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30 J. Offender Rehab. 1 (2000)

handle is hein.journals/wjor30 and id is 1 raw text is: 






Race, Ethnicity, Sexual Orientation, Violent Crime: The Realities and the Myths. Pp. 1-33.
   2000 by The Haworth Press, Inc. All rights reserved.







Blacks and Whites as Victims and Offenders

in  Aggressive Crime in the U.S.:

Myths and Realities




NATHANIEL J. PALLONE
Rutgers University

JAMES  J. HENNESSY
Fordham University


ABSTRACT This paper analyzes data on the annual incidence   of aggressive
crime  (homicide, sexual assault, aggravated assault) in relation to race, con-
trasting proportional distribution of Blacks and whites among victims and
offenders in relation to their representation in the general U.S. population.
Blacks  are over-represented among offenders in each category of aggressive
crime:  in homicide at a level 315% greater than their representation in the
general population, in sexual assault at a level 404% as great, in aggravated
assault at 274%  greater than their representation in the general population.
Whites  and others  are under-represented among offenders. Blacks are at
highly increased risk, relative to their representation in the nation's popula-
tion, for victimization in homicide and at some disadvantage (although not at a
level appropriately denominated as risk in a statistical sense) for victimization
in both sexual and aggravated assault. Episodes of criminal aggression initi-
ated by white offenders account for slightly more than 73% of all single-of-
fender episodes of aggressive crime, while episodes initiated by Black offend-
ers  account for  approximately 27%,   so that white-perpetrated criminal
aggression  exceeds Black-initiated criminal aggression at a ratio of 2.7:1.
Blacks  are represented among  offenders in aggressive crime slightly more
than twice their representation in the nation's population. It is more than five
times as likely that a white victim has been set upon by a white offender than

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