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18 J. Offender Rehab. 1 (1992)

handle is hein.journals/wjor18 and id is 1 raw text is: 




Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, Vol. 18 (1/2), 1992. Pp. 1-80.
@01992 by The Haworth Press, Inc. All rights reserved.


I RESEARCH MONOGRAPH: INNOVATION IN METHODOLOGY




      Psychometric Scaling Techniques

         Applied to Rates of Crime and

                       Victimization

                I: Major Population Centers




                        James J. Hennessy
                          Foidhan Univecsily

                     Laurie Kepecs-Schlussel
                          Fordhmni Universily


   ABSTRACT This monograph demonsh'ales a new method for describ-
   ing crime statislics reported in the Uniform Crime Reports. After discuss-
   ing the methods currently used to present these data, we explain a scaling
   model based on the scaling of in telligence used in differential psychology
   and apply that model to a rescaling of reporled crime occurrences in 76
   of the largest cities in the United Stares. A profile of victimization
   quotients was generated for these cities that allows for more detailed
   analyses of crime patterns and covariances than do other reporting metlh-
   ods. The crime quotients are tIhen examined in relation to four structural
   characteristics of the 76 cities (municipal expenditures, police service
   expenditures, percent of the populalion that is minority, and population
   density) as an example of the potential uses of the new scaling system.
   Psychometric and practical issues associated with Ihe new scaling system
   are discussed.

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