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5 J. Offender Counseling, Services & Rehab. 1 (1980-1981)

handle is hein.journals/wjor5 and id is 1 raw text is: 





                EDITORIAL





                HYPOTHESES ON
                PRISON VIOLENCE




                Early  1980  riots in the Santa Fe, New   Mexico
penitentiary and the sprawling black ghetto of Miami, Florida-both
nightmarish for the intensity.of the anger and brutality that occur-
red-prompt   a look back into recent history for relevant hypotheses
of explanations.
  During  the late 1960s and early 1970s, I took part in the work of
the President's Crime Commission  and the President's Commission
on  Civil Disorders. Both  national bodies  were concerned  with
escalating violence in the nation (while the presidency was committed
to escalating violence in Southeast Asia); one emphasized violence in
the context of urban crime, the other insurrectional types of violent
confrontations between predominantly  black urban neighborhoods
and predominantly  white agents of law enforcement, including local
and state police forces, the National Guard and the United States Ar-
my. One  much  studied facet of the work of the two commissions was
the surprising extent to which the people who were accused and ar-
rested on charges of violent conduct had extensive prison records.
Clearly, the  fact is that many  governmental   and  government-
supported  organizations with responsibilities for monitoring urban
violence, in general, and prison violence, in particular, learned little
or nothing from the blistering domestic violence and prison riots of a
decade or so ago. Therefore, they were unprepared to either predict
or respond with prophylactic advantages to the Santa Fe and Miami
tragedies.
  Assuming,  arguendo, there were no fertile or provocative insights
from  the  massive data  collected on the hundreds  of  riots and
                 Journal of Offender Counseling, Services & Rehabilitation. Vol. 5(I1), Fall 1980
                 ©1981 by The Haworth Press. All rights reserved.

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