5 Seton Hall J. Dipl. & Int'l Rel. 79 (2004)
The Role of Transnational Advocacy Networks in Reconstituting International Organization Identities

handle is hein.journals/whith5 and id is 203 raw text is: The Role of Transnational Advocacy
Networks in Reconstituting International
Organization Identities
by Susan Park
INTRODUCTION
International relations scholarship recognizes the important role that non-state
actors play in areas such as human rights, the environment, poverty, and development.
Constructivism has proved a welcome lens through which to view the actions and
ideas of non-state actors, characterized here as transnational advocacy networks.
This article argues that constructivism can provide a framework that goes beyond
analyzing the strategic aims of such actors to understand the influence they have on
the formation of international governmental organization's (1O's) identities. While
transnational advocacy networks have had policy victories and defeats in campaigns
against IOs, such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF),
the interest here is to question how 1O identities are reshaped or reconstituted by
interactions with transnational advocacy networks. Understanding 10 identities is
important in explaining why 1Os operationalize their mandates in certain ways and
not others. As such, it is posited that transnational advocacy networks shape the
social structure within which lOs exist. These networks interact with and influence
1O identities and therefore behavior. The first section establishes the importance of
understanding 10 identities. The second section establishes the role of transnational
advocacy networks in world politics. The final section then analyses how transnational
advocacy networks reshape and reconstitute 10 identities through micro-processes
of socialization. A constructivist framework provides a means of understanding IO-
transnational advocacy networks interaction, giving insight into why 10 identities
internalize new norms.
THE AGENCY AND IDENTITY OF IOs
The proliferation of 1Os within the international system in the post-Cold War
period provides ample scope for analysis of how 1Os undertake their functions.1 1Os
operate within and across all aspects of international relations (IR) and act not only
as fora for states' interests but also as instigators of change in areas as diverse as the
Susan Park teaches in the areas of international organization, international relations, and international
development at the University of Sydney, Australia.
79
Seton HallJournal ofDiplomacy and International Relations

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