11 Woman's J. 1 (1880)

handle is hein.journals/wmjrnl11 and id is 1 raw text is: 














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VOL. XI.                                                            BOSTON, SATURDAY,


JAN. 3, 1880.


NO. 1.


THE WOMAN'S JOURNAL.

   Bor eoe   d a o tr in   bterso  Wmant her
      edcton 1i1ut~l l  a nd pltical Equality,
 andesecall  ohrrgoMSErae
            LUCY  STONE,  EDITOR.
    GS        oo   ..WARD HOWE. EDITORIAL
 MARY  A.  IVBRMORE,...    CoTraIaUrone.
 H. B. BLACKWELL-.....
 Mug.. PAxcts D. GAON,j
 Mae. H.M. T. CUTLi. ,. Occasional Contributors.
 LaVINIA GooDsu. ......
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   W  Thtoisa the only weekly papr of the kind
 east of the Rocky Mountains. It furnishes a edi-
 sin of communication for those interested in the
 various phasesof thoqest ions tbwich itisdevoted,
 and hence Is tavaln abi s a band of union, and
 dource of inteligence on its special topics.
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tinue to send ituntil paymenttismde, and collect the
whole amount, whether the paper is taken from the
emec or not.

              POETRY.

            GEMS  PROM   H. X.,,
                  *rnousav.
    OMessenger, art ihontheking, or I?
    Then dallest outside the palace gate
    Till on thine Idle armor lie the late
    And heavy dews; the mom's bright scornful eye
    Reminds thee; then, In snbtle mockery,
    Thou emilest at the window where I wait
    Who bade thee ride for life. In empty state
    My days go on, while false hour. prophesy
    Thy quick return; at lost, In sad despair
    I cease to bid thee, leave thee free as air;
    When lol thou stand'st before me glad and Beet
    And lay'st undreamed-of treasures at my feet.
    Ah' messenzer, thy royal blood to buy
    I am too poor. Thou art the king, not 1.


I


             THE  NEW   YEAR.                ed; I dare say that the millennium will not
                                             come  just yet.                T. W. It.
   The  approach of 1880 brings with it new         ---.-
 hopes  for reformers and new  faith in the     SHALL  A  WIFE  LIE TO SCREEN    ER
 arrival of justice and good-sense.  NeverH
 before has the subject of Woman   Suffrage                  HUSBAND.
 had so much  discussion; never has it filled  At the murder  trial of Rev. Mr. Hayden,
 so large a space in newspapers  and maga-   now  going on, Mr. Waller, who made  it the
 zines; never has it drawn such large and at- duty of a wife to perjure herself for the
 tentive audiences; never found  entry into  sake of her husband, has called out the fol-
 halls and churches so reputable. If the op- lowing just and needed criticism and counter
 ponents of the  agitation were wise, they   statement from Mrs. Elizabeth B. Chace, in
 would Ignore It. dismiss it without consid- the Providence Journal:
 eration, smother it with silence. It Is sui-  '-The word  I feel moved to say, however,
 cidal for them to devote so many  pages of  relates to other features of this trial, and.
 influential periodicals to proving that the also to the usual methods  of dealing with
 subject is not. worth a moment's attention. crime.  I trust that not I alone was shocked
 Ten lines ought to annihilate it, if it is such  by the utterance of Mr. Waller, who cross-
 a trifle as that. In Mrs. Stowe's  capital  examined  Mrs. Hayden,  of his idea of mo-
 short story of The Minister's Housekeep-   rality for all married women, when he said,
 er Sam Lawson  and  the ladies of the par- that 'any devoted and  loving wife would
 Ish determine to bush upa certain malicious perjure herself, and ought to do it, to save
 report, so. they form little bands and go   her husband:' and 'a woman  would be  jus.
 about to every house, In order to prevent   tified in such a case In exaggeration, preva-
 the matter from being talked about. Wom-    rication or perjury.' Although he was  re-
 an Suffrage is being hushed up, just now,   buked  by the counsel for the  defence for
 in much the same judicious fashion,      his question,   whether,  under oath  as she
   The  assertion is still boldly made that  was, she would  not 'make  a misstatement
this reform is in a hopeless minority, among to save her husband,' and the Court ruled
women   and men.   For  one I have  always   out the question as an  improper  one, we
believed the majority to be  opposed  to it, have no report that either the Court or the
and  that is one reason why I have kept urg- counsel repudiated the sentiment. Fearing
Ing it. Yet, some  things shake this belief, that this view of wifely duty may  not be
from  timd' to time. If the minority  is so  an  uncommon   one, I feel called upon to
hopeless, why  is It that the essential princi-  utter against it my unqualified and earnest
ple of the reform, namely, the  actual par-  protest. And   here I take this opportunity
ticipation of women   in voting, was, enact- to say, that, in any matter which especially
ed  by the Massachusetts Legislature-with    affects the duty of a woman, placed in cir.
a  majority, in the lower house, of nearly   cumtances  such  aA are  utterly impossible
two  to one,-last winter?, To say that they  for a  man  to occupy, and, consequently,
were  enfranchised for one purpose  only is  such as he cannot fully understand, if there
like a hen's supposing that so has hatched   is any question as to what that dutyis, wo
ducklings  for  one purpose  only; once let  men  are far better qualified to decide than
them   out of the egg, and  theywill  soon   men  are.
wish  to paddle in the water.  It i icon-    4 If Woman   is an individual, placed in this
ceivable that the Massaihusetts Legislature  world, as man  is, to develop her best and
knew  so little of women as to suppose, that, highest possibilities, to assume her own re-
having   taken all the trouble to pay their  sponsibilities, to suffer or to enjoy the con-
taxes  and march  into town-meeting,  they   sequences, here and  hereafter, ofther own
would   be  satisfied to vote only for the   actions, and to transmit  of these  conse-
school-committee  who  regulate the schools, quences to her posterity, through countless
and  not also for the town officers who are  generations; it her conduct and character
to decide whether  every school-house shall  cast their Influence on. the moral sentiment
.or shall not have a liquor-shop next door.- of the- world around  her, then, I ask, has


