the ages yet to
  Mome.
    While  the Movement  Is still underrated
      Its opponents In this country, it Is seen
      through a  magnifying glass  from     the
   other side of the'water; and is popularly
   suPPosed by  those. who- observe it from
   afar, to ba-c gone farther than it has. The
   misapprehension is sometiMes almost udi-


crous, as where a writer in the Paris (oy
enne, now before me, balances the Ameri-
can woman  against her German sister, and
assumes  that the American has succeeded
only too well in getting under foot the old
enemy,man.   The American  womansuper
ior to the American man, disdains him; the
German  woman  admires and venerates him;
the  American  makes   him  wait  on her;
the German   woman   is proud to wait on
him, finding her happiness In her inferior
lty. The  writer then  proceeds to argue
that the French  race, and  the Southern
races of Europe generally, whose qualities
are better balanced (miews equilibries) will
avoid these extremes, having more  brains
than the women  of the one race, and more
heart than those of the other. They neith-
er desire to have man for their master, like
the German  woman,   nor for their servant,
like the American (ni pour erviteur, comme
'Americaine), but for their equal and their
friend.
   We have not got on quite so dangerously
 fast or far as this. Our French  readers
 may  rest assured that the vaulting ambi.
 tion of the women of this republic has not
 yet o'erleped   itself-or  its selle,
 whichever  may   be the finally accepted
 Shakepeare reading-but  is still quite satis.
 fied with being the (qual  and friend of
 man.  If there ever was a period of extrav-
 agance  and  exaggeration in the Woman
 Suffrage movement in America, that period
 is past. There  is little now to be heard
 among   us-nor  was  there ever much-in
 the form of denunciations of the tyrant
 man; and, on the other hand, this French
 vislon of the subject-uan is as hard to find
 in actual flesh as the stage Yankee. It is
 true now, as it always has been, that there
 are no households better ordered or mieux
 equilibiae than those where Woman  Suf-
 frage opinions  prevail; although it may
 sometimes happen  that the husband fetches
 his wife her shawl, as well as the wife her
 husband's slippers. It is true that the for-
 mer practice greatly shocked the good Ger-
 man  pastor, Dr. Christlieb, and led him to
 doubt whether  the spirit of Christ was
 not seriously wanting among  us.  Never-
 theless Itdoes not seem as if it could be
 wholly unevangelical to bear one another',
 burdens, even  in the form of shawls and
 slippers; and it would be sad to think that
 America  is the only land where the husband
 maybe  as attentive as the lover.
   We  should rather appeal from the corre-
 spondents  of La  'Citoenne to its editor.
 who  heads her paper with theopicture of a
 ballot-box Iorcribed Urne  Electorale' at
 which a man  with the most correct of Eng-
 lish hats Is putting in a large ballot marked
 War  (Guerre) while a woman with an ir-
 reproachable French bonnet offers on the
 other side  a still larger vote, inscribed
 I Peace (Pis.)  Here at least the women
 of the world may yet unite-in the promo
 tion of peace; their reform will not,like that
 of the abolitionists, end In blood; it will
 rather tend to peaceful progress and the
 victory of higher over lower elements in
 human  life. In this hope, at least, the Wo-
 VAN'S JOURNAL   may  well enter upon the
 new  year.                   T. W. ff.
                   II:
     XR.  ALCOTT'S  TRUE  CONDITION.

   As the reports of  Mr. Alcott's present
 condition are altogether wrong, it is desira-
 ble for the sake of anxious friendsand busy
 family that the real facts should be made
 known.
   Mr. Alcott's mind is brighter than some
 weeks ago, but still weak and incapable of
 much  exertion, either in seeing people, try-
 fog to talk, or reading. His speech is at
 times very indistinct, and it is difficult for
 him to find the proper word to express his
 thoughts.  His right side is still entirely
 helpless; he takes no Solid food, and seldom
 leaves his bed for a reclining chair.
   Soclety excites him and disturbs hissleep.
 which  otherwise is usudly  quiet.   The
 bowels still remain torpid, and othersymp-
 toms show that, while he has improved in
 some ways,  there 'Is no prospect of entire
 restoration to health.
   His great vigor will doubtless sustain him
 for a longer time than most men of his age,
 but at eighty-three, and after three attacks,
 it Is not probable that he will reover.
                         L. M.  ALoor.
        LOther papers please copy.]
                  I-       --
         A  VALVAsLa 1REEU3M*
   On receipt of4t9.50 with the name of a
 new  subscriber to the WoxANs  JOURNAL,
 we  will send postpaid to the address of the
 friend by whom  the subscription Is obtain-
 ed. the Letters of Lydia Maria Child, a
 most Interestnr  autobiography of a noble
 woman-price   $1.50.


