1 Woman's J. 1 (1870)

handle is hein.journals/wmjrnl1 and id is 1 raw text is: 


VOL. .                                                   BOSTON AND CHICAGO, SATURDAY, JANUARY 8, 1870.                                                                                               NO. 1.

A  Weekly Newspaper, published every Saturday, In nowroN and
hIcAGo,  devoted to tile interests of Wmian, to her educational,
1ndustria, legal and political Equality, and especially to her right
of suffrage.
 TERlMS-88.00  a year, invariably it advalce.
 CLUn  RATEs:-Any  person seuding six subscribers will receive
 a Seventh oopyftec. Ten coples will be forwarded on receipt of

 BOsTON  Orc-4 Treimnt   Place, rear of Trenont House, and
 second door front Beacon street.
 (ICAGO   OrFVI--82 WasiIngtor street, Olice of Legal News.

   All Communications for the WeaAS's JOURnNAL, and all letter
 relating to its editorial Imanagenmen, must be addressed to MARY
 A. Ltvauxoni, Managing Editor.
 Letters conitaining renittances, and relating to the business de-
 partment of the paper, annut lie addressed to HunY B, BLACK-
 'WELL, BOX 4297, Boston.
 MYRA   BuADWnLs,  Editor of thie Legal News, 82 Washington
 street, Chicago, is the Western Agent of the WoMAN's JoURNAL,
 and is authorized to receive substalptions, transact business, etc.

         ________   4~ ~eiri.       _    ____

  0 maiden! come Into port bravely, or sail with God the seas.
  With joys unknown,  with sadness unconfessed,
  The generous hoart accepts the passing year,
  Finds duties dear and labor sweet as rest,
  And  for itself knows neither care star fear.'
  Fresh as the morning, earnest . the hor
  That calls the noisy world to grateful sleep,
  Our silent thought reveres the nameless Power
  That high seclusion round thy life doth keep;
  So, feigned the pocts, did Diana love
  To smile upon her darlings while they slept;
  Serene, untouched, and walking far above
  The narrow ways  wherein the many  crept,
  Along her lovely path of hminous air
  She glided, of her brightness unaware.
  Yet,.if they said she heeded not the hymn
  Of shepherds, gazing heavenward friom the moor,
  Or homeward  sailors, when the waters dim
  Flash'd with long spleinlors, widening toward the shore;
  Nor wondering eyes of children carted to see,
  Or glowing face of happy lover, upturned,
  As late he wended from the trysting-tree,
  Lit by the kindly lamp in heaven that burned;
  And heard unmoved  the prayer of wakefil pain,
  Or consecrated maiden's holy vow,-
  Believe them not! they sing the song in vain;
  For so it never was, and is not now.
  Her heart wasgentle as her face was fair,
  With grace and love and pity dwelling there.
                                   F. B. SsNoxzv.

                     MY  SAINT.
 hils tiny old woman in faded black gown,
 With  her funiy pug nose so saucy and quaint,
 3o trim and complete from her feet to her crown-
 You'd  scarcely believe it, but she is my saint.
The clear brown eye grown heavy, with care,
the little brown hands the worse for wear,
             The thinning strands of her silvery hair
   Are still to my heart unspeakably fair.

Many a year have we jrnirneyed together,
  Ioften despondent, quite heart-sick and faint,
She bravely defyingthe stormiest weather-
Herself sweetest sunshine-my   glorious saint!
Never a care have I borne alone,
Never In solitude made my moan;
Ne*er and neierer the tie has grown,
FlIesh of my flesh is she$ bone of my bone.
The beauty that dwells in her wrinkled old face,
  This poor silly pen of mine never can paint;
'Tis 4,hao from heaven-a natural grace               A
  For the soul that looks out from the eyes of my saint.
Eairy and late, by night and by day,                 t
  hether I watch or whether I pray,
Th1t soul still lightens my toilsome way,
Its truth my evangel, its love my stay.