I


These  legislators must have  known  what
they were doing; even a woman  knows  that
if you once invite a child to creep, it will
soon Invite itself to walk; and it is not cred-
ible that the Great and General Court will
be very much  astonished, this winter, when
the petitions for temperance suffrage begin
to come in.
  Another   thing which  should be  a con.
stant encouragement   to the friends of this
movement   is that, for some reason or other,
it obtains the allegiance of leading public
men,  in this region. Last year, in Massa.
chusetts, both the governor and lieutenant
governor  were  understood to  favor it; in
the  late election, both the leading candi.
dates,  Messrs.  Long  and   Butler, were
claimed  in its support; and there is, I be-
lieve, no doubt  about the  opinion of the
Governor-elect, at least so far as the gener-
al principle is concerned. Of the five prom.
inent candidates for speaker, of the Massa.
chusetts House   of Representatives, three
are on record on the same side. Mr. Brack-
ett voted for Woman   Suffrage in 1878 and
for  School  Suffrage in 1879, and paired
in  favor of the constitutional amendment
in the same year.  Mr. Noyes voted against
Woman Suffrage In 1878, but in favor of
both  the bills on that subject in 1879. Col.
Stone  voted  for it in 1878, and last year
was  not in the legislature. Mr. Walker op.
posed  it in every form last winter, and is
likely to  do co again;  Mr. Morse   voted
againstit ten years ago, during which period
a good  many  have changed  their opinions,
though  he may  not have done so. All these
are men  of prominence  and  influence, and
the  majority of them  favor Woman Suf-
frage.  It is a singular fact, surely. Why
should  they do it?  Every one of them  is
sincere  about it, or else he is insincere; if
sincere his vote shows  which way the men
active  in public affairs are tending; if in-
sincere, he is a straw to show which  way
the  wind  blows, all the more. Politicians
do  not bend to a breeze that has no exist-
ence.
   When  I think of the anti-slavery times of
 twenty-five or thirty years ago; of the so-
 cial and political sacrifices that had to be
 made  by those who advocated it; and then
 think what a  bed of roses, comparatively,
 is the path of the Woman Suffrage reform-
 er;-it sometimes seems to me that we may,
 after all, be nearer to final success than we
 have dared to dream.   What   will become
 of us if we  should  wake  up, some  fine
 morning,  and  discover  ourselves to  be
 without a grievance? But let us be comfort