        AN  INIDIOUS   DANGE.
  We  have many words  of congratulation
for our readers at the beginning of this new
year. We  have also a word of warning, on
a subject which deeply concerns women.
  For some years past, occasional attempts
have been made to introduce in the United
States the system of State-regulated vice-
acopy of what Francs  Power  Cobbe  calls
the  ever infamous  Contagious Diseases
Acts of England. The effort is to have all
houses of ill-fame put tinder government
supevision, and to have the women inhab.
iting such  houses forced  to undergo  a
weekly medical inspection by government
surgeons, In order that they may not com-
municate disease to the men who visit them.
There Is no general wish  for such  laws
among  our  people. They   are essentially
immoral. despotic, and opposed to the spirit
of our institutions. Indeed, except in large
cities and a few especially Immoral  dis-
tricts, the idea of such legislation strikes
most people as so monstrous and impracti-
cable that they cannot believe there is any
serious danger of its being foisted upon
them.   But  this is just  what  a  small
body  of persevering and determined spec.
islists are constantly trying to do. Baled
in one place, they try in another. They
are like the devil,who, as an old writersays,
makes  up for his weakness by a most In-
fernal activity. Within a  few  months,
the American  Public BetLh   Association,
after having had the subject under consider-
ation for several years, refused, by a two-
thirds vote, to petition for anything of the
sort.  Within a few weeks, the Cleveland
Board  of Health, unabashed by this action,
has asked the City Council for an ordinance
embodying  the worst features of the Eng.
lish Acts. Since our last issue, the Dews
has come  that an effort is to be mde  to
procure the repeal of the good  Missouri
law  which forbids any licensing of vice in
that state. These attemts have been espec-
ially numerousduring  the last months  of
the year which has just losed. They   are
always  made as quietly nd  unobtrusively
as possible, because pa   il dliisaliti
generally  fatal  to  tm. 'TIIIf T
great danger that they may  bie'iudessful
somewhere,  simply through public security
and  carelessness. We therefore urge upon
all our subscribers, froomn alne to Califor-
nia, the following point4
   1. Let  every reader of  the Woaw's
 JoRNAr tonatitute   himself a  vigilance
 committee of one, to see that, noting of
 the sort is passed in his city or state with-
 out his knowledge.
   2. Let every one who  bears  of such a
 proposal, in any part ofthe country, send
 word at once to the President of the N. Y.
 Committee for the Prevention of State Reg-
 ulation of Vice..Mrs. Abby Hopper   Gib-
 bons. 55 W. 47 St., N. Y. City, who will
 furnish them with documents and inform-
 teon to combat the measure. Let them also
 send word to the WoxN's  JoulanAwhich
 will be glad to help expose the business.
   S. Follow  u'p every such attempt of the
 enemy  by carrying the war Into Africa-
 i. e. by securing a law forbidding the II.
 censing of vice anywhere in the state, as
 has been done in Missourir aid Illinois.
   4. Let us all double our efforts to secure
 to women  the right to  vote, which  will
 make such leislation impossible.
   We havet  not felt It necessary to say
 much  about  the sanitary failure of state
 licensed vice, because its manifest injustice
 and wickedness  were reaon   enough   for
 opposing it. But there is ample evidence
 that  it does  not Improve   the  public
 health. It  is notorious  nast European
 capitals where regulation prevails are
 worse scourged than  our American  cities
 by the diseases resulting from vice. Paris
 has had regulation for a hundre  years.
 Paris has probably the sharpest police in
 the world, and gives them much wider and
 more arbitrary powere than any American
 community  would  be willing to grant Its
 police. Yet the police, according to official
 estimate, can  only succeed  In bringing
 under government control about one-eighth
 of the vicious somen to Parts. The licene-
 og  system thete has deadened the  public
 conscience to a  frightful extent. It has
 corrupted and demoralized the pollee, who
 are eerywhee   in league with the brothel-
 keepers.  It has led to repeated cases of
 the arrest of virtuous women on  suspic-
 ion; to the levying of unlimited blackmail,
 and to such a series of blunders, conflicts
 and  scandals that the City  Council has
 recommended   the  summary   abolition of
 the Morals  Police. -The  experience of
 other European capitals has been much the
 same.  But it is not the incidental abuses
 of the. system against which we  protest.
 The system itself is an abuse,  Any  law