  e.  U. S. Grant Is, perhaps, no orator, as Brutus
Ws, but he has lately shown himself to be undeniably
our geatest living writer of flction. His recent Mes-
sg  to Congress contains passages which, for exuber-
e  of 0ancy, and a certain splendid audacity of expres-
lion, are not to be surpassed by the happiest efforts of
S4ontemporary   romanelsts, The  briefest, most carso-
qaotiee of a few of these passages cannot fail to substan-
Sthe~  assertion justimade. Thus, for instance, in olie'
  thea1, our highly imaginative ruler informs an admir-
t X14d   that America is blessed ... with a popula- 1
ti06 of40,000,000 of free people.
liew  the plain, unvarnished fact of the matter is that
    0   of this population is without rights of per

son, without rights of Prperty, without rigmt of trimaI b
a  julry Of' Its peers, Without a voice in tie framiig of th
laws   unler which it is acluitted or condeimnired, withou
representation  in the govermnent  which it is taxed to
support.   What  a noble specimon of the lofty-fictitions
In  writing is this, then, wherein a nation containing 20,
000,000  of virtual serfs is described as a free people I
   But  our Executive further announces  that America
 is blessed .... withfaciities fo eeve rmrtl to acquire
 an education   Aoher'   m nlly-thntastic flight of fanscy
 onhis  part. Forbeyond   the commo-school   course,
 -which   Is but the alphabet of knowledge, and canno
 by any possibility be termed edueation-beyond  thi
 course, there are no lellities for intellectual train
 ing afordednto some 20,000,000 of mortals within ou
 borders. Universities amd colleges bar thse unilio
 out; schools of law and theology frown thet out; mdi
 cal scools-mob   theem out.
   Perhaps, however, Mr. Grant's inagnificent power o
 literary inventioml is most clearly displayed in the state
 mRent Which follows: We  are blessed . . .. with institu.
 lions closing to nsone the (eenues to fane, or to any bles
 sing of fortune that may be coveted. How purely and
 beautifully imaginative is this!
   And  how  this glorious ideal shames the disgraceful
 real! For our  boasted Institutions, so far from open
 ing time avenues of national fime and fortune to
 all, close, and not only close, but barricade them, against
 20,000,000 of American inhabitants. Not one individual
 of all these millions is permitted the expectation of ulti-
 inately reposing in the Presidential Chair, or on the
 Supreme  Bench.  Not  one is allowed to cherish the
 blissful hope of some day inflicting a Mssage upon
 the 'nation; not one can obtain a ftreign appointment
 as Minister or petty Consul; not one is granted a tfair
 chance  at the pickings and stealing.s of the Revenue
 Department;  nay-not  one  can act as clerk of a paltry
 town, or tax-collector of a rural district, or even as piti-
 ful alderman of a would-be city. Avenues not closed-
   But  enough  has been said to demonstrate very per-
 fectly our chief magistrate's pre6minence among fiction-
 ists. His is Indeed an extraordinary faculty for rom nc-
 ing that makes itself seen and felt even In the dull, sta-
 tistical columns of an official paper. We hope Mr. G.
 will in no wise slight or disregard his wonderful gift
 but carefully foster it.
   We could almost wish he would forsake the sanguina-
ry amd  bitter confil't s of military and political life, in
which   e has been so long engaged, and betake himself
to the peaceful arena of literature for which he seems so
eminently  fitted. Let him  but turn his matchless in-
ventive ability to the construction of a nodern sensation-
al novelette-and  we  can  promise him  a brilliant fit-
ture.  His friend Bonner would  receive him with arms
more  widely out-stretched than now; and  while thou-
sands  of Bonner's subscribers pored over his airy con-
ceits, and thousands of Bonnes dollars poured Into his
happy pockets, we feel sure lie would cry with joy-The
pen  is mightier than the sword.     WSTENER.
  SAN  FRANclsco,  Dec., 1869.

