20 Wm. Mitchell L. Rev. 835 (1994)
With Liberty and Juvenile Justice for All: Extending the Right to a Jury Trial to the Juvenile Courts

handle is hein.journals/wmitch20 and id is 849 raw text is: COMMENTS
WITH LIBERTY AND JUVENILE JUSTICE FOR ALL:
EXTENDING THE RIGHT TO A JURY TRIAL TO THE
JUVENILE COURTS
I.  INTRODUCTION  ...........................................  836
II. PURPOSES AND PROTECTIONS OF THE CRIMINAL SYSTEM ..... 837
A .  Retribution  ...........................................  837
B.  Rehabilitation  .........................................  837
C. The Swing Back Toward Retribution .................... 838
III. HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE JUVENILE COURT
SYSTEM  ..................................................  839
A. Early Treatment of Juveniles in the Court System .......... 839
B. Creation of the First Juvenile Courts ..................... 840
1.  National System  ...................................  840
2.  M innesota  System  ..................................  844
C. Recent Trends in Juvenile Courts ........................ 845
1.  National Trends ...................................  845
2.  M innesota  Trends  .................................  846
IV. DEVELOPMENT OF THE LAW ON THE RIGHT TO JURY TRIALS . 848
A. Constitutional Right to Jury Trials in Adult Court ........ 849
1. Jury Trials in Criminal Cases ....................... 849
2. Jury  Trials in  Civil Cases ...........................  850
B. Evolution of Constitutional Rights in Juvenile Court ...... 851
1.  Right to  a  Hearing  ................................  851
2. Procedural Due Process Rights ....................... 852
3. Proof Beyond a Reasonable Doubt .................... 854
4.  No Right to a Juyy  Trial ............................  854
5. An Open Window: State Legislative Protection ........ 856
C. The Right to a jury Trial in Minnesota .................. 857
V. THE REASONS FOR GRANTING OR DENYING JURY TRIALS IN
JUVENILE  COURT ..........................................  858
A. Reasons States Grant this Right ......................... 859
1. Protection from PrjudicialJudges .................... 859
2. Assure Accurate Fact Finding ....................... 860
3. Due Process and Fundamental Fairness Guarantee the
Right to  a Jury  Trial ...............................  860
4. Once Granted, a Right Cannot be Removed ........... 861
B. Reasons States Do Not Grant this Right .................. 862
1. Juvenile Court Proceedings are Civil, Not Criminal .... 862
2. Uniqueness of the Juvenile Courts .................... 864
3. Juvenile Court Proceedings Would Become Adversarial.. 865
835

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