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43 J. Offender Rehab. 1 (2006)

handle is hein.journals/wjor43 and id is 1 raw text is: 






Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, Vol. 43 (1), 2006. Pp. 1-22.
Available online at http://www.haworthpress.com/web/JOR
@ 2006 by The Haworth Press, Inc. All rights reserved.
doi:10.1300/J076v43n01 01




Predictors of Stable Employment
Among Female Inmates in New Jersey:
Implications for Successful Reintegration


CYNTHIA L. BLITZ


ABSTRACT The ability of   inmates to secure stable, legal employment for
themselves upon release from prison has been shown to be a crucial ele-
ment for successful community reintegration. These individuals, however,
often fail to find employment due to a multitude of personal, relational,
structural, and institutional barriers. Formerly incarcerated women are par-
ticularly disadvantaged in this respect, given their high rates of psychiatric
and substance abuse disorders, and history of domestic violence in con-
junction with low educational attainment and limited employment skills.
The main goal of the current study was to delineate the relative importance
of a variety of personal factors as determinants of stable employment for fe-
male inmates. Data were collected as part of a population survey of female
inmates in New Jersey (N = 908). Female inmates who volunteered to par-
ticipate in this study were asked to complete a short survey that included
questions about their educational and work histories, their work skills, as
well as their history of need in and treatment for behavioral health services.
Findings from this study underscore the importance of both education and
treatment for behavioral health problems as key determinants of stable em-
ployment. Recommendations   for possible interventions are addressed. [Ar-
ticle copies available for a fee from The Haworth Document Delivery Service:
1-800-HAWORTH.   E-mail address: <docdelivery @haworthpress.com> Website:
<http://www.HaworthPress.com> @ 2006 by The Haworth Press, Inc. All rights
reserved.]


KEYWORDS Women, prison, employment, reintegration

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