              HARVARD vs.   THE  WEST.
  It was not a pleasant thing for the Eastern delegates
at the  Cleveland Woman Surage Convention to be
reproached with  representing a community  so far be-
hind the age as to exclude women from college. It was
especially unpleasant for the Harvard graduates there
present, to hear a clever Western woman dissect th logic
of President Eliot's inaugural address. It awakened
the wish that the new  President hail looked West, as
well as East, In his studies of university education, and
had inquhmed after the results of Oberlin and Knox, as
well as of Oxford and Heidelberg.  E  oriente lu is
but half the story; Westward the star of empire, makes
the other half.
  President Eliot, like the newly-made judge in the tale,
was not so far wrong in his decision as in the reasons
he gave for it. Amid the vast accumulation of respon-
sibilities which must confront a new Harvard President,
no one could blame him for postponing to another year
evet'y Issue capable of postponement. Even a cautious
and expectant policy might bejustified for Harvard. on
the ground of that ancient and traditional conservatism
which  somehow  confers a brevet  antiquity upon the
most juvendsle tutor within its walls. Granted that it Is
time mission of Harvard among American colleges to fol-
low, not lead, yet this rearward and subordinate position
should not be made to appear still humbler by assigning
trivial reasons for It. Amdit is not possible to recognize it
as more than a trivial reason, when the President founds
ills main objection to the aduission of women on the
difficulties involved in the common residence of hun-
dreds of young men and women   of immature character
and marriageable age. And  when  lie goes on to de-
clare pathetically that the necessary police regulations
are exceedingly burdensome, he fairly lays himself open
to the keen wit of the Western woman  aforesaid, (Mrs.
Cole, of the Western Ioman's Advocate), who proposes
by way of compromise,  that each woman   admitted to
Harvard  should bring her own   policeman, beside the
traditional knife, fork, spoon and napkin-ring, for each.
  The sigle fact is, that President Eliot, while training
himself admirably on most.departments of the science of
education, seems in this direction never to have opened
his eyes. Had he done so, he must have  seen that in-
stead of this being a matter concerning which preju-