she  any duty or right to violate her con-
science, to compromise her future peace, to
make   of herself a criminal, to save any
man  from  the legal consequences of a crime
he has chosen to commit?
   Let us  look at it.  The  husband  and
 father of a family is supposed to have com-
 mitted a murderous crime. The wife and the
 mother is supposed to be acquainted with
 circumstances which may  lead to his con-
 viction or acquittal. She is summoned  as
 a witness for the defence. She has hitherto
 been an  honest, truthful woman, teaching
 to her children the principles which have
 governed  her own  conduct.  But  it is an
 admitted principle that, under these circum-
 stances, a woman is justified in swearing
 falsely. What is her evidence worth? But,
 supposing that she thus saves her husband
 from punishment, what  must her life, what
 must their life together, be afterward-he a
 murderer and  she a liar? What  can  they
 he to each  other? What   can they  be to
 their children? Supposing, on the contrary,
 she acts true to the principles which have
 hitherto governed her life, and, in reply to
 the questions she must answer, she simply
 and  conscientiously speaks the truth, re-
 membering  her duty to do right, whatever
 the consequences. Let  these be what they
 will, will she not be afterward a happier,
 more respected woman,  and to her children
 a better mother, if she comes back to them
 withhersoul unstained by a wilful lie? And,
 if in after years, the children learn that
 their father was a murderer, will it not h
 a blessing and a help to them to know, that
 their mother was  an honest woman,  who,
 though she loved the misguided  man,  and
 would willingly have died to save him from
 crime, would not  become  his accomplice,
 by lying to save him from its consequences?
   The   dangerous  sentiment,  however,
 which  is, I fear, alarmingly prevalent, is, I
 believe largely due to the abborrence, which
 is coming more and more  to be felt, of the
 taking of human  life as a punishment for
 any crime; and  therefore that this must be
 avoided at almost any cost. 'And this feel-
 ing of abhorrence is so strong, thst it is
 growing more  and more  dificult to convict
 a person of murder, where  capital punish-
 ment has  not been abolished.  I have  no
 doubt that many guilty persons escape con-
 viction, wholly in conseqpenee of this re-
 pulsion, which every step In our civilization
 renders more strong. When  the time comes,
 as it surely will, that all our eorts toward
 the suppression of crime lie in the direction
 of reform; when the necessary restraint and
 confinement are  conferred under  circum-
 stances the best possible for the development
 of good character, even when a life time is
 too short to fully accomplish it, then we
 shall know that such circumstances are the
 best and the happiest in which a criminal
 can be placed, and all this temptation to
 swear  falsely to save him will disappear,
 for it will be evident to those who love him
 best, that his own welfare demands this ed-
 ucational treatment; and this hesitation to
 convict when the evidence is sufficient, will
 no longer exist. Then, if a mistake should
 be made,  and an  innocent person should
fall under suspicion so strong as to lead to
his consignment  to this educational process,
it can do him  no harm; and it will be very
remarkable,  if time shall not give him op-
portunity to prove his innocence.
                           E. B. CHJACE.
   Vdley Falls De.  13, 1879.

   MR. OLADSTONE VS.   ME, PAREMAN
   Mr.  Francis Parkman,   in the January
 number  of the Narth American Reviet says:
   Most of the matters with which govern-
 ment  properly concerns  Itself, such  as
 finance, agriculture, manufactures, tarift,
 transportation and war. are  matters with
 which  women  in general can  never be fa-
 miliar, and in dealing with which feminine
 qualities have no particular place:
   But  below  we see that on one of these
 great subjects, that of war, Mr. Gladstone
 appeals to women.   In addressing some of
 theladiesof Edinburgh, who had  assemb
 to present him  with an  album  of phoo
 graphic views  of  Scottish scenery,  ,  
 Gladstone said: Ladies, I am not here
 one of  those who  have even  profesed to
 believe that the state which our society has
 reached permits us to make  a vow of ua -
 versal peace, and to renounce upon all ca s
 the alternative of war; but I am here to. y
 that a long experience of life leads me, Vt
 toward any abstract doctrine upon the a b-
 ject, but to a deeper and deeper convict n
 of the enormous  mischief of war, even a
 the best and most favorable circumtan   .
 and of the mischief, indescribable and un-
 redeemable,. of causeless and unnecery
 war.  Look bak   over the pages of history,
 and  conslidtr the-feelings with which we
 now  regard the wars that our  forefathers


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I                                          I


