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21 J. Offender Rehab. 1 (1994)

handle is hein.journals/wjor21 and id is 1 raw text is: 




YOUNG VICTIMS, YOUNG OFFENDeRS. Pp. 1-9.
© 1994 by The Haworth Pres,. Inc. All rights reserved.




   OVERVIEW: CRIME, CHILDREN, AND ADOLESCENTS




                        NATHANIEL I. PALLONE
                            Rutgers University

                            ERIC WORKOWSKI
                            Rutgers University

   ABSTRACT As an overview to the substantive papers in this volume,
   this essay reviews data concerning the rate of offending and the rate of
   victimization among children and adolescents, along the way deploring
   the lack of comprehensive national data on victimization. It is seen that
   children and adolescents are at substantially greater risk, on the basis
   of statistical incidence, for the commission of nuisance offenses than
   for serious offenses. Implications for correctional rehabilitation are
   suggested.

   That criminal offenses committed by and against children and youth
constitute collectively and individually a national disgrace is an
unexceptionable proposition. Fueled by the latest headlines depicting
atrocities - from the mindless gang-rape of the Central Park Jogger
through the sexually motivated kidnapping and murder of Polly Klaas
- the impression that the dimensions of that disgrace enlarge
exponentially seems inescapable. As British criminologists Jane
Morgan and Lucia Zedner (1992, p. 21) recently put it:
   In the literature on crime, children and youth are far more likely to be
   viewed as offenders than as victims. It is well known that juvenile
   offenders contribute significantly to the total volume of recorded crime,
   but only in the 1990s is it being recognized that young people, especially
   those of school age, figure disproportionately as victims.

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