22 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol'y 325 (2006)
Psychiatric Effects of Solitary Confinement

handle is hein.journals/wajlp22 and id is 331 raw text is: Psychiatric Effects of Solitary Confinementt
Stuart Grassian*
TABLE OF CONTENTS
P RE FA CE      ....................................................................................... 327
I. O VERV IEW   ....................................................................................... 327
II. SOLITARY CONFINEMENT CAN CAUSE SEVERE PSYCHIATRIC
H A R M    ....................................................................................... 333
A. Solitary Confinement Can Cause a Specific Psychiatric
Syndrom   e  ......................................................................... 333
1.   The Specific Psychiatric Syndrome Associated with
Solitary  Confinem  ent ................................................. 335
2.   This Syndrome has the Characteristics of an Acute
Organic Brain Syndrome-A Delirium ..................... 337
B. The Historical Experience with Solitary Confinement:
The Nineteenth Century Experience ................................ 338
1.   The Origin     of the American      Penitentiary: The
Nineteenth Century German Experience ................... 338
2.   Psychological Effects of Severe Isolation .................. 341
C. The Twentieth Century Experience: Prisoners of War,
Brain Washing, and Experimental Research .............. 343
1.   Prisoners of War and Brain Washing ................ 343
2.   Experimental Research on Sensory Deprivation ........ 345
D. Factors Effecting Response to Sensory Restriction and
Solitary  Confinem  ent ....................................................... 346
1.   Differing Conditions of Isolation ............................... 346
2.   The Perceived Intent of the Isolation Experience ...... 347
3.   Individual Differences in Response ........................... 347
t This article was prepared from a statement given to the Commission on Safety and
Abuse in America's Prisons. As the article is an overview of the psychiatric effects of
confinement throughout history it is not fully footnoted
* M.D. Phone: (617) 244-3315; Fax: (617) 244-2792; 401 Beacon Street, Chestnut Hill,
Mass. 02467-3976; e-mail: stgrassian@aol.com.

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