which  endeavors to make   vice safe In-
creases  vice. Any law which as.
sumes  vice to he  a necessity and raises
an   essentially vicious  tra0o  to  the
rank of a lawful Industry, deadens the pub-
lic conscience. A   law  which Increases
vice and deadens the public conscience has
no business on the statutebook, and would
have no business there even If it could so-
cure  the perfect physical health of the
whole  community.
  But this is not the alternative. The bitter
experience of Europe shows that licensing
vice, while It damages the public morals
Incalculably, does not promote the public
health.  The Increase of vice consequent
upon  fancied security more than counter-
balances the little good done by the com-
pulsory medication of one  bad woman  In
eight.  Asa  distinguished American phy
sician says:  The  countries  where  the
regulation systen has been most fully tried
show  the largest prevaleince of disease.
Their salitry failure leaves these evil laws
without the shadow  of  an excuse.  Some
particulars as to their sanitary failure are
given  in  Mrs. Bolton's   able article in
another column, to which we commend   the
attention of our readers.        L. .

EDUCATIONAL ANA INDUSTIAL UNION
   The  Women's  Educational   and Indus-
 trial Union now appeals for money to place
 it on  a  permanent  foundation. It  has
 worked  quietly and earnestly for five years.
 Will not allicome forward and help, accord-
 ing to their means, with sums  from fifty
 cents to hundreds of dollars?
   Begun by a few women who at first gather-
 ed forSundaymeetings,  it has grown until
 it has a membership   of 950 and  eleven
 distinct departments of work. Thelodus-
 trial Committee  offer for sale clothing,
 fancy articles, preserves and cake made by
 needy  women;  the  Educational provides
 classes and lectures for those who wish to
 learn;  the Protective collects wages of
 working  girlsaunjustly withheld; the Moral
 and Spiritual holds Sunday  services; the
 l-yglenic looks after th  tick and furnishes
 a physician's care; the Employment finds
 work  for those who wish it; and the Com-
 mitteeon Social Affairs seures amusement
 in the parlors of the Union, for those who
 in their busy lives may  And   little of it
 elsewhere.
   The Reading  Room and  Parlors are open
 throughout the dayand evening to all women.
 especially to those coming from a distance.
 There Is  also an  Agency   of  D reotion
 which  gives Information in regard to local-
 ities lectures, schools, places of entertain-
 ment,  boarding places for women, e.
                               K. 0. w.

    DILLIAWT OATION ST    A MOTOR
                   LADY.

   In  a graphic sketch of a recent Women's
 Demonstration  at Glasgow a writer says:-
 P'or twenty minutes Miss Craigen held the
 audience spellibound. This lady Is one of
 the  greatest orators I have ever  heard.
 She gave the impression of being an Inde-
 pendent and  original thinker, fearless In
 speaking out her convictionstand some  of
 the passages of her speech might be justly
 described as logic as fire. There was an
 almost Shakespeareandgity   and  music in
 snme  of her sentences. In this, for exam-
 pe:   If women are to hel men  to nobler
 thoughtsthey  must think themselves. low
 can they think if they are not free? There
 is no thought in slavery. She contended
 that political corruption will never be cured
 until women  take no  interest in politics;
 sad  one of her remarks under  this head
 mlight havebeenspoken  by Carlyle:  Our
 kinge of today. she said, are no longer
 in Winded   or St. James. They  are In the
 counting house and work-shop, and If you
 go through the streets on a summerevealg
 you  may see them at the corners, or passing
 In and out of the doors of the public-house
 with caps on their heads and short pipes in
 their mnotihs. But if these kings who are
 to goveri us have not the isdom,  hdl  to
 govero  themselves, what Is to become  of
 s?
   It was this speaker who raised the meet-
   Ing to its highest pitch of enthusiasm which
   it had resebed,whenspeaking ass cotch-
   woman of her native country, she  pro-
   nounced a glowing eulogy on uncoiquered
   Scotland, In which therelsnot a spot that
   is not made upof the dust of our martyrs.
   For thrilling oratorisal power this was the
   speech of the evening. and when It was
   done the resolution was carried unanimous-
   ly.. no oneventuring to stand up against il
   Every woman In the ball seemed to  hold
   up her hand in its favor.


Digitized from  Best  Copy  Available


NO. L


  CONCERNING WOMEN.

