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24 J. Offender Rehab. 1 (1996-1997)

handle is hein.journals/wjor24 and id is 1 raw text is: 





Journal of Ofender Rehabiltation. Vol 24 (fQ), 1996 Pp. f 10
C 1996 by The Haworth Press, ic All nghts reserved





       REHABILITATION IN GERMAN PRISONS




                            HARRY R. DAMMER
                            Niagara Univers


      ABSTRACT Since 1976, with the   passage of the Federal Prison Act,
      rehabilitation has been a major philosophical principle in German penal
      law and correctional practice. The purpose of this article is to describe
      three prominent features that promote rehabilitation in German prisons:
      unique environmental conditions, extensive work and training programs,
      and frequent use of community reintegration programs. The findings for
      this article were derived from three sources of information: informal
      interviews with German prison officials and university criminologists, a
      review of extant literature on German corrections, and most important,
      from visits to four maximum security correctional institutions in western
      Germany  during the period of September  1993 through  June 1994.
      [Article copies available for a fee from The Haworth Document Delivery
      Service: 1-800-342-9678. E-mail address: getinfo@haworth.com]


   The Federal Republic  of Germany,  located in the heart of Europe, is
a country of approximately  80 million people living in an area roughly
the size of California. With the reunification in 1990, the country  is
now  divided into 16  Lander or states. German  law  is primarily codi-
fled. In most  cases, Federal  laws are  applied to all of the Lander
(Herrmann,  1989). The German   correctional system is primarily driven
by a Federal Law, the Code  on the Execution  of Prison Sentences, and
by Measures   Involving the Deprivation  of Liberty, also known  as the
Prison Act of 1976. The  latter act states that rehabilitation is to be the
major philosophical  principle in the correctional setting. Consider the
following sections of the law:

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