2 Vt. J. Envtl. L. 1 (2000-2001)

handle is hein.journals/vermenl2 and id is 1 raw text is: PROSECUTING WILDLIFE TRAFFICKERS:
IMPORTANT CASES, MANY TOOLS, GOOD RESULTS
John T Webb*
Between $10 billion and $20 billion in plants and animals were traded illegally
around the world last year with the United States leading the list of buyers, at
about $3 billion. t
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Intro du ction  ................................................................................................... 1
I. Regulation Of The International Wildlife Trade ................................. 3
A .  T he  L acey  A ct .................................................................................  3
B. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild
Fauna  and  Flora  (CITES) ............................................................   6
C. Other Federal Laws Penalizing Illegal Wildlife Trafficking ........... 7
II. Sentencing Of Wildlife Trafficking Cases - Section 2Q2.1 of the
Sentencing  G uidelines ....................................................................   10
Points  to  R em em ber  ................................................................................ 11
C onclu sion  ............................................................................................ . .  12
INTRODUCTION
International wildlife traffickers today face a spectrum of prospective
federal charges, from century-old Title 16 conservation offenses, to today's
white collar offenses. But to understand what charging options lie ahead,
federal prosecutors must be willing to sift through the entire text of
conservation statutes to find the applicable criminal provisions scattered
there. New federal prosecutors will soon learn, however, what their more
experienced colleagues already know. The effort is worthwhile; flagrant
wildlife offenders can and do receive stiff sentences under the Sentencing
Guidelines. Wildlife and Marine Resources Section prosecutors who
* Assistant Chietf U.S. Dep't of Justice, Wildlife and Marine Resources Section, Robert S.
Anderson Senior Trial Counsel Wildlife and Marine Resources Section.
t Donovan Webster, The Looting and Smuggling and Fencing and Hoarding of Impossibly
Precious, Feathered and Scaly Wild Things, N.Y. TIMES MAG., Feb. 16, 1997, at 28.

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