34 Wis. Int'l L.J. 323 (2016-2017)
A Mutual Legal Assistance Case Study: The United States and France

handle is hein.journals/wisint34 and id is 335 raw text is: 






    A MUTUAL LEGAL ASSISTANCE CASE STUDY: THE
                 UNITED STATES AND FRANCE

   PETER SWIRE,* JUSTIN D. HEMM1NGS,** AND SUZANNE VERGNOLLE***

Introduction ............................................................................................. 324
I. Why Mutual Legal Assistance Matters Now: The Research Project... 326
II. How US Law Enforcement Obtains Evidence ................................... 330
        A . The Fourth Am endm ent ........................................................ 330
        B. The Search and Seizure of Electronic Evidence .................... 332
            1. Basic Subscriber Information is the easiest category of
                electronic evidence for the government to obtain ......... 333
            2. Pen/Trap orders require certification that the evidence
                sought is relevant to the investigation in order to
                com pel production ........................................................ 334
            3. The SCA provides for a court order for qualifying
                categories of electronic evidence upon a showing of
                a reasonable articulable suspicion ................................. 335
            4. Under ECPA and the SCA, the content of stored
                electronic communications can be obtained with a
                probable cause w arrant ................................................. 336
             5. The real-time interception of data requires not only a
                demonstration of probable cause but also other
                requirements such as exhausting other investigatory
                procedures ..................................................................... 338
        C. Alternate Ways to Obtain Evidence ...................................... 340
 III. How French Law Enforcement Obtains Evidence ............................ 341
        A. The French Search and Seizure Regime ............................... 343
        B. Interception of Communications Transmitted by Means of
             Telecom m unications ........................................................... 345
         C. Real-time Interception of Data .............................................. 348
         D . G eolocalization  ..................................................................... 349


     Peter Swire is the Huang Professor of Law and Ethics at the Georgia Institute of Technology's
     Scheller College of Business, and Senior Counsel at Alston & Bird, LLP. This article is current
     as of November 13, 2016.
     Justin Hemmings is Associate Counsel at Alston & Bird, LLP. He received his J.D. from
     American University's Washington College of Law.
  .*. Suzanne Vergnolle is a Ph.D. candidate at Paris 11 Panthdon-Assas France.

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