Digitized  from  Best  Copy  Available

  Idicestan depmilt 0 pimmioI I i)aImmmnble, and experiece
eScamiY, it Iskills the other Iamdaiateuwreir iles
t are turning out to be shallow, amid opiniot i iseoli 1mg
  renmsomnable, aipexperene is vey large  aid >cecomig i-
  lating day by hlay. Precisely these itagiar al in   -
- of'some supposed depth of prejudice, and excitability of
  opinion, were always brought to bear against the itro-
i ductlon of colored pupils Into schools ;but this alarm
  was a bubble that  vanished at a touch, and it always
  turned out that nobody had any very serious objections.
    What  was found true of the mixture of colors will be
t found true of the combination of sexes, so far as the
s prejudices of'any part of the community are concerned.
- When   the thing Is once done, everybody will soon forget
r that the pracice was ever otherwise. Thus  mucth  for
s public opinion; now  let us look at the scanty expe-
i- riemce.
    New  England  has for many years been full of country
f academies, In a large part of which there has been just
- this combination  of young  men  and maidens   which
- President Eliot deprecats. The  average age is not far
d different from that of students in college, amid if' the
average   social and intellectual culture is less in these
  academies, that increases the value of the experiment,.
l New  England  is also fill of High Schools ini whichjoint
- education is the general rule. The pupils of these, un-
  like those of the academics, are day-scholars, though
t they include many who  have taken  up their residenee
,Iln the town expressly to attend the High School. Add
  to these the Normal Schools, in some of which the sexes
  are uited; add also the constantly increasing tendency
  to tihe same union in private schools, and we have instead
  of a scanty expeience avast body of carefully tried ex-
  periment. The  peculiarityof this experimentis thatit all
  points one way; one rarely hearsof'amixedschool divid-
  ed again, while constant changes are occurring in the
  other direction. In public and in private schools, int
  academies and  high schools, it is found that the police
  regulations, which so alarm President Eliot, are in fact
  but a simple and easy thing.
    Nowy it is impossible to say that these experiments
  are not directly in point. It Is absurd to say that a
  more cultivated social atmosphere and a higher Intel-
  lectual training are to make it more difficult for young
  men and maidens  to jive properly together. If boys and
  girls of eighteen can study algebra safely together at
  Leicester, there is no reason w      y . shidd be d-
  moraifly 1 if  l  ngriithe differential alculus,
  at Cambridge.  If Virgil is an Innocuous study at the
  Putnam   School in  Newburyport,  Homer   cannot  be
  spiritual death for joint classes at Harvard. If three
  hundred  pupils of both sexes; frot a dozen dillferent
  States, can be safely superintended at the  Williston
  Seminary in Easthampton, the same  thing can be done
  anywhere  else. It is a sheer insult to assert that col-
  lege boys must be assumed to be brutes, and only acad-
  emy boys trusted to act like gentlemen.
  So  clear ismall this, that the West, if not the East, has
  long since made the slight step fom  tie academy to
  the college. For thirty-five years at Oberlin-for a short-
  er period at other points-this combination has  been
  tried. An expriment  of thirty-five years' standing has
  long since passed beyond  the epoch  of experiment,
  though it can be ignored, like any other experiment, by
  simply closing one's eyes. A college of more than  a
  thousand annual pupils-a college which has furnished
  ten other colleges with presidents, and which, claims
  twenty-two such institutions as having sprung from its
  own bosom-such   a college might be visible, one would
  think, as far as Boston, and might have its experience
  reckoned as something  more  than scanty.  President
  Finney estifies, as all good teachers testify, that the la-
  bor of 4lcipline is greatly reduced, not increased, by the
  presened of women.  He  says, moreover, that lie has.
  sometimes known a year to pass, at Oberlin, without the
  need of a single presidential admonition. God grant to
  the iew Harvard Presidebit, untrammelled by the neces-
  sity of making police regulations. for women, a year of
  such miraculous peace I
  More  unequivocal  yet is the testimony of President.
  Blanchard, of Knox College, Galesburg, Illinois, as to the
  disciplinary results of the admission of women. He has
  lately glyon a detailed account of his fourteen years' ex-
  perienc, in the New York Independent, and thus sums
  it up..
  I  would not be preskl nt of any but a college where
  both sexes were pupils. Ift fourteen years at Kno.Col-
  lege, ith an annual attendance of' 200 to 500 pupils,
  there were eleven years in which I never had to take a
  case of discipline before our faulty; yet the faulty
  alone had power to gpxpl  Young  men  woud   rather
  be fued, iusticated, expelled,.any and all put together,
  than have the misdemeanors of which they were known
  to be guilty, calmly discussed in college chapel, where
  the young ladies are present. Hazing, practising M-
  sonic imitations by tossing in a blanket, &c., as is now
  practised at Yale, Brown and otherdi colleges-coarse,
  practical jokes and general deviltry these cease to be.
  funny since girls cannot take part Inthem, and vn ce 1
Ieg  pblice-power cani extermintate. by mre vigilance
ani  severity such miserable horse-play, which yet per-
ishes at once before female cottempt.
   The admission of .woman  Into college will be moreI
 than a triumph  of justice over Injustice; it will be a9
 step hi civilization. And thoughl the wods of President1
 Eliot have seemed Inadequate, his acts have thus far
 been good. The  same annual  atalogue that announces
 his name as President, also Atnnounces for the first time
 the names of women as pupils, In one of the post-gradu-
 ate courses of the university. Out of the thirteen schol-
 ars in the new University Courses of Instruction inI

SPihilosopihy and Modert Literature, the majority (seven)
are  women.   For this Instruction a residence at Cam-
bridge  is not needed, and it therefore does not fall with-
in  President Eliot's grounid of objection. But It involves
the  most important results, for it is announced that an
examination  for honors will be held at the year's end,
in  connection with these courses, although attendance
at  this examination will be voluntary and the precise
nature  of the honorable mention is not yet determined.
   No  matter what  it is. It cannot, without breach of
 faith, recognize any distinction of sex; ansd this is the
 essential point. And is all this is understood to be a
 lavorite project of the new President's, he deserves hou-
 or fo actions that speak louder than words. But the
 precise nature of the honorable mention cannot be de-
 terilned, till we see how mouch arther he will go.
                                            T'. W. H.

