33 Wis. Int'l L.J. 427 (2015)
Referencing Boundaries: Why the World Needs the World Court

handle is hein.journals/wisint33 and id is 441 raw text is: 





REFEREEING BOUNDARIES: WHY THE WORLD NEEDS
                    THE WORLD COURT

                       JOSHUA CASTELLINO*

Introduction  ........................................................................................... 4 28
I. The Lines, the Lines ... They are Blurring .................................... 430
II. The Adjudication of Disputes: The Rules of the Game Thus Far ....438
      A. Inviolability and Intangibility of Frontiers with Consent
          Required for Change ........................................................... 439
      B. Uti Possidetis Juris & Terra Nullius ..................................... 439
      C. Snap-shot or Critical Date ........................... 441
      D. Applicable Evidence, Including Reliance on Maps Drawn
          by Colonial Treaty   Law   ...................................................... 442
      E. Importance of Effective Control, Colonial Effectivitis
          (Including Droit D 'outre-mer) and the Applicable Law.:...443
      F. The Principles of Equity Infra Legem and Ex Aequo Et
          B o n o  .................................................................................... 4 4 6
III. Defeating the Argument of Force, Harnessing the Force of
    Argument: Forum Conveniens? ..................................................... 448
      A. Pacific Settlement of Disputes ............................................... 449
          1. B ilateral N egotiations  ..................................................... 449
          2. Facilitation Through Other Dispute Settlement
             M echanism s ................................................................... 450
          3. A rbitration  ....................................................................... 452
      B. In Support of the World Court ............................................... 456
IV . A n  Agenda  for Change? .................................................................. 460
      A . Technical Im  pedim  ents  ......................................................... 461
          1. Lack of Compulsory Jurisdiction .................................... 461
          2. L ocus  Standi .................................................................... 462
          3. Application of Rules Sensu Stricto ................................. 463
          4. Heightened Value of Evidence ........................................ 465
          5. Reducing the Ambient Noise .......................................... 465
      B . Practical Im pedim  ents  ........................................................... 466
          1. Lack of Expertise-Technical Cooperation ...................... 466


  Joshua Castellino is Professor of Law & Dean of the School of Law at Middlesex University,
  London.

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