15 Criminology, Crim. Just. L & Soc'y 43 (2014)
Exploring the Nexus of Officer Race/Ethnicity, Sex, and Job Satisfaction: The Case of the NYPD

handle is hein.journals/wescrim15 and id is 109 raw text is: 

                                      VOLUME 15, ISSUE 2, PAGES 43 59 (2014)
                      Criminology, Criminal Justice Law & Society

                                            E-ISSN 2332-886X
                                            Available online at

        Exploring the Nexus of Officer Race/Ethnicity, Sex, and Job

                          Satisfaction: The Case of the NYPD

                      Jonathon A. Cooper,a Michael D. White,b Kyle C. Ward,a
                            Anthony J. Raganella,c and Jessica Saundersd
                                   a Indiana University of Pennsylvania
                                        b Arizona State University

                                   'New York City Police Department

                                          d RAND Corporation


 We consider officer satisfaction and explore whether satisfaction with various aspects of the job differs across
 officer race/ethnicity and sex. We do so using a unique data set of New York City Police officers who were
 surveyed after working on the street for six years (n=184). The current study employs a different approach to job
 satisfaction by querying officers across several job-related features and by examining satisfaction across officer
 sex, race/ethnicity, and sex-race/ethnicity categories. Results suggest that, while this sample of NYPD officers
 were generally satisfied with their job, and that there was much consensus regarding specific categories of
 satisfaction, important differences emerged between men and women officers, between White, Black, and
 Hispanic officers, and between several interaction (gender by race/ethnicity) categories. We discuss the findings in
 terms of broader trends within the NYPD and the traditional, male-centered police subculture, as well as with
 regard to efforts at sustaining a representative police department through officer retention.

 Article History:                      Keywords:

 Received 21 January 2014              police, satisfaction, retention, diversity
 Received in revised form 25 April 2014
 Accepted 5 May 2014

                                            C 2014 Criminology, Criminal Justice, Law & Society and The Western Society of Criminology
                                                                              Hosting by Scholastica. All rights reserved.

    Though American policing is a profession still       become increasingly more diverse, albeit with mixed
dominated by White males, police departments across      results. According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics
the United States have made substantial efforts to       (BJS) for the year 2007, 81.1%   of all American

Corresponding author: Jonathon A. Cooper, Department of Criminology, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, 1011 South Drive,
    Indiana, PA 15705, USA. E-mail address: ion.cooper~iup.edu

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