in  their time supported with the most per-
nicious enthusiasm, of which we  have had
some   development in  this country within
the  last three years. Can you  credit, for
example,  that the  Amrican war, now
deemed   foolish by 909 in every thousand in
thils country, was  a war  which  for long
years was supported-which   for some years
was  enthusiastically supported-by the mass
of the population?  Then see how powerful
and   deadly are the fascinations of passion
and  of pride, and if it be true that the er-
rors of  former times are recorded for our
instruction, in order that we  may   avoid
their repetition, then I beg and entreat you
to be on your guard against this deadly fas-
cination.  Do  not suffer appeals to national
pride  to blind you to the dictates of justice.
Remember that   the rights of those savages,
as  we  may call them, and  the sanctity of
life among  the hill tribes, and the happiness
of  their humble  homes   amid the  winter
snows  of Afghanistan, are as sacred in the
eyes  of  Almighty  God as  are your own.
Remember that   He  who  has united you to.
gether  as human   beings of the same flesh
and  blood, has bound  you in mutual love,
and  that mutual love is not limited by the
shores  of this country, nor limited by the
boundaries  of Christian civilization; that it
passes  over the wide surface of the earth,
and   embraces  the meanest as well as the
greatest in Its wide scope. I think that In
appealing  to you to bear your own part In a
political crisis like this, I am making no in-
appropriate  demand,   but  am  beseeching
you,   as women,  to perform a duty which
belongs  to you, which, so far from involv-
ing  any  departure from  your character as
women,   is associated with the fulfillment
of  that character and  the performance of
its duties, and the neglect of which would
in  some  future time be to you a source of
pain,  but the accomplishment of which will
serve  to build your future years with sweet
remembrances,   and whIch  will warrant you
in  hoping  that each  of you  within your
own   place and sphere has raised your voice
for  justice and striven to mitigate the sor.
rows   and misfortunes of mankind
            EDUCATEWQOMEN.
   The  demand  for higher education for wo-
 men   has called from Mrs. Tracy Cutler a
 pleasant reminiscence of Its beginning at
 Oberlin, which appeared in the No Eng-
 land Journal of Education.
   An  article in your September number, en-
 titled Kansas Speaks, has led me  to go
 over a little the long experience of my life,
 which  began before it was thought fitting
 for women  to acduire anything beyond the
 most meagre sa cdeic education.
 I  was  living In Lorraine Co., Ohio, when
 Oberlin was established in principles so for-
 eign to all preconceived notions, that it was
 confidently predicted by the masses that it
 would  soon come to an Inglorious end. It
 was so absurd as tprop  the   liberal edii-
 cation of women,  8e~e permitting all
 ranks, and degrees, and colors of men  to
 struggle for the inestimable prize.
   Nevertheless, the experiment succeeded.
 And  what  has seemed  to me Its crown of
 triumph, has been Its refning, and beautify-
 ing,and  ennobling the home life of all who
 have come  within the sphere of its influ.
 ence.  It is welliIn all such experiments that
 the beginning  should be as free from mis-
 takes as possible. The  wives of the early
 Oberlin professors were women o! rare good
 sense, as well s earnestness of purpose.
 These  ladies undertook  to give a certain
 amount  of attention to domestic matters,
 and every week the young ladies were called
 together to listen to familiar talks on prac-
 tical duties of life In the home Meanwhile,
 the lady who led In thecoversation of the af-
 ternoon had her work-basket beside her and
 showed  the students how  to refoot  their
 stockings, or how to sew tapealong the seams
 of new onessoas to prevent them from break-
 ing away;thow toso skilflly repair under-
 garments that they shuld do almost double
 duty, how to make large aprons of old dress
 skirts, or to make over material that was
 worth  reconstructing.  Then  there were
 talks about the care of roos and the  em-
 bellishment of home, many of them worthy
 of Clarence Cook.   Girls tus taught  re-
 turned to their homes with elevated Ideas
 of life, but with no false notions of extrav-
 agance.  From   the wilds of the remotest
 West, to the courts of Eastern kings,.these
 educated women  have carried this gospel of
 life in all Its purity, while it hs been a true
 leaven all through our land. I cannot con-
 ceive of any  well-wisher of his race who
 could  object to the careful, thorough edu-
 cation of those who  must  ever constitute
the very innermost  of home, and who will
either give grace and dignity, or else dwarf
life because of their own  meager  endow.
ments.
          WEATS IN A NAMBYI
   ErronS JOURnWAL:- Merry Christmast
 I read in the  JournAL   of Mrs. Senator
 Chandler  and  Mrs. General  Somebody  (I
 have forgotten the name.) irewomen   sn-.
 ators and generalst I did not know it,
         Yours truly,     S. R. Unmo,
   De,  26, 187.                   .


