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49 J. Offender Rehab. 1 (2010)

handle is hein.journals/wjor49 and id is 1 raw text is: 


Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 49:1-22, 2010          1)  Routledge
Copyright 0 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC                            Group
ISSN: 1050-9674 print/1540-8558 online
DOI: 10.1080/10509670903435381



  The   Impact of Network Relationships, Prison
    Experiences, and Internal Transformation
    on   Women's Success After Prison Release


                            HOAN N. BUI
             University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA

                           MERRY   MORASH
              Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA


     Using data obtained from retrospective, in-depth interviews with 20
     successful female parolees, the present study examines the effects of
     women  offenders' relationships with people in their social networks
     (i.e., their network relationships) before, during, and after incarcera-
     tion on their postrelease desistence from crime. Because women's
     social networks facilitate women's criminal activiy in the past, shifts
     are necessary to promote successful parole outcomes. A combination
     of negative relationships dissolving due to incarceration, women's
     conscious efforts to improve their social networks, and the availability
     of prison programming and  some prosocial family members work
     together to enable women to access social networks that help them
     avoid crime after release. The study suggests the value ofprison and
     parole programming   that systematically identifies networks that
     can meet women's  needs and that ensures access and availability
     of social networks for women with varying needs.

     KEYWORDS parole, resources,   social network, women offenders

                           INTRODUCTION

Three influences coalesce to raise scholarly interest in women's successful
transition from prison to community. First is the startling increase in the
numbers  of women  in prison and on parole. In less than three decades, there


    Address correspondence to Hoan N. Bui, PhD, University of Tennessee, Knoxville,
Department of Sociology, 901 McClung Tower, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA. E-mail: hbui@
utk.edu

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