54 Wayne L. Rev. 1725 (2008)
Trends in the Committee of Juveniles to Adult Prisons: Toward an Increased Willingness to Treat Juveniles as Adults

handle is hein.journals/waynlr54 and id is 1735 raw text is: TRENDS IN THE COMMITMENT OF JUVENILES TO ADULT
PRISONS: TOWARD AN INCREASED WILLINGNESS TO
TREAT JUVENILES AS ADULTS?
JEFFREY J. SHOOKt
ROSEMARY C. SARRIT
Table of Contents
I. INTRODUCTION    ................................................................................ 1725
A. Perspectives on the Changing Boundary between the
Juvenile and Criminal Courts .................................................. 1728
B. Research on the Consequences of Legislative Changes .......... 1731
C. Michigan's Legislative Changes .............................................. 1734
II. M ETHOD  S  ....................................................................................... 1737
A . D ata  .........................................................................................  1737
B . A nalysis .................................................................................... 1738
III. R ESU LTS  ........................................................................................ 1739
A. The Number of Juveniles Committed to Adult Prisons ............ 1739
B. Com  m itm ent Type  .................................................................... 1746
C. Offense  Characteristics  ........................................................... 1748
D. Offender Characteristics ......................................................... 1751
E . Sentence  .................................................................................. 1755
IV . D ISCU SSION  ................................................................................... 1756
V . C ONCLU  SION  .................................................................................. 1765
I. INTRODUCTION
Over the last several decades, almost every state in the United States
has enacted legislative changes easing the process of treating juveniles as
adults in the justice systems.' The rationales for these changes generally
t Assistant Professor of Law and Assistant Professor of Social Work, University of
Pittsburgh. B.A., 1992, Grinnell College; J.D., 1996, American University; M.S.W.,
1999, University of Michigan; Ph.D., 2004, University of Michigan.
T Professor Emerita, University of Michigan School of Social Work. B.A., 1946,
University of Minnesota; M.S.W, 1955, University of Minnesota; Ph.D., 1962, University
of Michigan.
1. See generally Patricia Torbet et al., State Responses to Serious and Violent
Juvenile Crime: Research Report, Washington, D.C.: United States Department of
Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (1996) (hereinafter State
Response); Patricia Torbet & Linda Szymanski, State Legislative Responses to Violent
Juvenile Crime: 1996-97 Update, United States Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile

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