43 Wake Forest L. Rev. 45 (2008)
Time Well Spent: An Economic Analysis of Daylight Saving Time Legislation

handle is hein.journals/wflr43 and id is 51 raw text is: ARTICLES
TIME WELL SPENT: AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF
DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME LEGISLATION
Steve P. Calandrillo*
Dustin E. Buehler**
Several nations implemented daylight saving time legislation
in the last century, including the United States. The United
States briefly experimented with year-round daylight saving
time twice--during World War II and the energy crises in the
1970s. Agency studies and congressional hearings from the
1970s show several benefits of year-round daylight saving time,
along with potential disadvantages. These studies are dated,
and much has changed in the last thirty years.       While
congressional efforts to extend daylight saving time in 2007
have again focused on the energy savings this legislation would
produce, far more meaningful benefits have been largely
ignored. This Article collects and analyzes modern research on
daylight saving time, concluding that year-round daylight
saving time would save hundreds of lives annually by
decreasing   motor   vehicle   and   pedestrian   fatalities.
Furthermore, extra light in the evening hours reduces criminal
activity and results in energy savings from decreased peak
electricity demand. Finally, year-round daylight saving time
would eliminate the negative effects caused by the current
spring and fall time changes. These advantages significantly
outweigh the potential costs of daylight saving during winter
months. The time has come for Congress to enact year-round
* Professor of Law and Washington Law Foundation Scholar, Univ. of
Washington School of Law, stevecal@u.washington.edu. J.D., Harvard Law
School; B.A., Univ. of California at Berkeley.
** Law Clerk to Judge Alfred Goodwin, U.S. Court of Appeals for the
Ninth Circuit, dbuehler@myuw.net. J.D., Univ. of Washington School of Law;
B.A., Willamette Univ.
The authors wish to thank U.S. Congressmen Edward Markey (D-Mass.) and
Fred Upton (R-Mich.) for bringing this topic to the forefront of Congress's
attention. Our gratitude as well to Ninth Circuit Judge Alfred Goodwin,
Chryssa Deliganis, Mary Lynn Veden, Jonathan Moskow, Irwin Yoon, and
Alyse Merritt for their encouragement and thoughts on prior drafts, as well as
to the Washington Law School Foundation for its generous financial support.

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