1974 Wis. L. Rev. 1062 (1974)
Scholars in Self-Estrangement: Some Reflections on the Crisis in Law and Development Studies in the United States

handle is hein.journals/wlr1974 and id is 1074 raw text is: LAW AND SOCIETY
SCHOLARS IN SELF-ESTRANGEMENT: SOME
REFLECTIONS ON THE CRISIS IN LAW AND
DEVELOPMENT STUDIES IN THE
UNITED STATES*
DAVID M. TRUBEKt
MARC GALANTER$
I. INTRODUCTION
A. Scholars in Self-Estrangement
This is a study of the relationship between scholarship and action.
It will show how changes in specialized concepts, theories, and
modes of scholarly activity affect -and are affected by changes in
the moral attitude of scholars towards their professional work. The
essay examines the recent history of a specialized area of United
States academic study concerned with the relationship between -the
legal systems and the development-the social, economic and poli-
tical changes-occurring in Third World countries.1     We will focus
* This essay originated in a report we prepared for the Research Ad-
visory Committee of the International Legal Center. The views expressed
herein, however, are our own, and do not reflect the views either of the
Committee or the Center. The Committee's debate on the issues discussed
here helped us immensely in formulating the ideas in the essay. We also
benefited from an opportunity to discuss the recent history of the law and
development movement with James A. Gardner of the Ford Foundation and
to read a draft of his internal Foundation report on the movement. Stewart
Macaulay and James Magavern gave us useful comments on earlier drafts
and Mary Ann Perga assisted us in the research.
t Professor of Law, University of Wisconsin. B.A., 1957, University of
Wisconsin; LL.B., 1961, Yale University.
$ Professor of Law, State University of New York, Buffalo. B.A., 1950,
M.A., 1954, J.D., 1956, University of Chicago.
1. In this essay, we shall speak of developing countries and the Third
World interchangeably. We use these terms primarily to refer to countries
with relatively low per capita incomes and relatively small industrial sec-
tors. We include all of Latin America, Africa, and Asia except Japan and
China. China, like parts of Eastern Europe, is excluded from our focus for
historical as much as analytical reasons. Recent changes in oil revenue
make the classification of some middle eastern nations difficult; since our
story focuses on Latin America, Africa and Asia we do not try to resolve
these issues. When we speak of development, we mean nothing more than
the social, political and economic changes in developing nations. Since
others whom we discuss have used this term differently, the usage will vary
with the context.

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