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30 J. Offender Rehab. 1 (2000)

handle is hein.journals/wjor30 and id is 1 raw text is: 

Race, Ethnicity, Sexual Orientation, Violent Crime: The Realities and the Myths. Pp. 1-33.
   2000 by The Haworth Press, Inc. All rights reserved.

Blacks and Whites as Victims and Offenders

in  Aggressive Crime in the U.S.:

Myths and Realities

Rutgers University

Fordham University

ABSTRACT This paper analyzes data on the annual incidence   of aggressive
crime  (homicide, sexual assault, aggravated assault) in relation to race, con-
trasting proportional distribution of Blacks and whites among victims and
offenders in relation to their representation in the general U.S. population.
Blacks  are over-represented among offenders in each category of aggressive
crime:  in homicide at a level 315% greater than their representation in the
general population, in sexual assault at a level 404% as great, in aggravated
assault at 274%  greater than their representation in the general population.
Whites  and others  are under-represented among offenders. Blacks are at
highly increased risk, relative to their representation in the nation's popula-
tion, for victimization in homicide and at some disadvantage (although not at a
level appropriately denominated as risk in a statistical sense) for victimization
in both sexual and aggravated assault. Episodes of criminal aggression initi-
ated by white offenders account for slightly more than 73% of all single-of-
fender episodes of aggressive crime, while episodes initiated by Black offend-
ers  account for  approximately 27%,   so that white-perpetrated criminal
aggression  exceeds Black-initiated criminal aggression at a ratio of 2.7:1.
Blacks  are represented among  offenders in aggressive crime slightly more
than twice their representation in the nation's population. It is more than five
times as likely that a white victim has been set upon by a white offender than

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