  Man   proposes, but God disposes. This  is verified
  in the career of our misguided friend, Rev. J. D. Fulton,
  who, lecturing through the country aUainst Wom Su
  frage, is spurring on the mnovementorganized to advance
  it. He lectured before the Library Association of Web-
  ster, Mass., a week or two since. * The ines of that
  town, reports that he refirred to the leading emuale ad-
  vocates of W#oman Sutfilage in a seering manner, mait-
  ing low sport of them, without bringing a substanti
  argument against them, aptly illustrating his own asser-
  tion that the chivalric age has passed. He insisted that
  woman  is msan's inferior, both in natural capacity sid
  understanding and in the tender sympathies of the hu-
  man heart; also that she is no better in point of' mo-
  rality. Of actual arngumnent to sustain any of his poiit
  he made none at all, but often exhibited a weak judg-
  meat and  open iiconsistencies. We  venture  the re-
  mark that, of the two hundred women, or thereabouts,
  in the hall,not ten of them, If single, would accept a pro-
  posal of marriage from Mr. Fulton, after hearing this
  lecture, were he free to make one.
  This  lecture seems to have been an affective hot shot
  into the women's camp  in that place, tand they have
  sounded the long roil to arms! They have organized
  a woman's association, for public discussioi, holding
  meetings once a week, and have  concluded  that they
  can cousider some questions quite as well as men
  A  correspondent writing ftom the interior ofMassachu-
  setts inquires, why it would not be well for the New
  England Woman  Sullkage Association to employ Mr. Ful-
  ton to deliver his lecture against women throughout the
  State, since its delivery Is always followed by a healthy
  indignation among  women   and  a  general  uprising
  against his monstrous and slanderous statements? He  
  stings the indifferent to action ,and compels decent mea
  who are covertly opposed to the reform, to hesitate to
  tank themselves with the opposition, under such a cap'

  tave  that it adds a few ill-gotten dollars to Mr, Ful-
  ton's pocket, we have not thought the wordy, wi(ny,
  libellous rhodomontade, which he callsalecture,eold
  have any iresult whatever. But since his ll-purposed
  ffort appears to be over-ruled for good, and is' glvig
  aid and comfort to our cause, we give him the above,
  gratuitous advetisement. We can't advise any body to
  do evll that good may come, but if Mr. Fultn eJoys
  sowing dragon's teeth, there is some satislction in
  knowing that they invariably sprinsp armed menii for
  his own destrucetion.           -.-A. IA        .

                 VERONT AWARE.

  We  are happy to annoutee that the citizens-of Ver-
mont  have taken efficient steps to canva e    8      '
preparatory to the May election,,)wen tas~~iu~
Woman   Suffrage is to be submirted to the peoplefordecl-
sion.  The following is the list of o icers of the Aso
ciation organized for this purpose, as far 'as it is com-
  President, Hon. Charles Reed. Montpeller, Vt.; Vice.
Presldents, Hon. John  B. Holatr,  Bennington;  Hon.
Seneca M. Dorr, Rutland;  Rev. Addison    rwn,  Bat-
fleboro; Col. Lynus E. Knapp, Middlebry; Hon.  James
Hutchinson, Jr., Westitandolph; Hon.  Russell $ Taft,
Burlington; Hon.  A. J. Willard, St. Johnsbury  Hon.
H.  Henry Powers,  Hyde  Park;  Hon. Jasper Rand, St,
Albans;  Recording  Secretary, Henry Oak  Lid;
Corresponding  Secretary, Albert Olat*e, St. A
Treasurer, Albert D. Hager,  Potorsv4il; heat e
Committee,  Hon.  O.  W.  Wllard,   Motelt;E.           -
Charles Reed, MontpelIer; George  .i    r     dii-
ton; Newman.Weeks, Rutland4 Hon. J
St. Johnsbmuy, Rev. Eli Ballo,    n
  In addition to these,anaumber of the mosemnetoli-
zens of the State hae since been addedose names .
we cannot now give.  kgemthebeendo
t State Convention. at Moiatpell, on-the#2d ard.8d of
Febrbary, and a campaIgn laugarated  in Angert'with
the American  Woman Su,':ssooietiq. <Dstin-
gilshed speakers have  already e   &   tttend the-
State Convention--Julia Ward  Howe,, Mary  A. Liver-
moke, William Lloyd Garrison, Lacy. Stone,   enry B..
Black~well, Lily Peckhant, andi othe~rs.,

  W'*  The  exchanges of the*A   r   n will horetter
mail their issues to the ofeo ofthe WoxAn's JonaxI. ,
Boarox, MAss.

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