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54 J. Offender Rehab. 1 (2015)

handle is hein.journals/wjor54 and id is 1 raw text is: 


Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 54:1-18, 2015          1)  Routledge
Copyright 0 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC                            Group
ISSN: 1050-9674 print/1540-8558 online
DOI: 10.1080/10509674.2014.972605



      Discharge Planning for Offenders with
        Co-Occurring Disorders: The Role of
        Collaboration, Medication, and Staff


            HIROKI   TOI  and CRISTINA   MOGRO-WILSON
    School of Social Work, University of Connecticut, West Hartford, Connecticut, USA


    Concern  for offenders with co-occurring disorders is increasing,
    and  few studies have examined the degree of discharge planning
    provided  for this population. The study explored how well the
    selected factors (medication, community support, and resources)
    predict  the degree  of discharge planning  for offenders with
    co-occurring  disorders. A secondary dataset using  a national
    sample  of administrators in criminal justice treatment programs
    (N  = 147) was used for the analysis. Provision of medication upon
    release was the strongest predictor. Furthermore, the findings sug-
    gested collaborations with external groups and having dedicated
    staff may impact the level of discharge planning.

    KEYWORDS co-occurring disorders, discharge   planning,  mental
    illness, offenders, substance use disorders


A  growing number   of offenders with co-occurring disorders, particularly
mental illness and substance use disorders, presents significant challenges
to both criminal justice and community-based service settings (Sacks et al.,
2007; Sacks & Pearson, 2003). While concern for this population is increasing
and most criminal justice organizations have difficulties in providing adequate
discharge  planning, little is known about  discharge planning for this
population and  factors that affect discharge planning. This study aimed to
further the understanding of treatment systems and services for offenders with
co-occurring disorders with a special focus on discharge planning in the
service systems. More specifically, the study explored how well the selected
factors (medication, community support, and resources) predict the degree
of discharge planning.

    Address correspondence to Hiroki Toi, School of Social Work, University of Connecticut,
1798 Asylum Ave., West Hartford, CT 06117, USA. E-mail: hiroki.toi@uconn.edu

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