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35 J. Offender Rehab. 1 (2002)

handle is hein.journals/wjor35 and id is 1 raw text is: 






Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, Vol. 35(l), 2002. Pp. 1-22.
  2002 by The Haworth Press, Inc. All rights reserved.




Say It Straight Training with Mothers
in  Chemical Dependency Treatment



PAULA  ENGLANDER-GOLDEN
University ofNorth Texas

ELIZABETH  GITCHEL
Bensinger, DuPont & Associates, Little Rock, AR

CRAIG E. HENDERSON
University ofMiami

DAVID E. GOLDEN
University ofNorth Texas

REBECCA  HARDY
University ofNorth Texas


ABSTRACT Effectiveness   of Say It Straight communication training as a
treatment component was evaluated with 36 mothers in residential chemi-
cal dependency treatment. All were indigent, 32 had previous criminal of-
fenses and  14 were on  probation or parole at the time of treatment.
Self-reported, disempowering behaviors showed  highly significant de-
creases after SIS training (p < 0.001). Empowering behaviors, quality of
family and group life showed significant increases (p = 0.001, p = 0.008, p =
0.0 15, respectively). Self-esteem, assessed with one group of eight mothers,
showed  a highly significant increase after training (p = 0.009). Statistically
significant differences between mothers in treatment an average of 40 days
compared  to those in treatment 141 days prior to training disappeared after
10-16 hours of training, although the latter group also showed positive

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