  MRs.  JULIA WARD ows has an artiole
on Dr. Francis Lieber, In the last Crte.
  Miss  BamTuA   VON  HILLERN has her
home In Boston, butb her present abode Is
Strasburg,Va. where she may be addressed.
  MIsS  MULLRa  is re-elected to thelondo
School  Board  by  a  handsome  majrity,
Those  of us who had the pleasure of met
Ing her here last summer will be  glad to
know  that the late election resulted so well
for the School Board, and for Miss Muller.
  MARoUaRITr   CAULan,  daughter of a Bel.
glan journalist, has been presented, amidst
general  congratulations, with  the CiviO
Cross, first class, for having saved from
drowning  a young man  at the seaide town
of Blarkenburg.
   DR. MART   TAToa BresaL. a recent
 graduate of the Woman's  Medical Collee
 of the New York Infirmary. read a  paper
 before the  Brooklyn  Woman's   Club  on
 Tuesday  afternoon, Dec. 36th. on  The
 Physiological Educationof Children. The
 paper was an excellent one and was  welt
 received.
   Miss MAr  RooaRs.   of Dubuque,  Iowa,
 is the author of The Waverly Dictionary
 and various critical and historical paiir>
 She was  invited to read her celebratdd p-
 per on Madame  Roland before a  &thpany'
 of ladies and gentlemen In the club tis
 of the Sherman House on Monday Decam.*
 ber 18.
   Mrss GRACE   W.  801En   has this week
 been added to the staff of the Boston Jour-
 meJ.  This is the sixth of our daily papers.
 that has recognized the  demand   for the
 feminine  expression In its .olums,  and
 provided for IL  Miss Sorer is a gradate
 of Cornell and comes 2ad  goes  with  her
 father every day.
   Mas.   .  D  GrLawla, who was the
 bead of the Ladies'  xecutive  Comnittee
 of the Centennialt'has undertaken serie
 of six symphony   concerts, given   t the
 Academy   of Masie, under the leadership of
 Theodore  Thomas, on  the evenings of Nov-
 ember  1st, December 21.  .1 anuary 97th
 February  24th.  Marsh  14th,  and  April
 15th,  1883.  The   progrmmes already
 announced  are  ery atractve.
   MrIN  Euvas. daughter of the late Mr. D.
 A. Evans, has baappointed gaistrar of
 births and deaths for the Aberyatwith Ion-
 don  district The Reglistrar-General had at
 first decined to confirm her appointment,
 on  the insufiolent ground that there are
 out stations which have to be attended  to
 in all weathers. Fortunately, the Bward of
 Guardians  persevered in their reonumea
 dation, and they have  been succsPfat.IAs
 overcoming  ofoicial prejudice.
    Miss  MAlt  Tuoxs, daughter of one
 of the Trustees of the Johns Hopkins id-
 verlty,has just taken the degree of P:. D.
 tanmes  ura  laude, at the  University of
 Zurich-a   distinction rarely attained by
 malse graduates. Miss Thomas   Is   grad-
 nate of Cornell, and studied three years at
 Leipsig; she took her examinations at Eur-
 ich because the Uniersityof  Leipzig does
 not grantdetrees to women.   Her  subact
 was  philology, a particularly difficult one
 In Germany.
    Miss AxT .   BnALE. principal of the
 Tileston Normal  SctoloWilmingtoe,0 0.M
 sends out a little elght-page pl$Oaer li
 the LThi ilt  e. The   Nove erntitsnuber
 of  this little paper contains the stuihnon
 W   man's  Ministry as lxemplified  sinthls
 Southern  Statels. by Rev Geo-ObIei
 which   notel Mrs. Aug1smtus  Ieme y to
 buld thdi s hol  building  a  187,
 Contiue   tosupport Lit by an annual contri-
 bution of about $5000, maintg her tos t gift
 aggregate $80,000.  This is   I l    Ihth as.
 that lights indeed.
    Mtd,   M.   LosaLnX,   inspectresa-gea.
  eral to the primary obohols of Ps  and
  Mile. M. Couturier, a dmirct o *6th girls'
  igh  sol   of Havre,  are in A    aie. In-
  vestigating our 'sbool-system, by comel*-
  Ion of the Freabh Government.   T.   otb-
  jeat of theiriall Is to learn by actal 'ob'
  servation wherein our schools are superior
  to those of France, aid to recommend sAch
  ,features as they believe can be introduieed
  with profit into the public sbools of lbat
  country.  That two ladles should s ole-
  ted for such an important duty abreack 1
  sIgnlifcant, and an observation of
  may prove of benefit6to the directors  i tour
  own  great edueusalotalaIntereist s sraoe
  has given evidence, bi this fact, It she
  recogofses the value of women s ectors
  and as the directors ofducatiloilitterams.


the

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