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16 J. Offender Rehab. 1 (1990-1991)

handle is hein.journals/wjor16 and id is 1 raw text is: 



Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, Vol. 16(1/2) 1990
© 1990 by The Haworth Press, Inc. All rights reserved.

El Focus on COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY IN CORRECTIONAL THEORY AND PRACTICE


       A Neo-Cognitive Model of Crime

                       Thomas M. Kelley
                       Wayne State University




     ABSTRACT. This paper presents a new paradigm for criminologi-
     cal inquiry that transcends the field's present base of assumptions
     and theories. Herein, the principles of the Psychology of Mind,
     POM, (Suarez and Mills, 1982; Suarez, Mills and Stewart, 1987)
     have been translated into a neo-cognitive model of crime. The four
     main principles of POM are: (1) The Principle of Thought; (2) The
     Principle of Separate Realities; (3) The Principle of Levels of Con-
     sciousness; and(4) The Principle of Feelings and Emotions. These
     four principles or constants are shown to connect in an exact manner
     the variables of thought, perception, motivation, emotion, and be-
     havior of all delinquent and criminal offenders. Furthermore, these
     principles clearly reveal ways to prevent and reverse the process that
     results in crime. Finally, evidence in support of this new perspective
     is reviewed, implications for crime prevention and control are dis-
     cussed, programming models presented, and the possibility of a ma-
     jor breakthrough in criminological thinking, research and policy is
     discussed.


   Our current thinking about the causes of crime and delinquency
lacks precision, and thus, our solutions have been well off the
mark. A more accurate understanding of the causes of crime ap-
pears to be lost in an entanglement of criminological theories and
concepts which, while often clever and intellectually sophisticated,
are more often misleading or incorrect (Cressy, 1979; Gibbons,

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