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30 W. Legal Hist. 5 (2019)
How the Woman's Vote Was Won in the West: An Overview

handle is hein.journals/wlehist30 and id is 12 raw text is: 

Rebecca J. Mead, Ph.D*
How   the Woman's Vote Was Won in the West: An Overview

     This special issue addresses the processes that produced a remarkable
achievement  by the end of 1914: almost every western state and territory
had  enfranchised its female citizens, creating a new voting population of
four million women. The situation in the West stands in profound contrast
to the East, where  few women   voted until after the ratification of the
Nineteenth   Amendment (1920), and   to the   South, where the
disfranchisement of African-American  men  was  widespread. Yet earlier
suffrage histories have neglected these developments, focusing instead on
anomalous   nineteenth-century successes or generally failing to explain
adequately how this precocious region broke the national stalemate in the
early twentieth century. The reasons for early western victories include the
unsettled nature of regional politics, the cultivation of alliances between
suffragists and farmer-labor-progressive reformers, the complex nature of
western race relations, and the sophisticated activism of western women.
The contributions in this special issue provide insight into these factors
(and others) through examination of the achievement of women's suffrage in
specific states.'

    *  Dr. Rebecca Mead  is a professor of history at Northern Mighigan
University. She earned her PhD  at UCLA.  Her doctoral dissertation was
published by New York University Press in 2004 as How the Vote Was Won:
Women   Suffrage in the Western United States, 1868-1914.
    1.  There are few historical syntheses on this topic. The most recent is
my  book, How the Vote Was Won: Woman Suffrage in the Western United States,
1868-1914  (New York: New  York University Press, 2004), and there is an
earlier work by Beverly Beeton, Women Vote in the West: The Woman Suffrage
Movement, 1869-1896  (New  York: Garland,  1986). Articles with a more
comprehensive  approach include Rebecca Edwards, Pioneers at the Polls:
Woman   Suffrage in the West, in Votes for Women, ed. Jean H. Baker (New York:
Oxford University Press, 2002), and Sandra L. Myres, Suffering for Suffrage:
Western Women   and the Struggle for Political, Legal, and Economic Rights,
in Sandra  L. Myres, Westering Women and the Frontier Experience, 1800-1915
(Albuquerque:  University of New Mexico  Press, 1982). Otherwise, most
articles relate to the history of individual states, beginning with early


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