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12 Whittier J. Child. & Fam. Advoc. 81 (2012-2013)
International Adoption: The Economics of the Baby Industry

handle is hein.journals/wjcfad12 and id is 87 raw text is: INTERNATIONAL ADOPTION:
THE ECONOMICS OF THE BABY
INDUSTRY
MAHSA FARID
INTRODUCTION
Since its start, international adoption has been envisioned both
as an opportunity to rescue children in need and as a means for
childless couples to become parents.' In the last decade, international
adoption of children has drastically increased each year in the United
States.2 Along with this sweeping increase is the substantial and
profitable black market in baby selling. With Americans adopting more
children than any other nation, it is vital to know why so many children
are available for adoption and whether they are being trafficked into
the U.S.3 Many westerners are under the illusion that international
adoption seeks to rescue millions of children from their daily struggle
of poverty, homelessness, and hunger; however, evidence shows that in
many sending countries children are being systematically forced into
sale, kidnapped, or even stolen from their birth families.4
Unfortunately, the international community's response to the
pressing issue of child trafficking through international adoption has
1. Laura McKinney, International Adoption and the Hague Convention: Does
Implementation of the Convention Protect the Best Interests of Children?, 6 WHITTIER
J. CHILD & FAM. ADVOC. 361, 370 (2007).
2. The U.S. fiscal year statistics list the highest adoptions per year in 1999 with
15,719 adoptions, 2002 with 21,467 adoptions, and 2004 with 22,991 adoptions. U.S.
DEP'T     OF     STATE,     INTERCOUNTRY     ADOPTION,     Statistics,
http://adoption.state.gov/aboutus/statistics.php.
3. McKinney, supra note 1, at 383.
4. David M. Smolin, Child Laundering: How the Intercountry Adoption System
Legitimizes and Incentivizes the Practices of Buying, Trafficking, Kidnapping, and
Stealing Children, 52 WAYNE L. REv. 113, 127 (2006), [hereinafter Smolin,
Legitimizes and Incentivizes].

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