18 Va. Sports & Ent. L.J. 17 (2018-2019)
The Rest Day of Professional Football Players in Israel

handle is hein.journals/virspelj18 and id is 19 raw text is: 





FALL 2018   THE REST DAY OF PROFESSIONAL FOOTBALL PLAYERS IN ISRAEL


Article



      The Rest Day of Professional Football

                         Players in Israel


                         Shelly Aviv Yeini*

                                INTRODUCTION

[B]ut the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God. On it you shall not do
any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your male or female servant,
nor your animals, nor any foreigner residing in your towns.'

         According  to The Israeli Democracy Institute, Israeli Jews define their
religiosity in diverse ways, each of which is often a package deal, combining
distinct and distinguishing characteristics and attitudes.2 Israeli Jews - whether
they define themselves as religious (on a sliding spectrum), observing tradition, or
completely  secular - have an interest in the place that religion occupies in the
State of Israel and the meaning of a Jewish state.3
         Israel's historical approach toward the balance between the demands of
religious and secular camps is referred to as the status quo model. The status quo
model  is traditionally depicted as a decision not to decide - that is, on preserving
an existing status quo that acknowledges the priority of religious demands in some
areas in a way that reflects a social-political compromise rather than a principled
decision-making.4  The  practical approach of  this model is to refrain from
changing  the compromises that were crystallized in the early days of Israel based
on agreements reached between  Jewish leaders at that time.' One of the most well-
known   and relied upon documents  that shaped the agreements of the status quo
model  is a letter that the Jewish Agency - which was controlled by the secular
Labor  Party - sent in 1947 to the international organization of Agudat Israel, the
hegemonic   movement within the ultra-Orthodox Jewish public. The letter
included, among  other topics, the recognition and promise that the Sabbath would
be  the official rest day of the future Jewish state.' However, the letter did not
present a commitment  to Sabbath observance in the traditional religious meaning
of the term.




* PhD., Bar-Ilan University, Law Faculty. I thank Professor Ariel L. Bendor and Professor Gideon Sapir
for their valuable comments and remarks.
  Exodus 20:10.
2 The Israeli Democracy Institute, A Portrait of Israeli Jews: Beliefs, Observance, and Values of Israeli
Jews, 2009 (2009), https://en.idi.org.il/media/7083/abstract-guttmanavichai20l2_eng.pdf.
  Id.
  Daphne Barak-Erez, Law and Religion Under the Status Quo Model: Between Past Compromises and
Constant Change, 30 Cardozo L. Rev. 2495, 2495 (2009).
5 Id.
6 Id. at 2496, http://rotter.net/User-files/forum/57c208e4620712c6.pngla copy of the original letter in
Hebrew).


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