CONCERNING WOMEN.
  Ms, . F. 0ELLIS established the first
kindergarten of Peoria,  which  is now in
Succssful Operation.
  Lucy  HootIn is about to publish a novel
entitled, Unnder the  Tricolor; or, the
American  Colony in Paris.
  Ms.   ComoLTAMILLER, agenerous Iowa
  lady, his given $80,000 to the Garrett Bibli-
cal Institute, at Evanston, Ill.
  Mus. KATI   T. Woos will edit   the col-
umn  which  the Salem APt  will henceforth
devote to women  and their work.
  Mius. Auma s D. AJInis, of New  Orleans,
has applied to Collector Merritt for a place
in the New  York Custom  House, but  there
is no vacancy.
   MiS. GRANT Is to receive from the Metho-
 (list ladies of Philadelphia a gift of an
 ebony chair, covered with  crimson plush
 and embroidered with black satin.
   MLLi. ROSA  Bonnaun    has just bought
 for $1000 a magnificent lion from the Zoolo-
 gical Garden at Marseilles, and she Intends
 to paint Its portrait for next year' Salon.
   Mas.  ELmZAnwrr   Twompsox, of New
 York, has sent Fred  Douglass  her cheek
 for $2'50 to aid the North Carolina exiles Il
 oases of pressing necessity.
   Ms.  Anny  EARLE of Athol, has been p-
 pointed matron of the Rome of the Young
 Women's  Christian Association on Warren-
 ton street,, Boston, and will assume hr new
 duties the last of January.
   Mius. L. WooDRUrr   COOPER, of Water-
 town, has for many  years allowed some of
 her  lroe buildings In that city to stand va-
 cant, rather than rent them to liquor dealers
 This is temperance work, not word.
   Rints. 3. B. C. BLADE furnihes a variety
 of exercises suitable for entertainments,
 Sunday  schools, temperance  meetings and
 for day Schools.  They  may befound   In
 hr  Glod  Tims, published at 1o Hawley t.
   Mas. Joix  C. GEzn, of   New  York, has
 given  $100,000 to the  American Sunday
 Sunday School  Union, the interest only to
 be  available. The money Is to be devoted
 In part  to the  development  of Sunday
 school literature of a high merit.
   MRS. CRtLns   Damstan, of   Hallowel,
 Me., has given $59  for an annual free bed
 to the Maine General Hospital, at Portland.
 This is  understood to  be in addition to
 $4000 paid some  time  since, by the same
 generous woman,  for a permanent free bed.
   Miss ALai  La QYT,   of Bristol, England,
 some yearssince founded a temperance cd%
 In that city. It has been successfull in sub
 stituting coffee for beer among the po6r,
 and upon Miss  Le Geyt's recent departure
 from the place she was  presented with- a
 silver inkstand in recognition ofther efforts,
   Miss Rooet,   a cousin of Ribaid   Cob
 den, has just been  distinguishing herself
 greatly at Oxford, where her  xaminstions
 have been the wonder of theniversity. ' It
 is said that she writes Latin prose as bril-
 liantly as any Don in the 'Varsity, and her
 Greek prose Is also admirable. The young
 lady has just been  appointed  lecturer at
 Somerville Hall,
   Miss FRAcas   WILLARD,Presideatof   the
 Women's  Christian Temperance  UIon,   is
 at present working in Iowa; duringNovem.
 ber, in Illinois, organized Women's Chis-
 tian Temperance   Unions  -at  Biggaville,
 Buda,  Sheffield, Bement.   Arrangdinents
 are in progress. to organize auxiliaries at
 Sullivan and-Minnis. The Young  Woman's
 Christian Temperance Union have been rep-
 resented in these different points by Miss
 Anna Gordon,  who  now,  in lowa, bas i-
 cently organized a union at Cedia Rapids.
   MnS. M.  BRADFORD    Stanthe      unCLARK,
 sister of Antoinette 8terlin;. aniddescendent
 of Gov.  Bradford, born and  bred in Jeff.
 County, New   York, and  author Of  some
 valuable Sabbath school books, habuilt by
 subscriptions obtained through great per-
 sonal exertions a beautiful church (Episco-
 pal) at her home, Great Bend, near-Water-
 town.  Shehasorganizeda   thriving church
 society, a Sabbath school and temperance
 society, reads the service, addresses'the peo-
 ple on reform topics, is deaconess In the
 church, Alamp   amid the night  
   EsAxon   B. KING  recovered a judgment
 for $8,845 against William 3acKelhar, be-
 fore Justice Donobte  in New   York otn a
 loan made  more than ten years ago.  1res.
 King had no security for her loan- bit as
 she alleged, trusted to the wordof- thie de-
 feadant that a mortgage had beelinade  in
 her name upon a house of thedefendant in
 Second Avenue. ' The intrisetwds regular-
 ly paid until January, '178,  whon  Mrs.
 King discorered that theSonly mortgage on
 the property was in thsname of   rs. Mae-
 Kellsr, and that - she herself was without
 any security,                I!L


I I


NO. 1.

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